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Alternative medicines


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Alternative medicine system

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Alternative medicines

  1. 1. Role Of Alternative Medcines -Reema Jagtap
  2. 2. Ayurveda Industry In India  India is a “mega-biodiversity” country, having over 45,000 plant species. The Botanical Survey of India estimates that out of the 45,000 plant species so far recorded, atleast two-thirds are potentially of medicinal value.  There is 16 different agroclimatic zones, 10 vegetative zones and 15 biotic provinces.  Since Independence, successive five year plans have made efforts to develop the Indian traditional medicinal system.  The country has over 8,000 licensed Ayurveda pharmacies with over 30% of them located in the state of Uttar Pradesh alone and an equal number of unlicensed manufacturing units.
  3. 3. Ayurveda Industry In India  Major centers where the distribution channel of medicinal plants begins are big cities like Raksal, Unjha, Thrissur, Shivpuri, Katni, Tuticorin and Siliguri.  Major expoerts tahes place from Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Tuticorin.  The success of Dabur, Baidyanath, Himalaya Drugs and Zandu bear testimony to the growing demand for ayurvediic medicines.  The major reasons for this expanding domestic market are continous use by the ever-increasing population and, to a certain extent a resurgence of faith in tradional and natural ayurvedic concepts.
  4. 4. • The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. • It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. • Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. • It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions.
  5. 5. Origin & Development of Unani System • Unani system originated in Greece • Hakim Ajmal Khan IS UNANI physician but also one of the foremost freedom fighters in the country. He established an Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College and Hindustani Dawakhana – a pharmaceutical company – for Ayurvedic and Unani medicine in Delhi in 1916. • Today the Unani system of medicine with hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system.
  6. 6. Principles & Concepts • According to the basic principles of Unani the body is made up of the four basic elements i.e earth ,air, water, fire which have different temperaments i.e. cold, hot, wet, dry. After mixing and interaction of four elements a new compound having new temperament existence. i.e Hot wet, hot dry, cold wet, and cold and dry. • The body has the simple and compound organs which got their nourishment ( The substances necessary for growth, health, and good condition ) through four humours i.e. blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
  7. 7. • The humour (put into a good mood) is also assigned temperament as blood is hot and wet, Phlegm is cold and hot, Yellow bile is hot and dry and Black bile is cold and dry. • Phlegm is cold and hot ( Thick, sticky, stringy mucus secreted by the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, as during a cold or other respiratory infection). • Yellow bile is hot and dry (A yellow, or greenish, viscid fluid, usually alkaline in reaction, secreted by the liver. It passes into the intestines, where it aids in the digestive) • Black bile is cold and dry - a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness
  8. 8. • Unani medicine believes in promotion of health, prevention of diseases and cure. • Health of human is based on the six essentials 1. Atmospheric air 2. Physical activity and rest 3. Drinks and foods 4. Sleep and wakefulness 5. Excretion and retention 6. Mental activity and rest
  9. 9. • The human body is considered to be made up of the following seven components are: i. Elements (Arkan) - earth ,air, water, fire ii. Temperament (Mizaj) - result of the interaction of these four elements. iii.Humors (Akhlat)- nutrition, growth and repair; and produce energy iv. Organs (Aaza)- various organs of the human body v. Spirits (Arwah) - Ruh (Spirit) is a gaseous substance, obtained from the inspired air, it helps in all the metabolic activities of the body vi. Faculties (Quwa) – natural power, psychic power and vital power vii. Functions (Afaal) - refers to the movements and functions of all the organs of the body.
  10. 10. Diagnosis • Nabz (pulse), a rhythmic expansion of arteries which is felt by fingers. The reading of the pulse permits a rather straightforward assessment of several factors: • 1) which humor is out of balance; • 2) what is the nature of the imbalance; i.e., excess of heat or coldness, wetness or dryness 3) which of the primary organs are effected. • Other methods of diagnosis include: examination of Baul (urine), Baraz (stool), etc. • Contemporary methods: Pathological, X-ray, ultrasound, Cardiograms etc. 15
  11. 11. • The ten conditions of pulse observed during the diagnosis are: i. Quantity ii. Force iii. Duration of movement iv. Condition of the vessel wall v. Volume vi. Duration of the rest period vii. Palpitation of the pulse viii. Equality and inequality ix. Balance of the pulse x. Rhythm
  12. 12. Prevention- The Six Essentials (Asbab Sitta Zaruriya) • Air (Environmental) • Drinks & Food • Sleep & Wakefulness • Excretion & Retention • Physical Activity & Rest • Mental Activity & Rest Currently employed: • Nutrition Supplements • Exercise • Primary Health care approaches • Oral & Documented Islamic Traditional items & Recipes 17
  13. 13. Treatment  Ilajbil Tadbeer (Regimenal Therapy) :- Some drugless regimens are advised for the treatment of certain ailments i.e. Exercise, Massage, Hamam(Turkish Bath), Douches (Cold and Hot), Fasd, Dalak, Kai (cauterization), Ishaal (purging) and the Regimen for Geriatrics.  Ilajbil Ghiza ( Dietotherapy) ):-Different diets are recommended for the patients of different diseases.  Ilajbil Dava (Pharmacotherapy) :- The basic concept of treatment is to correct the cause of the disease that may be Abnormal temperament due to environmental factors. Single and Compound Drugs like; Safuf, Habub/Aqras, Electuaries, Confections, Triphalas, Decoctions etc.  Ilajbil Yad ( Surgery) (4th line of treatment). 18
  14. 14. Strenghth of Unani Unani system of Medicine has very remarkable strength in the following disorders: • Skin disorders • Digestive disorders • Mental disorders • Sexual disorders • Gynecological disorders • Neurological disorders
  15. 15. Few eg of drugs used • Curcuma longa (Haldi) • Asparagus adscendens (Muslisafed) • Achyranthes aspera (Chirchitta) • Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh) • Asparagus racemosus (Satawar) • Centella asiatica (Brahmi) • Emblica officinalis (Amla) • Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) • Piper longum (Pipel Kalan) • Terminalia belerica (Behera) • Tinospora cordifolia (Gilo) • Withania somnifera (Asgand) 20
  16. 16. Blood Phlegm Yellow Bile Black Bile Slackness of uvula Swollen eyelids Heart attack welling of liver Diphtheria Shedding eyelashes Excessive appetite Jaundice Coughing Conjunctivitis Vomiting Swelling of spleen Pleurisy Styes Swelling of liver Flatulence Swelling of liver Dilation of pupils Jaundice Arthritis Hemorrhoids Dandruff of eyelids Hemorrhoids Gripe Constant erection Ringing in ears Anal ulcer Colic Swollen testicles Foul odor from nose Gripe Swelling of bladder Convulsion of penis Enlarged tongue Burning urination Excessive libido Cracked nails Bad taste in mouth Swollen testicles Low mother's milk Bad breath Excess menstruation Swelling of womb Canker sores Yellowed nails Varicose veins Swollen palate Thickened nails Whiteness of lips Skin cancer
  17. 17. • A therapy that uses aroma, or essential oils, to improve your quality of life.
  18. 18. WWhhaatt iiss aarroommaatthheerraappyy?? • Promotes health and prevents imbalances on the physical, emotional and spiritual level. • Aromatic Volatile Liquid of plants, flowers, leaves, blossoms, seeds, bark, roots, fruits and berries. • Essential oils are steam distilled or expressed. • Highly concentrated. • More potent than herbs – One drop represents the potency of one ounce of plant material. • Long history for using essential oils – Over 500 references in the bible.
  19. 19. History • Aromatherapy is thought to be at least 6,000 years old. • The Egyptians where discovered to use it. • A medical papyri from around 1555BC contained remedies for various types of illnesses.
  20. 20. Aroma enters through olfactory system The limbic system: directly communicates with the “master glands.” The hypothalamus and pituitary glands regulate many body functions including hormones and the immune system. Chemistry of oils determines therapeutic value
  21. 21.  Antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-parasitic  Hormone regulator  Stimulates the immune system  Antispasmodic  Anti-inflammatory  Anti-emetic  Anti-anxiety, antidepressant, relaxing  Astringent  Skin toner and moisturizer  Wound healing  Decreases sinus/respiratory congestion
  22. 22. Uses for Aromatherapy • Reduction of stress • Enhance relaxation • Relive anxiety • Improving well-being • Relieving psychosomatic symptoms • Relieves emotionally related disorders
  23. 23. In some cases it helped • Insomnia • Impotence • Pain of arthritis • Postpartum discomfort • However, medical science can find no physical reasons for these effects.
  24. 24. Common Essential Oils and Uses • Lavender- heals burns and cuts, destroys bacteria • Peppermint- alleviates digestive problems; relieves headaches, and muscle pain • Eucalyptus- lowers fever • Tea Tree- Fights fungal, yeast, and bacterial infections • Thyme- relieves pain in joints
  25. 25. Ways of Treatment for Aromatherapy • Inhalation- add essential oils to bowl of steaming water, place towel over head and bowl, and breath deeply the scented vapors. • Diffusion- spraying oil- containing compounds into the air • Hot & Cold Compresses- for muscle aches and pains, bruises, or headaches • Direct or Neat Application- Apply essential oil diluted or undiluted to a specific area for relaxation, pain, or wound care. Oils can be layered for added effect
  26. 26. Ways of Treatment for Aromatherapy • Baths- mix the essential oil with a small amount of milk or Epsom salts or sea salts to disperse the oil into the water. Use 5-10 drops of essential oil. • Massage- Rubbing aromatic oil into the skin • Gargles- used for mouth irritation/sores/sore throats. Add 2 drops of essential oil to a small amount of honey or milk in cup; add 3-4 ounces of warm water. Gargle, swish and spit.
  27. 27. INTRODUCTION Homeopathy = homois (similar) + pathos (suffering) Homeopathy simply means treating diseases with remedies, prescribed in minute doses, which are capable of producing symptoms similar to the disease when they taken by the healthy people. It is based on the natural law of healing. “Similia Similibus Curantur ” which means “Likes are cured by likes Basically homeopathy allows the body to heal itself by triggering body’s natural immune response Eg: caffeine can treat insomnia
  28. 28. DISCOVERY OF HOMEOPATHY Homeopathy began in the late 1700s, developed by a German doctor named Samuel Hahnemann. Hahnemann was dissatisfied with the often-severe treatments that were being used and was looking for a more natural way to treat illnesses He discovered the law of similar after he consumed cinchona bark extract (used to cure malaria) which produces the same symptoms as malaria So he had led to the inference that medicine cure disease only because they can produce similar symptoms in healthy individuals. The whole of homoeopathy derives from this Law Homeopathy achieved its greatest popularity in the 19th century. The first homeopathic schools opened in 1830 Eventually homeopathy reached all over Europe, United States and Asia
  29. 29. HOMEOPATHY USES SIMILAR SUFFERING TO RESTORE HEALTH (SIMILIA SIMILIBUS CURENTUR OR LIKE CURES LIKE) Do you know what the remedies Allium–cepa, Apis and Lachesis are prepared from?
  30. 30. ALLIUM-CEPA ▪ One of several common hay fever remedies, prepared from the red onion ▪ A healthy person chopping an onion will often get a runny nose and streaming eyes.
  31. 31. APIS MELLIFICA ▪ Angry red swellings (whatever the cause) may be treated with Apis made from the sting of a bee. Angry red swellings (whatever the cause) may be treated with Apis made from the sting of a bee.
  32. 32. LACHESIS (SNAKE) ▪ Blood poisoning may be treated with Lachesis, or other remedies made from a snake’s venom Blood poisoning may be treated with Lachesis, or other remedies made from a snake’s venom
  33. 33. HOMEOPATHY IN INDIA ▪ The history of Homoeopathy in India is linked with the name of Dr. Honigberger, a French man who brought homoeopathy to India in 1830’s. ▪ The 'Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College', the first homeopathic medical college was established in 1881. This institution took on a major role in popularising homeopathy in India. ▪ In 1973, the Government of India recognised homeopathy as one of the national systems of medicine and set up the Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH) to regulate its education and practice. ▪ Now, only qualified registered homeopaths can practice homeopathy in India. ▪ At present, in India, homeopathy is the third most popular method of medical treatment after allopathy and Ayurveda. ▪ There are over 200,000 registered homeopathic doctors currently, with approximately 12,000 more being added every year.
  34. 34. PRINCIPLE Balancing vital energy to promote body’s self healing response ▪ Law of similars ▪ Substance that cause similar symptoms in healthy person as the patient can cure the disease ▪ Theory of infinitesimals (dilution) ▪ A remedy is prepared by ultra diluting it(potentization) . Homeopaths believe this method preserves the effects of remedy despite dilution ▪ Mother tincture = remedy solved in small amount of water or alcohol ▪ Succussion ▪ Remedy is shaken vigorously to retain the properties of mother tincture ▪ Banged few times against a solid object ( believed to transfer essence and energy)
  35. 35. Grafting ▪Unmedicated pills or sugar pills are dipped in the remedy and dried. The essence is now transferred to the pill ▪A pill with essence of remedy allowed to come in contact with other sugar pills whereby other pills also acquire the essence
  36. 36. TREATMENT SESSION ▪ CONSULTATION Patients will be asked about their medical history, diet, lifestyle, physical and emotional state ▪ PRESCRIPTION Suitable remedy will be prescribed Every remedy is made to suit the patient’s individual symptoms
  37. 37. Pranic Healing
  38. 38. Pranic Healing • Pranic healing is a claimed energy healing system developed and promoted by Choa Kok Sui which claims that prana(energy) can heal ailments in the body by manipulation of the person's energy field. • Pranic healing is like acupuncture and yoga in that it treats the "energy body" which in turn affects the "physical body". • "The primary principle of pranic healing is utilising the inherent energy prana or energy of life in all beings for self-healing.
  39. 39. contd • Pranic Healing® requires no drugs, gadgets, not even physical contact with the subject. • Physical contact is not required because the practitioner is working on the bioplasmic or energy body and not directly on the physical body. • This energy body, or aura, is the mold or blueprint that surrounds and interpenetrates the physical body. It is the energy body that absorbs life energy and distributes it throughout the physical body, to the muscles, organs, glands, etc.
  40. 40. The chakras • The reason Pranic Healing® works on the energy body is that physical ailments first appear as energetic disruptions in the aura before manifesting as problems in the physical body.
  41. 41. Basic Pranic Healing • Course outline  Energetic Anatomy  First Aid Treatment  Preventive Treatment  Stress Management and Self Healing  Distance Healing  Experience Inner Peace and Emotional Healing  Spiritual Wealth
  42. 42. Benefits • Bring down body temperature in just few minutes • Fast healing of minor ailments like cough, cold, migrane etc • Major diseases like eye, kidney and heart problems can be relieved in just few sessions • Improved health and stamina • Recharges your body • Better memory and concentration • Better intrpersonal skills • Greater self esteem • Attain the ability to attract good luck and become more prosperous.