TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS                  PRESENTED BY,                  REENU SEBASTIAN                  MACFAST
CONTENTSIntroduction   Three ego     states                 Types of               transaction                            ...
INTRODUCTION   A transaction is an exchange of communication (verbal or non verbal)    between two people or within onese...
 When two or more persons interact with each other, there results a  social transaction. Transactional analysis or TA wa...
EGO STATES Berne believed that there were three states of mind in all humans, no  matter how old they were, called ego st...
Parent ego state A person reacting from this ego state will either be too  judgemental, critical or patronizing in most s...
TYPES OF TRANSACTION   Complementary transaction                 A complementary transaction occurs when the sender of th...
   Crossed transaction           Crossed transaction occur when the sender of message gets response from    different ego...
LIFE POSITION Life Positions are basic beliefs about self and others, which are used to  justify other decisions about ou...
Strokes In Transactional Analysis compliments and general ways of giving  recognition is called strokes. Stroking refers...
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Transactional Analysis

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Transactional Analysis

  1. 1. TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS PRESENTED BY, REENU SEBASTIAN MACFAST
  2. 2. CONTENTSIntroduction Three ego states Types of transaction Life position Strokes
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION A transaction is an exchange of communication (verbal or non verbal) between two people or within oneself.
  4. 4.  When two or more persons interact with each other, there results a social transaction. Transactional analysis or TA was formulated by Dr. Eric Berne a canadian born psychiatrist. TA is a powerful tool to understand ourselfs better.
  5. 5. EGO STATES Berne believed that there were three states of mind in all humans, no matter how old they were, called ego states. Transactional analysis uses Freudian psychoanalytic theory as the background for Identifying three important ego states: Parent ego Adult Ego P Child ego A C
  6. 6. Parent ego state A person reacting from this ego state will either be too judgemental, critical or patronizing in most situations. This represents the part of person’s personality which is authoritative, over protective, controlling, nurturing.Adult ego state The adult ego state is about to direct responses to the here and now. Mature, rational and objective part of one’s personality.Child ego state Represents childish, dependent, and immature part of one’s personality.
  7. 7. TYPES OF TRANSACTION Complementary transaction A complementary transaction occurs when the sender of the message gets the intended response from the receiver. For example, an employee makes a mistake and, wanting some sympathy, apologizes to the boss. Employee - `I just dropped the thing when I was almost done. Now I have to do it all over again.‘ Supervisor ­ `It happens to all of us; dont worry about it. This complementary transaction is illustrated below
  8. 8.  Crossed transaction Crossed transaction occur when the sender of message gets response from different ego state than expected from receiver.
  9. 9. LIFE POSITION Life Positions are basic beliefs about self and others, which are used to justify other decisions about ourselves and others and to justify our behaviour. There are four life positions: I’m ok, you are ok I’m ok, you are not ok I’m not ok, you are ok I’m not ok, you are not ok
  10. 10. Strokes In Transactional Analysis compliments and general ways of giving recognition is called strokes. Stroking refers to recognition of one’s presence by others. Strokes may be positive or negative: PositiveWords of recognition, praise, patting on the back a pleasant smile etc NegativeCriticism, scolding etc
  11. 11. THANKYOU

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