Biovale your biodiesel projects in brazil pdf


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Biovale your biodiesel projects in brazil pdf

  2. 2. OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESR&DR&Dresearchresearch by-productsby-products agricultureagriculture industryindustryPRODUCTIVE CHAINPRODUCTIVE CHAIN Planting 60.000 hectaresof jatropha curcas on firstphase in the North of M.Geraisand along piping systems. expelling systemsTransesterification Planting 60.000 hectaresof jatropha curcas on firstphase in the North of M.Geraisand along piping systems. expelling systemsTransesterification Technological developmentof highly yielding oleaginous(jatropha curcas) forbiodiesel production andenvironment protection by-products utilization
  3. 3. OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESby-prodcutsby-prodcuts agricultureagriculture industryindustryresearchresearch The R&D project of Biovale envisages achieving cost-effective, environmentalfriendly alternatives to ensure higher plant productivity in marginal lands,unproductive lands, reclaimed lands and wastelands created by the industry. The use of a beneficial group of micro-organisms, known as mycorrhizal fungi,which form an association with the roots of higher plants Thrust areas: Documentation, preservation and characterization of mycorrhizal germplasm Development of ROC (Root Organ Culture) of different arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM)fungi and their in vitro mass inoculum productionBio-diesel Utilization and reclamation of industry created wastelands
  4. 4. Jatropha, the energy plant has been well identifiedtowards offering clean fuel for achieving energy security.Jatropha seeds inoculated with in vitro- raised mycorrhizaexhibits early fruition and flowering from the 7th monthonwards as against a year with conventional clonalplantations and two years from seed raised plantations.The mycorrhized Jatropha also exhibited 20%–30% higheryields as compared to non-mycorrhizal plantations.Proved to be well adaptable in diverse wastelands(marginal lands, fly ash dykes, chlor alkali sludge-loadedwastelands, distillery effluent loaded wastelands, solardrying lagoons, nutritionally stressed soils, effluentgenerated from soft drink producers and several othercooperate plantations, etc.).the mycorrhized Jatropha benefits
  5. 5. Although the facts and figures of potential role of mycorrhizalassociation in enhanced nutritional and water needs of plants inlaboratories, the major bottleneck for its widespread application toreach the end-users is its bulk production to cater the hugerequirement.A known fact that culturing mycorrhizal fungi in laboratoryconditions like other microbes was not possible due to its strictbiotrophic nature of proliferation in the presence of suitable host hasbeen the major reservation of its future contribution in agriculture.The mass inoculum technology envisages to exploit the geneticallymodified host roots using the Agrobacteriumum rhizogenes carryingRi T-DNA plasmid. The technology offers the mass production ofviable, healthy, genetically pure and high quality fungal propagules,without any pathogenic contamination under in vitro environment.the challenge
  6. 6. Biofuel productionhas becomesubstantially moreefficient over the last25 years as Brazil andthe United Stateshave scaled up theirindustries.Such incrementalgains are likely tocontinue for years tocome.New Technologies, New GainsHowever, the greatest potential for biofuels lies in thedevelopment of new technologies that will significantlyexpand the range of biomass feedstock, increaseconversion efficiencies, and lower production costs.
  7. 7. DESCRIÇÃOSUMÁRIAOBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESby-productsby-products agricultureagriculture industryindustryresearchresearch Usage of jatropha residues after oil expelling for production of animal feed stock andmushrooms.- To assess the compost of the residue and evaluate the potential of the usage of appriatefungus in the elimination of toxicity of the residues for further utilization as animal feedstock and production of edible mushrooms.- The bioconversion would convert the residue, currently considered toxic and used only asbiofertilizer, in products of highly added value. Usage of glycerin for production of various industrial products as pharmaceutical andfood stuff.
  8. 8. Increasing added value of the residue J. curcas and glycerin after bio-diesel productionThe seed kernels are rich in crude protein, CP (31–34.5%) and lipid (55–58%).The neutral detergent fibre contents of extracted J. curcas meals werebetween 3.9% and 4.5 % of dry matter (DM). The gross energy of kernelsranged from 31.1 to 31.6 MJ/kg DM. The contents of starch and total solublesugars were below 6 %. The levels of essential amino acids, except lysine,were higher than that of the FAO/WHO reference protein for a five year oldchild in all the meal samples on a dry matter basis. At least, 30 to 50 % isresidue after oil extraction and 10 % is glycerin.The ordinary use of this residue is as soil organic fertilizer after compostingas it possesses a compound known as phorbol, which is toxic to animals.Thus, the R&D aims at studying not only the composting process of J. curcasresidues but also to evaluate the detoxification potential of white rot fungifor mushroom and animal meal production.Another problematic residue from bio-diesel industry is glycerin, which theresearch envisages to transform it in propionic acid and 1,3-propanodiol,using a specific group of bacteria. Propionic acid and 1,3-propanodiol thatare important products to be added to animal meal for enhance milk andmeet production of ruminant.adding value to the chain
  9. 9. The great challenge is to warrant the plantation in large scale, complying with theminimum requirements set forth in the Brazilian regulations and internationalstandards.Organizing a broad productive chain, aiming at securing the competitiveness of thesmall production and consequential access to tax, financial and fiscal incentives tomake the project economically viable.The dimensions of the domestic market, imposed by laws, turns imperative thearticulation of the various stakeholders in Brazil and abroad.The main path for the economic feasibility and large scale production is the finding ofcheaper and more yielding oil raw-materials/oleaginous and a higher productivity perplanted area.Critical point is the need to make compatible the productive gains in all stages of theproductive chain, considering that the industrial costs and gains are relatively small(about 15 to 20%).Therefore, emphasis should be given on the agronomic researchsecuring uniform and high yielding oil feed-stock and addingvalue to the by-products as proposed by the BioVale Project.cultivating challenges
  10. 10. DESCRIÇÃOSUMÁRIAOBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESby-procuctsby-procucts agricultureagriculture industryindustryresearchresearch Setting up 30.000 hectares of jatropha curcas plantation in 35municipalities in the poorest regions of Minas Gerais State (North andJequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys. Production of 44.000 tons yearly of raw vegetable oil to supplybiodiesel plants in the vicinity (PETROBRAS, Montes Claro city) Production of 44.000 tons yearly of raw vegetable oil along pipingsystems to Rio de Janeiro to export recuperation of wasted and reclaimed lands with mycorrhized jatrophaplantation
  11. 11. The yields of currently used biofuel feedstock vary widely. Jatrophaseeds have proven advantageous in several spheres.Perennial crops of Jatropha Curcas will be used to protect lands that arevulnerable to erosion and to restore lands degraded by grazing.Jatropha curcas: the feedstock
  12. 12. Jatropha is identified under the physical-chemical platform ofbiomass energy conversion route. It is a drought-resistantperennial, living up to 50 years and growing on marginal soils(HENNING, 1996).The remote rural communities of the Brazilian semi-arid in droughtregions will be able to address their energy needs using theJatropha resource.The Jatropha Curcas was especially selected because the plant isnot an invasive species (GÜBITZ ET AL., 1999) and permits thegrowth of other plants in its vicinity, so it does not negativelyaffect the ecosystem.Jatropha curcas: the feedstockThe results of the researches developed by EPAMIG, the StateAgriculture R&D entity, in the 80´and the preliminary current( 2004/2006) results attest the potentiality of the jatropha curcascultivation in the semi-arid region
  13. 13. Comparison of the Physico-chemical Propertiesof Diesel and Jatropha Oilwith the exception of their solidifying points, flash points andpercentage of sulphur, Jatropha oil is very comparable to diesel oil. Theminute amount of sulphur present in the biofuel is environmentallypreferable to that of diesel as sulphur dioxide emissions from the biofuelare very low. Biodiesel has a higher cetane rating than diesel, whichimproves engine performance.Parameter Diesel JatrophaEnergy Content (MJ/kg) 42.6-45.0 39.6-41.8Specific weight (15/400C) 0.84-0.85 0.91-0.92Solidifying point (0C) -14.0 2.0Flash point (0C) 80 110-240Cetane value 47.8 51.0Sulphur (%) 1.0-1.2 0.13Source:Schrimpff, 2002).physico-chemical properties
  14. 14. OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESBy-productsBy-products agricultureagriculture industryindustryresearchresearch Installation of des-centralized plants for oil expelling and usageof by products by means of mechanical extraction. Commercialization of raw vegetal oil for biodiesel plants andinvestments in transesterification industries Collection and conversion of recycled oil into biodiesel incosmopolitan cities in Brazil
  16. 16. The model was designed to grant total or partial federal taxes exemptions (CIDE, PIS/PASEP andCOFINS) applying to fuels for biodiesel producers that support family farming, in order to allow forcompliance with the basic guiding principles of the Brazilian Biodiesel Program. The objective is thepromotion of social inclusion and reduction of regional inequalities through the generation of jobsand income in the poorest sectors of Brazilian agriculture. The model is based on the followingassumption: Federal taxation on biodiesel should never exceed those on fossil diesel. However, biodieselproducers that acquire raw material from family farmers, anywhere in Brazil, are eligible toreduction of up to 68% in federal taxes. If these purchases are made from family-based producers ofpalm oil in the North Region, or of castor oil in the Northeast and in the Semi-Arid Region, thereduction may reach 100%. If the raw material and the regions are the same, but if producers are not family farmers, themaximum reduction is of 31%. In order to qualify for these tax benefits, biodiesel producers have tohold a certificate: the Social Fuel Label. The Social Fuel Label is a certificate issued to biodiesel producers that purchase raw materials fromfamily farmers within minimum limits that vary according to the region, and which meet theadditional requirements mentioned below. As provided by Normative Instructions MDA 01 and 02, of2005, the Social Fuel Label is issued by the Ministry of Agrarian Development (MDA) to biodieselproducers authorized by the Brazilian legislation to produce and sell this new fuel provided that theymeet the following requirements:a) To purchase minimum percentages of raw materials from family farmers, 10% from regions Northand Mid-West; 30% from the South and Southeast and 50% from the Northeast and the Semi-AridRegion; andb) To enter into contracts with family farmers establishing deadlines and conditions of delivery ofthe raw material and the respective prices, and to provide them with technical assistance.incentives
  17. 17. There are funding lines with reduced financial charges and longer grace and amortisationperiods for the entire biodiesel value chain, encompassing investments in equipment andindustrial plants and loans for the planting of raw material for the production of biodiesel.These loans are granted by official banks with funds from the National Bank of Economic andSocial Development (BNDES), from the National Program for the Strengthening of FamilyFarming (Pronaf) and from other sources.Given the economic attractiveness of the production of biodiesel, other credit institutions arefunding or planning to fund links of the biodiesel value chain, such as Banco do Brasil, with theBB-Biodiesel line of credit, and other official banks and national and foreign private banksThe federal incentive resources and financing funds to technological development is anotherimportant instrument within the PNPB. These incentives include the selection of raw materialsaccording to the different regional soil and climate characteristics, one of the most importantaspects, due to the diversity of oleaginous plants and to the fact that they represent about 75%of biodiesel production costs.Another important component is the development and/or improvement of more efficientindustrial production processes and tests in engines and components with different proportionsof biodiesel for supporting the use of biodiesel-diesel mixes in percentages above 5% in thenear future.New uses and applications for the co-products of the production of biodiesel (particularlyanimal-feed products and glycerine) also receive technological development lines
  18. 18. Basic requirements to producebiodiesel in Brazil:To obtain authorization from ANP (compliance with Resolution41/2004) for a full list of obtain registration with the Federal Inland Revenue Secretariat(SRF) of the Ministry of Finance, pursuant to Law 11.116/2005,and Normative Instruction SRF 516/2005.Companies willing to receive the tax benefits associated to socialinclusion and to regional development (generation of jobs andincome for family farmers, particularly in the most poor regions ofthe Country), must additionally obtain the Social Fuel requirements
  19. 19. Law 11.097, 2005: defines biodiesel as a new fuel in the Brazilian energy matrix, establishes amandatory mix of 2% starting from January, 2005 and of 5% in January, 2013, all over the nationalterritory. I grants ANP (National Oil Agency) the competence to regulate and supervise theproduction and commercialization of biofuels.Law 11.116, 2005: defines the federal tax model applicable to biodiesel (exemption or reduction ofCIDE, PIS/PASEP and COFINS, according to region, type of producer and oleaginous raw material).Normative Instructions SRF 516, 2005, and 628, 2006, which establish, respectively, conditions forthe registration of biodiesel producers and importers and a special regime for the calculation andpayment of federal taxes PIS/PASEP and COFINS.Executive Order 5.448, 2005: establishes at 2% the percentage of the mix of biodiesel andauthorizes higher percentages for use in generators, train engines, boats and captive vehicle fleets.Normative Instructions MDA 01, 2005 (establishes criteria and procedures for granting the use ofthe Social Fuel Label) and MDA # 02, 2005 (establishes criteria and procedures for including projectsof biodiesel production in the mechanism of the Social Fuel Stamp).ANP Resolutions: Resolution 41, 2004, which deals with biodiesel producers, and Resolution 42,2004, which deals with the commercialization and inspection of biodiesel.Resolution BNDES 1.135/2004: Creates the Program of Financial Support for Investments inBiodiesel, which provides financing for all stages of the productive chain (the program funds up to90% of projects having the Social Fuel Label and up to 80% for convencional projects).Brazilian legal framework
  20. 20. Managers:Gilberto Ciro – gilbertociro@biovale.ind.brMobile 55-31-87927042Elisio Baraçal – elisiobaracal@biovale.ind.brMobile 55-31-9662-1147