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Role of Renewables in Modern EnerSystems - Opportunities and Challenges


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DSD Special Event on “Energy Transformation for Asia: Responding to Energy Security and Climate
Challenges” - Dr. Marianne Osterkorn, REEEP

Published in: Technology, Business

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Role of Renewables in Modern EnerSystems - Opportunities and Challenges

  1. 1. DSD Special Event on “Energy Transformation for Asia: Responding to Energy Security and Climate Challenges” Role of Renewables in Modern Energy Systems - Opportunities and Challenges February 6th 2009 Dr. Marianne Osterkorn Director General REEEP
  2. 2. Content Impact of Asia in the Global Energy Market Role of Renewables in the Asian Energy Market Special Schemes in India and China REEEP support on renewables and energy efficiency 2
  3. 3. The major share of the estimated 45% increase in world energy demand by 2030 will take place in Asia Source: World Energy Outlook 2008, IEA 3
  4. 4. Due to the size of the energy market, CO2 emissions will be highest in Asia Source: World Energy Outlook 2008, IEA 4
  5. 5. Per capita emissions in Asia will continue to be below US and Europe Source: Climate Group 5
  6. 6. The estimated €6 trillion investment in Asian energy infrastructure will go primarily into fossil fuels based projects TWh Geothermal, tide and wave 4 000 Solar 3 500 Biomass Wind 3 000 Hydro Nuclear 2 500 Fossil fuels 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 2006-2015 2015-2030 Source: World Energy Outlook 2008, IEA 6
  7. 7. Asia is already one of the biggest renewable markets in the world and will remain so through 2030 Source: World Energy Outlook 2008, IEA 7
  8. 8. Hydropower is making a comeback … … with some 170 GW of capacity now under construction, mostly in non-OECD Asian countries Total: 167 GW Source: World Energy Outlook 2008, IEA 8
  9. 9. In Asia wind could contribute up to 24% of electricity production by 2030 Source:Global Wind Energy Outlook 2008, GWEC 9
  10. 10. China has become a global leader in renewable energy both in terms of investment and manufactoring 11th five-year plan enlisted reducing GDP energy intensity 20% and increase the share of RES to 10% by 2010 and 30% by 2050 Bidding system - Wind Concession Program and provincial initiatives MLTPRE calls for $ 300billion investment by 2020 – 300GWhydropower,30GW wind,30GW bio-mass, 1.8 solar power 5th largest installed capacity of wind ( 5900 MW )- largest turbine 72% Hydro manufacturing industry China is the 3rd largest global 4% Wind producer of solar PV China is the global leader in solar 8% Biomass water heating – 40 million systems covering 10 million households 16% Solar 10
  11. 11. India has one of the world largest programmes deploying renewable energy products and systems Action Plan for Climate Change, strong environmental policies and legislative framework and institutional support Preferential tariffs, RES purchase obligations for utilities (up to 10% of power ), tax incentives Market has been estimated to be worth around$1billion with future investment up to $3billion Hugh estimated potential 15KMW small hydro, 45KMW wind,17KMW biomass all grid connected 75% Hydro World 3rd largest wind producer with 7845 MW capacity ( 2000 MW 18% Wind annual increase )and the world 2nd largest biogas producer 7% Other RE 11
  12. 12. Opportunities for renewables are substantial Sustained energy demand growth ensures the long term market potential Favorable legal frameworks in most countries – feed in tariffs, easy grid access, financial and tax incentives Favorable business climate – strong local industry, supportive financial services Strong manufacturing capabilities Huge renewable energy resources and potentials 12
  13. 13. Challenges and barriers have to be overcome Initial cost for renewable investments still not competitive Limitation with the existing grid infrastructure Financial crises could slow down infrastructure investments Energy planning doesn’t fully recognize all the potential of renewables Need for more R&D and demonstration to build confidence in new technologies 13
  14. 14. REEEP - a market facilitator for renewable energy and energy efficiency REEEP accelerates market development through a focus on : policy/regulation development and improvement Implementation of innovative finance mechanisms REEEP is driven by a bottom-up approach to meet the real needs on the ground – 100 projects in 40 countries REEEP is strongly committed to the MDGs and aims to improve access to sustainable clean energy for the poor REEEP is a truly global partnership with 270 partner ( 42 governments ) and more than 3000 friends of REEEP 14
  15. 15. Development of a National Wind Energy Roadmap for China Provision of a comprehensive Road Map that enables China to achieve its policy 4000 MW by 2010 and 20,000 MW by 2020 – 2010 target already exceeded Plan for quality assurance, testing and indigenization Plan for Establishment of an industrial basis for manufacturing large-scale wind turbines and of a domestic capacity for commercial wind farm project development Project Partner: CRED/ERI 15
  16. 16. Rural Biomass Renewable Energy Action Plan in China Development of a National Action Plan and its implementation for rural biomass energy in China Providing detailed measures to achieve the biomass development target and reduce GHG emissions Removal of Barriers to rural biomass development Promotion of public awareness and acceptance of the national strategy for rural biomass energy Project Partner: EED Consulting working with Ministry of Agriculture 16
  17. 17. Financing for Bundled Small-Scale Rural Renewable Energy Enterprises in India Establishment of a new credit practice for small-scale renewable enterprises in rural India in cooperation with in Yes Bank Ltd. (YBL) Development of pipeline of interested small-scale rural renewable ventures Securing conventional and carbon financing for three projects Scaling up of this efforts to other Indian banks Project Partner: e³V 17
  18. 18. Removal of Barriers for Biomass Gasification in India Creation of a separate line of credit for Large-scale penetration of the BG technology in India Creation of a revolving fund for manufacturers, users and Local Service Providers Implementation of 30 BG systems of various capacities (10 kg/hour to 300 kg/hour) Development of a minimum of five local service providers Project Partner: TERI 18
  19. 19. REEEP International Secretariat Vienna International Centre Room D1732 Vienna, Austria +43 1 26026 3677
  20. 20. Template SLIDE This slide is a template slide for copy and pasting textblocks. You do not have to delete this slide as it is hidden and will not be shown during your slideshow This is a test TEXT Test 1 Test 2 Source: INPUT SOURCE HERE 20
  21. 21. Capacity building support for the implementation of the Renewable Energy Law in China Support the Government of China to implement the Renewable Energy Law, which came into force in January 2006 Organization of training workshops for government officials and enterprises Monitor the implementation of the law and assist policy makers Enhanced understanding by up to 300 officials and enterprise leaders of the law and how to implement it Project Partners: CREIA 21