Action films are often set in busy areas such as
towns or city's., often well known places such as
new York, London etc. They are usually set in
very modern places but if it was based from a
different time period.
Action films can be filmed pretty much anywhere.
Examples of action films
-Pirates of The Carribean.
-The A Team
Codes And Conventions
An action adventure film is essentially one long
quest with a succession of different chase
sequences, each one more death defying and
seemingly impossible than the one before. The
trick for the producers is to ramp up the tension
as the film progresses to a storming end
sequence. Will our intrepid explorers make it, or
will the evil antagonist get there first. Throughout
these films there is usually close ones/enemies
that will die and keep the audience hooked. The
hero is often stereotypically shown as a strong
man. The audience for this kind of film is usually
young males ranging from 12-25 to a significantly
smaller audience of young females. They will
often have fight scenes which will take place in
Typical Action Films
12/15 certificate, maximising youth audiences
Often hybridised with Sci Fi/Adventure/Romance
Major Hollywood studio produced and distributed
High production values including CGI FX. Fast paced editing
Classic Hollywood 3 act narrative structure
Predictable chain of events – cause and effect
Single stranded, linear, closed narrative
Dramatic non-diegetic sound
More narrative action codes than enigma codes
Clear binary oppositions
Star Marketing: Audience identification/expectations
(Cruise/Pitt/Willis/Thurman/Jolie/Stallone/Craig/SchwarzeneggeDi Caprio…). Generic
Typecasting and Secondary Persona apply
Romantic sub-plot, Humorous dialogue
Relationships with new technology (youth audiences)
Use of close up/Insert shots/High Key Lighting
Dominant representation of gender: male/female action hero. Mulvey’s male gaze and
contemporary female gaze can apply...
Dramatic, often orchestral, non-diegetic soundtrack
A mix of diegetic and non-diegetic sound is used to
accompany or emphasise the action.
Diegetic sound is used to make the scene sound
Some diegetic sounds are dubbed (added later) to
emphasise events or actions, for example gun-shots.
Wide range of camera angles and positions.
Close-ups used to emphasise emotions and objects used
to drive the narrative forward, weapons for example.
Tends not to use transitions but favours straight
Emphasises the variety of camera angles and
positions used to add to sense of wonder and
Transitions tend only to be used to indicate the
end of action sequences or movement from one
time or place to another.
High number of cross-cuts used to allow the
viewer to experience both the point of view of
good and evil. Usually helps the audience to