R&d jatropha results achieved


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BioVale Energia - results achieved with its research for Jatropha-curcas in partnership with UFV and Fapemig

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R&d jatropha results achieved

  1. 1. Jatropha-curcas:Innovative R&D project
  2. 2. Business focusBiovale Energia2Agronomy, ScienceSustainable plantation, social inclusionfor Oils Supply ProgramCollection of accessions – GermoplasmcollectionFMA for productivity and plant healthJatropha detoxification processMushroon productionIndustryJatropha planting to crude oilPlanting, maintenance andharvestingExpelling, preprocessing andlogisticsCrude oil saleswww.jatrophanetwork.ning.com|biovaleminas@gmail.com
  3. 3. Mycorrhizal germplasm reservoir of genetic diversity of mycorrhizal fungi ofMycorrhizal germplasm reservoir of genetic diversity of mycorrhizal fungi ofjatropha-curcas with high oil yielding for biodiesel productionGermoplasm collection of jatropha accessionsElimination of the toxicity of the meal]waste for livestock feedExecuting organization :R&D goals and stakeholdersBIOVALE ENERGIA – an emerging consulting biodiesel company based in theMinas Gerais State.Co-executing organizations:UFV -Federal University of Viçosa – DMB/BIOAGRO, benchmark in bio sciencesSECTES|FAPEMIG – Minas Gerais State Science and Technology SecretariatEPAMIG – EMPRESA DE PESQUISA DE AGROPECUÁRIA DE MINAS, national bench-mark in jatropha developmentCETEC - CENTRO TECNOLÓGICO DE MINAS GERAIS - CETEC
  4. 4. “Take joint actions and improve efforts to work together atall levels to improve access to reliable and affordable energyservices for sustainable development sufficient to facilitatethe achievement of the MDGs, including the Goal of halvingthe proportion of people in poverty by 2015, and as a meansto generate other important services that mitigate poverty,bearing in mind thatvisionvisionvisionvisionbearing in mind thataccess to energy facilitates the eradication of poverty”( Summit on Sustainable Development in theJohannesburg Plan of Implementation )“ We folks have to get out of the dry hinterland! But one only gets outof the dry hinterland is taking it over from inside...” (Guimarães Rosa)
  5. 5. As developing countries face increasing local demand for energy in ruralareas, they also must deal with both economic and environmentalpressure on agricultural lands in general.Growing energy crops such as Jatropha curcas L. has the potential toenable some smallholder farmers to cope with these pressures.challangeThe partnershipsshould be at theglobal level, at theglobal level, at thecountry level withnationalstakeholders andexternal partnersacting together, theprivate sector andcivil-societyinstitutionscollaborating tocreate conditionsthat emancipatepoor groups.But the fundamental partnership, and ultimatelythe only one that counts, is with the poorthemselves. They have the talents, the skills andthe knowledge of their own environment.
  6. 6. Jatropha is an underutilized, oil-bearing crop. It produces a seed thatcan be processed into non-polluting biodiesel that, if well exploited,can provide opportunities for good returns and rural developmentAlmost 2.5 billion people in developing countries earn their livelihoodsfrom agriculture. Of these, 900 million live below the poverty line ofUSD 1.00 a day. In addition, agriculture directly employs 1.3 billionpeople, or 40 percent of the global labour force, yet agriculture onlypotentialpeople, or 40 percent of the global labour force, yet agriculture onlycontributes around 4 percent of global GDP (some USD 1.6 trillion).This underscores the importance of biofuels in alleviating poverty.In 2008, jatropha was planted on an estimated 900 000 ha globally – 760 000ha (85 percent) in Asia, followed by Africa with 120 000 ha and Latin Americawith 20 000 ha. By 2015, forecasts suggest that jatropha will be planted on12.8 million ha. Brazil will be the largest producer in Latin America. (UN)
  7. 7. Biofuel productionhas becomesubstantially moreefficient over the last25 years as Brazil andthe United Stateshave scaled up theirindustries.New Technologies, New Gainshave scaled up theirindustries.Such incrementalgains are likely tocontinue for years tocome.However, the greatest potential for biofuels lies in theHowever, the greatest potential for biofuels lies in thedevelopment of new technologies that will significantlyexpand the range of biomass feedstock, increaseconversion efficiencies, and lower production costs.
  8. 8. Jatropha has been identified as one the best plantJatropha has been identified as one the best plantalternative to offer clean fuel for achieving energysecurity. Jatropha seeds inoculated with in vitro-raisedmycorrhiza exhibits early fruition and flowers fromthe 7th month onwards as against a year withconventional clonal plantations and two years fromseed raised plantations.More productivityThe mycorrhized Jatropha also exhibited 20%–30%higher yields as compared to non-mycorrhizalplantations.The mycorrhized Jatropha will be widely testedcovering several agro-climatic regions in Brazil toprove their adaptation in diverse soils.
  9. 9. The ROC (root organ culture) system is the mostattractive and advanced cultivation methodology forAM (arbuscular mycorrhizal ) fungi: it uses root-inducing transfer-DNA-transformed roots of a hostMass inoculum technologyinducing transfer-DNA-transformed roots of a hostplant to develop the symbiosis on a specific medium invitro which provides pure, viable, contamination-freeinoculum using reduced space.BioVale R&D Project aims at gaining expertise in ROCfor in vitro culture and utilize mass production of AMfungi under in vitro.
  10. 10. Documentation, preservation and characterization of J.curcas and mycorrhizal fungi germplasmDevelopment of micropropagated plants inoculated ofROC (Root Organ Culture) of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)fungi and their in vitro mass inoculum productionExpected resultsROC (Root Organ Culture) of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)fungi and their in vitro mass inoculum productionSelection of jatropha genotypes with high oil yielding,envisaging the biodiesel productionToxicity elimination of the waste for animal feedUtilization and reclamation of industry created wastelands
  11. 11. It exists a wide diversity within the AM fungi which form associationwith the roots of almost 80% plant species and enhance mineralnutrient acquisition and water uptake, as well as increase tolerancetowards different environmental stresses conditions.To conserve and exploit their diversity, BioVale Project contemplatesto build J. curcas and mycorrhizal fungi culture depository houses andmaintain cultures from different agro-ecological zones, in differentResults achievedResults achievedResults achievedResults achievedmaintain cultures from different agro-ecological zones, in differentareas of Brazil.Three localities were selected: Florestal, Viçosa and Janaúba.The expected result is to trap isolate a variety of J. curcas andpolysporal/monosporal cultures, setting up a J. curcas and mycorrhizalfungi germplasm collection of genetic diversity of agriculturally andindustrially species for oil production . 46 accessions werecharacterized.We identified19 FMA especies in the rizosphere of jatropha.
  12. 12. One of the main challenges that mankind will be facing during this centurywill be the necessity to drastically increase animal production levels andproductivity in order to fulfill the feeding demands of a growing worldpopulation.J. curcas is a multipurpose tree of significant economic importance becauseof its several industrial and medical uses. Jatropha grows throughout most ofthe tropics. It survives on poor stony soils and is resistant to drought, reachesa height from 3 m to 8 m and can be used to reclaim land. The seed weighsJatropha challengea height from 3 m to 8 m and can be used to reclaim land. The seed weighsapproximately from 0.53 -0.86 g and its kernel contains 22 -27 % protein and57 -63 % lipid indicating good nutritional value.The oil from these seeds can serve as fuel for diese! engines, indicating itspotential as a renewable energy source . The potential impact is immense forcountries with no indigenous fossil fuel or for regions remote from a source ofsupply. Furthermore, use of biodiescl is friendly to the environment.However, the seed and oil have been found to be toxic to. Hence, its use as afood or feed source is presently limited.
  13. 13. Most of the physical and chemical treatments being proposed so farhave not been able to definitively decrease the levels of these toxiccompounds.Treatment of J. curcas seed cake by solid-state incubation with white-rot fungi is able to promote the decrease of phorbol esters content tonon-toxic levels, showing that this might be an alternative treatmentDetoxification routesnon-toxic levels, showing that this might be an alternative treatmentwith future potential.White-rot fungal basidiomycetes are known for their ability to degradea wide range of xenobiotics, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,polychlorinated biphenyls and synthetic dyes due to their enzymaticsystems.The development of a biological approach to treat J. curcas seed cakeis an environmentally sound and a more economical process.
  14. 14. Enzymatic complexes produced by white-rot fungi have also anenormous potential to be used in the treatment of fibrous feedstuffsimproving its nutritive value through the sequential degradation ofcertain refractory cell wall components .The selected white rot fungi used for the research showed greatbiological productivity and efficiency for the production of edibleResults achievedResults achievedResults achievedResults achievedbiological productivity and efficiency for the production of ediblemushrooms grown in the jatropha-curcas cake, adding more value tothe chain.END RESULT: after assessing the nutritional value and the security for feedingLivestock (caprines) in different levels of itake in the growth diet, the resultsobtained from the treatment with white-rot fungi eliminated anti-nutritionalcompounds and is recommended to use the treated cake up to 20 % intakePATENT DEPOSITED AT THE BRAZILIAN PROPRIETARY INDUSTRIAL REGISTRY
  15. 15. Next phaseNext phaseNext phaseNext phaseSetting up a prototype at the University for industrial scale upSetting up a prototype at the University for industrial scale upSetting up a prototype at the University for industrial scale upSetting up a prototype at the University for industrial scale up