Global Perspectives on Energy Security
         Rüschlikon, 9 March 2007



The Renewable Energy and Energy
 Efficiency Pa...
REEEP - the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Partnership is an international NGO registered in Austria

1. REEEP cur...
REEEP’s vision is to make energy systems sustainable

1. REEEP aims to reduce market barriers and financial obstacles
   f...
REEEP delivers value via Regional Secretariats



                                                               REEEP Reg...
The 50 REEEP projects encourage local initiatives in
   40 countries



                                                  ...
Up to 35% of energy demand in 2030 could be absorbed
              through energy efficiency measures
                    ...
Global delivered energy consumption by end-use sector according
to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2003-2030
...
In the EU25, energy consumption between 1990 and 2004
              rose most in the transport and households sector
     ...
More than 50% of CO2 emissions can be avoided in 2030

                         Global CO2 emissions now and in 2030 (in m...
Renewables and improved end-use efficiency can
account for 90% of avoided CO2 emissions until 2030

Global achievable savi...
REEEP International Secretariat
 Vienna International Centre
       Vienna, Austria
       info@reeep.org
      +43 1 2602...
A real impact can only be achieved by combining the
increased use of RES with accompanying EE measures
• EU RES directive ...
There is a huge potential for RES in developing and
transition countries - but still a long way to go
      Ratio of usage...
There is a huge potential for RES in developing and
transition Countries - but still a long way to go

              Globa...
Source: IEA
development of primary energy
                                projection of global final energy demand
consumption under t...
Global Perspectives on Energy Security
Global Perspectives on Energy Security
Global Perspectives on Energy Security
Global Perspectives on Energy Security
Global Perspectives on Energy Security
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Global Perspectives on Energy Security

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Global Perspectives on Energy Security, Dr. Marianne Osterkorn, REEEP

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Global Perspectives on Energy Security

  1. 1. Global Perspectives on Energy Security Rüschlikon, 9 March 2007 The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Marianne Osterkorn International Director REEEP
  2. 2. REEEP - the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership is an international NGO registered in Austria 1. REEEP currently comprises more than 200 partners representing 35 governments, businesses and NGOs committed to accelerating the uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency. 2. REEEP is currently funded by the EU and 11 governments: Austria, Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, US, and UK, the major donor of REEEP
  3. 3. REEEP’s vision is to make energy systems sustainable 1. REEEP aims to reduce market barriers and financial obstacles for renewables and energy efficiency and so facilitate technology transfer 2. REEEP believes in action on the ground via project activities that are targeted on policy improvements and innovative finance mechanisms 3. REEEP focuses on emerging markets and developing countries and contributes to improving access to reliable energy for the poor
  4. 4. REEEP delivers value via Regional Secretariats REEEP Regional Office REEEP International Russia REEEP Regional Office Secretariat North America REEEP Regional Office Central Europe REEEP Regional Office REEEP Regional Office Latin America & East Asia Caribbean REEEP Local Focal Point MEDREP REEEP Regional Office South Asia REEEP Regional Office South East Asia & Pacific REEEP Regional Office Africa
  5. 5. The 50 REEEP projects encourage local initiatives in 40 countries 5 1 1 2 1 3 7 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 2 1 1 6 2 1 32 1 1 1 2 11 Currently 50 projects 1 1 1 Locations – 40 countries 3 7 122 • Some projects – multiple countries 1 1 6 1
  6. 6. Up to 35% of energy demand in 2030 could be absorbed through energy efficiency measures Global primary energy demand now and in 2030 (in Mtoe p.a.) and possible ‘efficiency savings’ according to the IEA (left) and EREC/Greenpeace (right) 20000 20000 17095 18000 18000 15347 1690 16000 16000 -10% 14000 14000 5397 - 35% Mtoe p.a. 12000 12000 Mtoe 10000 10000 8000 8000 15405 6000 6000 11204 10440 9949 4000 4000 2000 2000 0 0 2004 2030 2003 2030 consumption efficiency savings consumption efficiency savings The savings of 1,690 Mtoe according to the IEA scenario would be equal to the total current energy demand of China Sources: IEA: World Energy Outlook 2006; Energy Information Administration: International Energy Outlook 2006
  7. 7. Global delivered energy consumption by end-use sector according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2003-2030 Source: Energy Information Administration: International Energy Outlook 2006
  8. 8. In the EU25, energy consumption between 1990 and 2004 rose most in the transport and households sector Other Sectors 3% Final energy consumption of EU-25 1990/2004 in toe (Total 2004: 1.2 bn toe) Households/Services Services 28% 1400 in 2004 Thousands (Total: 472 mio toe) 1200 472 1000 409 Households Agriculture 800 63% 6% 600 350 272 400 Rail transport Air transport 2% 333 319 14% 200 94 101 0 1990 2004 Transport in 2004 Non-energy consumption Industry Transport Households/Services (Total: 350 mio toe) 40% of energy in Europe is used in buildings. Bringing existing buildings up to current new build standards could save 460 mio t of CO2 p.a.., Road transport Sources: REEEP, EURIMA i.e. more than Europe’s total Kyoto commitment 84% Eurostat yearbook 2006-07
  9. 9. More than 50% of CO2 emissions can be avoided in 2030 Global CO2 emissions now and in 2030 (in mio t p.a.) and possible ‘efficiency savings’ according to the IEA (left) and EREC/Greenpeace (right) 45000 45000 40420 40000 40000 6340 34545 -16% 35000 35000 mio t Co2 p.a. mio t Co2 p.a. 30000 30000 -54% 18628 25000 25000 20000 20000 34080 15000 15000 26079 23124 10000 10000 15917 5000 5000 0 0 2004 2030 2003 2030 CO2 emissions efficiency savings The savings of 6,340 mio t according to the IEA scenario would be equal to the total current CO2 emissions of the United States and Canada combined Sources: IEA: World Energy Outlook 2006; Energy Information Administration: International Energy Outlook 2006
  10. 10. Renewables and improved end-use efficiency can account for 90% of avoided CO2 emissions until 2030 Global achievable savings in CO2 emissions until 2030 according to the IEA (in Gt) The bulk of global energy and emissions savings would come from energy efficiency improvements and an increased use of renewables in the US, the US but also in China. Source: IEA: World Energy Outlook 2006
  11. 11. REEEP International Secretariat Vienna International Centre Vienna, Austria info@reeep.org +43 1 26026 3425 www.reeep.org www.reegle.info
  12. 12. A real impact can only be achieved by combining the increased use of RES with accompanying EE measures • EU RES directive defines consumption targets, i.e. Member States may reach their goals also via EE measures • According to the latest EC report on progress in renewable electricity, Sweden and Poland, two countries with defined consumption targets, stand quot;a good chance of reaching the 2010 targetquot; • In Italy, small PV installations are eligible for quot;White Certificatesquot; (tradable certificates for energy savings). Extraordinary large growth of electricity consumption currently offset benefits • In Australia, solar water heaters are given green certificates based on the electricity consumption they displace Sources: European Commission, REEEP
  13. 13. There is a huge potential for RES in developing and transition countries - but still a long way to go Ratio of usage and potential of hydropower resources by continent Africa, Asia and South America still have a high potential for the use of hydropower Source: World Energy Council
  14. 14. There is a huge potential for RES in developing and transition Countries - but still a long way to go Global distribution of decentralised PV potential based on the predicted status in 2050 Global distribution of onshore and offshore wind potential based on predicted energy conversion efficiency in 2050 Source: WBGU
  15. 15. Source: IEA
  16. 16. development of primary energy projection of global final energy demand consumption under the by sector in the energy [r]evolution scenarios energy [r]evolution scenario Source: EREC/Greenpeace: energy [r]evolution, January 2007

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