Competency-Based Education

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What are some of the key features of competency-based education for those who are considering this approach? This powerpoint describes the approach, and details some of the elements to explore.

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Competency-Based Education

  1. 1. COMPETENCY-BASED LEARNING
  2. 2. Competency Independently: • Think of something you are competent at. • Now, think about how you know you are competent. • (We will share a few aloud.) In Groups of 3: • Make a list of how you would know if someone is competent at driving: what do competent drivers understand, what can they do, what behavior is observable? • (We will share lists with each other, looking for trends.)
  3. 3. What is Competency? • …your definition…
  4. 4. What is Competency? A combination of skills, knowledge, characteristics and traits which contribute to high performance on a particular task… A competency is something one can do • often, • in many situations, and • with strong results
  5. 5. In a Competency-Based System… • Students advance upon mastery. • Competencies include explicit, measurable, transferable learning objectives that empower students. • Assessment is meaningful and a positive learning experience. • Students receive timely, differentiated support. • Learning outcomes emphasize application and creation of knowledge, along with the development of important skills and dispositions. • --Chris Sturgis, CompetencyWorks • --Susan Patrick, iNACOL
  6. 6. Competencies Include… • Aptitudes: natural ability that prepares the person to perform a task • Attitudes: ways of thinking or behaving required to perform a task • Skills: acquired ability or experience needed to perform a task • Knowledge: Information and understanding needed to perform a task‖
  7. 7. WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE AT THE CLASSROOM LEVEL?
  8. 8. ENRICH- MENT ―CORRECT- IVES‖ FORM- ATIVE ASSESS- MENT ENRICH- MENT ―CORRECT- IVES‖ FORM- ATIVE ASSESS- MENT WHOLE GROUP INSTRUCTION i.e. achievement is not about student intelligence and capacity, it’s about instruction, curriculum and assessment. The Hope Foundation: All our Children Learning: Benjamin Bloom’s Mastery Learning http://www.hopefoundation.org/all-our-children-learning-benjamin-blooms-mastery-learning/
  9. 9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmjjeqN yxMQ&feature=youtu.be Jessica Addison, Todd County Kentucky Bloom’s Mastery Learning in the 21st Century: Low-tech style Before the Video Make a list of 3 questions or concerns you have about organizing competency- based learning within a single classroom. After the Video Return to your concerns / questions: are some answered? Do you have new ones? Revise your questions.
  10. 10. Shane Donovan, Washington DC https://www.edsurge.com/n/2013-09-25- spotting-schools-version-of-bigfoot Bloom’s Mastery Learning in the 21st Century: Low-tech style Read the Blog Post Code the Text ? = This answers question you have, or raises a new one. * = You’ve done or seen something like this. ! = You like this.  = This is not for you. After Reading • Return to your list of questions, and revise one last time. • Turn to a partner and share thoughts about and reactions to the video and blog post. With the full group: Share a new insight or question.
  11. 11. WHAT’S DIFFERENTABOUT COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION? Many things… One essential feature: Standards- or Performance Based Grading
  12. 12. Examples of Competency-Based Learning from the ―Real World‖ • A Law School Graduate who fails the Bar Exam • 2 times before passing it. • A Child learning to ride a bike.
  13. 13. Traditional Scoring Mastery-Based Scoring Jose’s Quiz #1 on Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry Feedback: What might a teacher say? Feedback: What might a teacher say?
  14. 14. Traditional Scoring Mastery-Based Scoring Jose’s Quiz #1 on Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry Feedback: You don’t seem to understand the material very well. Feedback: Most of this quiz was on standard 6NS2, and you demonstrated a perfect understanding of this. You need a bit more work on 6RP1 &2. Let’s work on G3 together.
  15. 15. The “Grades” of 4 Students using the traditional average system
  16. 16. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry What might a teacher say here? Here? Here?
  17. 17. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry You have a solid understanding of RP1 & 2. Let’s look for patterns in the errors you are making to see if there is a way to consolidate your mastery. We haven’t been working on G3 as long, you need some additional opportunities to gain mastery here. Your understanding here is actually strong. The error you made on the test was computational, not conceptual.
  18. 18. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry Using a traditional averaging approach, what would Jose now think about his level of math proficiency?
  19. 19. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry Using a traditional averaging approach, what would Jose now think about his level of math proficiency? (1) an overall average of 77%. (2) Little idea he has a weak understanding of G3. (3) Little idea of why he got a 40% on a quiz. (4) Little idea he has to really work on NS2.
  20. 20. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry In a Competency-Based System, schools have to define: (1) What Proficiency is: In Jose’s school, 75% on a standard is considered proficient. (2) How many times and in how many contexts a student has to achieve a 75%. At Jose’s school, the answer is 3.
  21. 21. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry In a Competency-Based System, schools have to define: (1) What Proficiency is: In Jose’s school, 75% on a standard is considered proficient. (2) How many times and in how many contexts a student has to achieve a 75%. At Jose’s school, the answer is 3. Using a competency- based approach, what would Jose now think about his level of math proficiency?
  22. 22. Jose’s “Grades:” Ratio/Proportions, Number Sense, & Geometry In a Competency-Based System, schools have to define: (1) What Proficiency Is: At Jose’s school, 75% on a standard is considered proficient. (2) How many times and in how many contexts a student has to achieve a 75%. At Jose’s school, the answer is 3. Using a competency-based approach, what would Jose now think about his level of math proficiency? (1) I have to show proficiency on RP1, RP2 and NS2one more time. (2) I I should be ready to show proficiency with RP1 & NS2. (3) I still have to work on G3, but I understand more now than I did at first. (4) I may be ready to show proficiency on RP2, since I hit proficiency on the final test.
  23. 23. DIGGING MORE DEEPLY INTO STANDARDS-BASED GRADING
  24. 24. Competency education isn't a classroom practice or an add-on program. Building upon state standards, it is a re-engineering of our education system around learning—a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPUqKp- n_hs&list=PL9C489399B851C548 Video: Rick Wormelli (from Marzno’s group)
  25. 25. ―In a proficiency system, failure or poor performance may be part of the student’s learning curve, but it is not an outcome.‖ – Proficiency-Based Instruction and Assessment, Oregon Education Roundtable http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=JFHf7jAfJlg Developing a culture of formative assessment: the role of immediate & concrete feed-back http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j duiAnm-O3w ―What’s the point of school if you can’t learn from your mistakes?‖ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =CkFWbC91PXQ
  26. 26. WHAT WOULD YOU NEED TO CONSIDER AT THE SCHOOL LEVEL? The Key Features of a Competency-Based System
  27. 27. In a Competency-Based System… • Students advance upon mastery. • Competencies include explicit, measurable, transferable learning objectives that empower students. • Assessment is meaningful and a positive learning experience. • Students receive timely, differentiated support. • Learning outcomes emphasize application and creation of knowledge, along with the development of important skills and dispositions. • --Chris Sturgis, CompetencyWorks • --Susan Patrick, iNACOL
  28. 28. Key Features of a Competency-Based System
  29. 29. Key Features Look at the Glossary of Terms: • Mark the terms that are familiar with a * • Mark the terms you have a question about with a ? • Write your questions on an index card. • We’ll collect the index cards, and as a group we’ll try to answer the questions together.
  30. 30. SCHOOL-BASED THINKING
  31. 31. In your School-Based Teams • Is Competency-based learning something you can imagine in your school given what we’ve explored today? • If yes, where might you begin? • With a small pilot of a few teachers? • What a design team working on several aspects of the system? • With some staff meetings to explore these ideas? • ?? • What steps would you need to take to move in this direction?
  32. 32. CLOSING REFLECTION 3 Things I Learned 2 Things I need to think/learn more about. 1 Thing I plan to do in the coming weeks.
  33. 33. Antonia Rudenstine antonia@redesignu.org 781.367.6457 http://www.redesignu.org

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