Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies? [Andrew Stirling]


Published on

Andrew Stirling presents his insights from cognitive technologies in terms of the larger European context. This presentation also covers recent and ongoing trials in the U.S and Scotland.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies? [Andrew Stirling]

  1. 1. Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies?<br />An overview<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Pressure for change<br />Europe responds<br />Regulators<br />Industry<br />Academia<br />Need for a more nimble framework<br />Next steps for CT<br />Trials<br />CT – European overview<br />
  3. 3. Market demand: the dash for data<br />User interaction<br />Machine to Machine<br />Cloud computing<br />Ad-hoc<br />Image:<br />BBC News - Morph phone<br />CT – European overview<br />
  4. 4. The dash for data<br />European consumers are adopting wireless data rapidly, to the extent that it is displacing fixed connections for some<br />A powerful array of new devices and services will broaden the appeal of wireless data access still further<br />Ad-hoc connectivity is growing in importance<br />CT – European overview<br />
  5. 5. Policy demands are growing<br />European digital agenda<br />Inclusion<br />EU’s Competitive Position<br />European Spectrum Policy Programme<br />Innovation<br />Sustainability<br />Smart energy<br />CT – European overview<br />
  6. 6. Spectrum is key to meeting policy objectives and consumer demand<br />So we should seek to make more capacity available for new applications and better<br />But clearing spectrum is expensive and slow, so we need more emphasis on sharing <br />Tapping as much unused capacity as possible<br />Allowing cognitive technologies to be deployed to achieve this<br />CT – European overview<br />
  7. 7. Industry is responding<br />Industry is investing significant sums in new wireless technologies – including cognitive technologies (CT)<br />Europe’s FP7 programme has significant sums allocated for CT<br />A number of key industry players are investing in CT, in Europe (MS, BT, Philips, NXP ..)<br />There are a number of academic centres of excellence<br />CT – European overview<br />
  8. 8. Regulators have started to recognise the need to take CT onboard<br />Fears and uncertainties have held back introduction of cognitive technologies<br />But CT is now firmly on the agenda, in<br />RSPG – CR task group under way<br />CEPT –<br />CR task group<br />WG SE43<br />WG RA<br />ETSI TC RRS (Reconfigurable Radio System).<br />CT – European overview<br />
  9. 9. Which administrations are backing cognitive technologies<br />UK<br />Sweden<br />Finland<br />Others following, with interest<br />Ireland<br />France<br />Germany<br />CT – European overview<br />
  10. 10. European Industry<br />BT - Martlesham<br />Ericsson<br />MS Research – Aachen, Cambridge<br />Nokia – Finland, US<br />NXP – Netherlands, France<br />Philips – US Lab.<br />Femto players + Green Radio <br />Alcatel-Lucent<br />NEC <br />CT – European overview<br />
  11. 11. European Universities<br />A selection of leading academic groups includes:<br />Trinity College, Dublin<br />Aachen University<br />UK: Bristol, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Strathclyde, Surrey, UCL<br />...???<br />CT – European overview<br />
  12. 12. CT - What’s in the box?<br />Cognitive technologies provide a powerful array of tools that allow us to get more value from spectrum<br />Geolocation, which allows regulation to be tuned to local conditions<br />Spectrum sensing, where much of the European focus has been until recently<br />CT – European overview<br />
  13. 13. Geolocation<br />Geolocation / Database allows regulators to enable much better use of spectrum<br />Rural areas can enjoy the dividend!<br />Provides certainty, which is good for consumers, as well as incumbents<br />Needs a database service(s)<br />May use a combination of position sensing technologies<br />Sufficient in itself for TVWS applications – no spectrum sensing is needed<br />Lives happily with fragmentation<br />CT – European overview<br />
  14. 14. Spectrum sensing – R&D challenges<br />The fragmented market makes it difficult to use sensing by itself<br />Regulatory caution and incumbent pressure are forcing ultra-low sensing levels<br />Co-operative and hybrid approaches could enhance sensing performance<br />New avoidance techniques allow rapid response e.g. to a new PMSE user<br />CT – European overview<br />
  15. 15. Worldwide view: how does Europe stack up on CT<br />Key challenges are similar to other regions<br />Greater fragmentation – we’re far from the single market<br />Regulation not fully converged<br />Power incumbents resisting change effectively<br />Asian countries are investing heavily in CT<br />The US has a strong wireless technology base and is motivated by the FCC’s position<br />CT – European overview<br />
  16. 16. Need for a more nimble framework<br />Wireless technology is evolving rapidly<br />Need for a more flexible way of accessing spectrum, to ensure that innovation is not blocked<br />Need to encourage a diversity of investment in infrastructure<br />More emphasis on technology and service neutrality<br />Less tying down ....<br />CT – European overview<br />
  17. 17. Next steps for CT<br />TV white spaces are the first major opportunities to apply CT, with some significant potential wins<br />UK enabling framework – early 2011<br />European regulation - ?<br />ITU WRC – hard work!<br />Meanwhile .... Trials are underway<br />CT – European overview<br />
  18. 18. Trials<br />
  19. 19. TV white spaces network trials<br />Redmond, USA<br />Research ‘White-Fi’ network established on Microsoft’s campus<br />Mesh topology, exhibits rapid adaptation to changing UHF channel availability<br />Claudville, USA<br />Small, deeply rural community now have broadband for the first time<br />White spaces provides cost effective access distribution, from central fibre hub<br />CT – European overview<br />
  20. 20. TV white spaces network trials<br />Wilmington, NC, USA<br />Lighting management, water monitoring<br />Muni Wi-Fi + school access<br />Pulmas, CA. USA<br />Smart energy solution using distributed wireless sensors<br />South West Scotland<br />Wind-Fi – sustainable rural broadband<br />CT – European overview<br />
  21. 21. Pubic safety trial – in preparation<br />Ad-hoc networking can be a power tool in emergency response<br />Already proved in a fleet of fire-trucks in NL at 2.4 GHz<br />Longer range and spectrum capacity-on-demand would be a major boost<br />CT – European overview<br />
  22. 22. Summary<br />Europe has some excellent CT research programmes under way<br />Consumers are lapping up wireless connectivity<br />European governments and regulators need to wake up to the opportunities from greater sharing of spectrum, thanks to advances in CT<br />CT – European overview<br />
  23. 23. Thank you!!<br />My email:<br />The need for a more nimble spectrum framework<br />