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Educating Youth in Ag


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Educating Youth in Ag

  1. 1. Agriculture<br />In the Classroom<br />
  2. 2. How Many of you live in town?<br />Approximately 25 million people, or 80%, of Canada’s population <br />live in Urban areas. (cities and towns) <br />How Many of you live on a Farm?<br />Approximately 6 million people, or 20%, of Canada’s population<br />live in Rural areas. (Farms, ranches, and in the country) <br />How Many of you have pet a <br />cow?<br />
  3. 3. Your Favourite food?<br />What agricultural products are used to make this food?<br />How do we get this product?<br />Is it grown in Alberta?<br />
  4. 4. Beef cattle<br />There are several different types of beef cattle some examples are...<br />Hereford<br />Angus<br />Shorthorn<br />Charolais <br />Simmental <br />
  5. 5. How many months until a calf is born?<br />9 months<br />When are cattle ready to be sold to market?<br />12 – 18 months (usually around 1000 – 1100lbs)<br />How much does a calf weigh at birth?<br />An average of 80lbs. The calf drinks milk and eats grass till it is weaned (taken away) from its mother at 6 months.<br />How many stomachs does a cow have? <br />Four! The multiple stomachs help them digest grass by “chewing their cud” which means they re-chew food that is already chewed and swallowed. <br />
  6. 6. Other than beef, What comes from cows?<br />Leather<br />Its made from their hide and is used to make a variety of items from clothing to basketballs!<br />Candies, marshmallows, and ice cream <br />These items are made from Gelatin; which is made from cows bones and horns!<br />Fertilizer<br />Depending on the type of fertilizer some are made from cows bones and blood.<br />Soaps, candles, cosmetics, shortening, and chewing gum<br />These are made from a beef fat called tallow!<br />
  7. 7. Cow terminology <br />A heifer is a female cow that hasn’t had a calf yet (birth – 2 years)<br />A cow is a female that has had a calf! <br />A bull is a male cow!<br />
  8. 8. Pigs<br />There are several different breed of pigs but some examples are...<br />Duroc<br />Chester White<br />Yorkshire <br />Hampshire<br />
  9. 9. Pigs are very intelligent and learn quickly. <br />They pick up tricks faster than dogs. Pigs rank #4 in animal intelligence. Piglets learn their names by two to three weeks of age and respond when called.<br />A sow can give birth to a litter containing 7 to 12 piglets, about twice a year.<br />A baby pig, or piglet, weighs about 1.5 kilograms at birth and will double its weight in just 7 days.<br />Weaning occurs at three months of age.<br />Pigs are very clean animals. <br />They keep their toilets far from their living or eating area. Even piglets only a few hours old will leave the nest to relieve themselves.<br />Pigs have no sweat glands, so they can't sweat.<br />Pigs have four toes on each hoof, but only walk on two toes per foot.<br />A mature pig has 44 teeth.<br />
  10. 10. Types of pigs<br />Boar: A male hog <br />Sow: Female hog that has hada litter of pigs. <br />Gilt: A female hog that has not <br />had a litter <br />
  11. 11. Other than pork...<br />Crayons, Cement, Insulation, Artist Brushes, Matches, Chalk, Glue, Buttons, Glass, Footballs.<br />
  12. 12. Sheep<br />Male sheep are called rams. <br />Baby sheep are called lambs.<br />Female sheep are called ewes.<br />
  13. 13. Sheep are timid, nervous and easily frightened animals<br />Their only means of survival is to flock together in large numbers and to run away from predators.<br />Sheep don't like to walk in water or move through narrow openings. They prefer to move into the wind and uphill than down wind and downhill.<br />Sheep usually give birth once a year and have 1-3 lambs. <br />They normally live to be about 8 years old, but can sometimes live to be as old as 20.<br />When sheep are on their back they will need to be helped, because they can't get up from that position.<br />Sheep also have four stomachs just like cows.<br />
  14. 14. Other than meat and wool...<br />The sheep intestines are used for casings in sausages and some hotdogs. They also make some types of instrument strings.<br />The bones and horns are used to make shampoo and conditioner, adhesive tape, gelatin capsules, marshmallows, piano keys, and gelatin desserts (ice cream, yogart, and jello).<br />
  15. 15. Dairy cattle<br />There are several different breeds of dairy cattle! Holstein are the most popular... <br />Do brown cows produce chocolate milk?<br />Nope, they produce white milk too!<br />
  16. 16. Do dairy cows have to have a calf in order to produce milk? <br />Yes; however, they are taken away 3 days after birth. <br />How many servings of dairy per day do you need?<br />children ages 9-18 need 3 servings of dairy products daily.<br />How many glasses of milk will a dairy cow give us in a day?<br />100<br />