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Basidiomycota

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Bio1 Sampaguita 2013

Basidiomycota

  1. 1. <ul><li>Kristine Larissa B. Yu </li></ul><ul><li>Lilibeth Klarysse D.Domingo </li></ul><ul><li>Katrina A. Abenojar </li></ul><ul><li>David Marco M. Magpantay </li></ul><ul><li>Kyle Maxinne R. Romero </li></ul><ul><li>Kryzsa Mae P. Cabeguin </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Basidiomycetes – Club Fungi </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Saprophytes- feed on dead / decaying organic matter </li></ul><ul><li>Parasites- live on within a host who is its food source </li></ul><ul><li>Has a basidium – produced in basidiocarps </li></ul><ul><li>Basidiospores/ sporidia </li></ul><ul><li>- born outside the basidium </li></ul><ul><li>- usually uninucleate and 4 in number, rarely binucleate </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Septate Mycellium- with binucleate cells forming clamp connections </li></ul><ul><li>Chitinous cell walls </li></ul><ul><li>All basidiomycetes are composed of masses of hyphae. </li></ul><ul><li>The perfect stage is when the basidium bears basidiospores. </li></ul>
  5. 8. CLAMP CONNECTION
  6. 9. <ul><li>SMUTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>belong to the order Ustilaginales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>able to complete their life cycle with only a single host </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spread to infest the whole plant from an initial infection spot </li></ul></ul>corn smut ( Ustilago myadis )
  7. 10. <ul><li>RUSTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>belong to the order Uredinales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complicated life cycles which involve the infection of two different plant species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>five spore stages </li></ul></ul>stem rust (Puccinia graminis) on wheat stem and leaves
  8. 11. <ul><li>MUSHROOMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spore-bearing fruit bodies of fungi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>basidiospores produced on the gills </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>OTHER EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puffballs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stinkhorns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jelly Fungi </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>edible Basidiomycetes </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. pizza mushrooms ( Agaricus bisporus ) </li></ul><ul><li>shiitake mushrooms ( Lentinula edodes ) </li></ul><ul><li>Basidiomycota extract </li></ul><ul><li>-Used to make Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC) </li></ul><ul><li>-Have a toxic effect on cancer cells </li></ul><ul><li>-Prevents Trypanothione </li></ul><ul><li>-Does not harm our PMBCs or Peripheral Blood Mononuclear cells </li></ul><ul><li>-Fights other hard-to-fight diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Leishmaniasis </li></ul><ul><li>-PSK (Basidiomycete-derived protein bound polysaccharide </li></ul><ul><li>- Medecine to stop Liver metatesis of cancer </li></ul>356 357
  11. 14. <ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>Dimorphic form can cause diseases or infections on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Other fungi </li></ul></ul>356 357 Ex. Cryptococcus neoformans Ustilago maydis
  12. 15. Unknown author. Mushrooms. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mushrooms Unknown author. The Rusts and Smuts. Retrieved from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/wong/BOT135/2009/Lec ture07/Lect08.htm Kendrick, B. The Fifth Kingdom. Waterloo, Ontario: Mycologue Publications, 1985. Simpson, B.B., and M.C. Ogrorzaly. Economic Botany: Plants in Our World. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986. Moore-Landecker, E. (1972). Fundamentals of the Fungi. New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall. Gupta, J.S. (1981). Textbook of Fungi. New Delhi, India: Dhawan Printing Works. Unknown Author. Evolution of Fungi. Retrieved from h ighered.mcgraw- hill.com/sites/dl/free/0072919345/63796/co23.pdf

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