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Lisa Tobe_Opportunity Dividend Summit


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Lisa Tobe_Opportunity Dividend Summit

  1. 1. Food Security and Poverty Reduction<br />A social justice approach<br />
  2. 2. Poverty<br />A recent authoritative definition of poverty is to be found in the OECD Development Action Committee’s (DAC) Guidelines on Poverty Reduction (OECD (2001)), which state that:<br />“Poverty encompasses different dimensions of deprivation that relate to human capabilities including consumption and food security, health, education, rights, voice, security, dignity and decent work.” (OECD (2001), p. 8)<br />
  3. 3. Definitions<br />Food security “Access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food security includes at a minimum: (1) the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods, and (2) an assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.”<br />Food insecurity “Limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.”<br />
  4. 4. Food Insecurity – National Statistics<br />Of the 35 million food-insecure people in the United States in 2005, 12.4million were children younger than 18 years. <br />As with poverty, subpopulations with the highest prevalence of household food insecurity are: <br /><ul><li>Blacks -22.4%
  5. 5. Latinos -17.9%
  6. 6. households w/children younger than 6 -16.7%
  7. 7. and single-mother households 30.8%)</li></li></ul><li>Food insecurity, poverty and poor health outcomes.<br />POVERTY CREATES POOR HEALTH, POOR HEALTH CREATES POVERTY –<br />FOOD SECURITY IS AN INTERVENING FACTOR<br />
  8. 8. -- Dr. David Williams<br />The Choices of Individuals Are Limited by the Environments in Which They Live. <br />
  9. 9. Food Deserts<br />
  10. 10. Food Security Options<br />Create incentives for local farmers <br />Increase the use of community gardens<br />Provide access to EBT machines at Farmer’s Markets and CSA programs so that SNAP and WIC participants can purchase healthy food.<br />Attract new grocery stores to low income neighborhoods.<br />Support existing stores to offer healthy food options<br />
  11. 11. Attracting Grocery Stores<br />Improved access to healthy foods can improve the local residents’ health, reduce health inequities, create & retain jobs, improve local economic development & generate increased tax revenue. <br />These efforts can help transform underserved communities into communities of choice and opportunity.<br />
  12. 12. Support Existing Stores<br />
  13. 13. Reduce the risk, and the costs, for small stores <br />Community groups can encourage small stores to increase shelf space for fresh produce by:<br /><ul><li> documenting unmet demand,
  14. 14. subsidizing additional costs,
  15. 15. providing managers with tips to help them buy, sell and display produce
  16. 16. providing low cost loans 
  17. 17. supporting facade up-dates and
  18. 18. assisting with marketing. </li></li></ul><li>Pick the right retailer <br /> Improvement efforts are most successful when merchants are genuinely receptive to selling healthier products and willing to invest to improve long-term viability. <br />
  19. 19. Increase and capitalize on customer spending power<br />Promote resident participation in nutrition assistance programs to bolster the purchasing power of local residents, <br />Ensure that retailers accept WIC and SNAP benefit cards. <br />Community organizations can promote stores that offer healthier food.<br />
  20. 20. Connect stores with government resources<br />Financial and technical assistance for small businesses can be targeted to small-scale retailers in low-income communities who are willing to improve their selection of healthy foods. <br />Local economic development and health departments may also be able to support these efforts. <br /> <br />
  21. 21. Center for Health Equity<br />Lisa Tobe, MPH, Director<br /><br />502-574-6616, 502-574-8045<br />2422 W. Chestnut Street<br />Louisville, KY 40205<br /><br />