Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies? [Andrew Stirling]

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Andrew Stirling presents his insights from cognitive technologies in terms of the larger European context. This presentation also covers recent and ongoing trials in the U.S and Scotland.

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Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies? [Andrew Stirling]

  1. 1. Is Europe ready for cognitive technologies?<br />An overview<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Pressure for change<br />Europe responds<br />Regulators<br />Industry<br />Academia<br />Need for a more nimble framework<br />Next steps for CT<br />Trials<br />CT – European overview<br />
  3. 3. Market demand: the dash for data<br />User interaction<br />Machine to Machine<br />Cloud computing<br />Ad-hoc<br />Image:<br />BBC News - Morph phone<br />CT – European overview<br />
  4. 4. The dash for data<br />European consumers are adopting wireless data rapidly, to the extent that it is displacing fixed connections for some<br />A powerful array of new devices and services will broaden the appeal of wireless data access still further<br />Ad-hoc connectivity is growing in importance<br />CT – European overview<br />
  5. 5. Policy demands are growing<br />European digital agenda<br />Inclusion<br />EU’s Competitive Position<br />European Spectrum Policy Programme<br />Innovation<br />Sustainability<br />Smart energy<br />CT – European overview<br />
  6. 6. Spectrum is key to meeting policy objectives and consumer demand<br />So we should seek to make more capacity available for new applications and better<br />But clearing spectrum is expensive and slow, so we need more emphasis on sharing <br />Tapping as much unused capacity as possible<br />Allowing cognitive technologies to be deployed to achieve this<br />CT – European overview<br />
  7. 7. Industry is responding<br />Industry is investing significant sums in new wireless technologies – including cognitive technologies (CT)<br />Europe’s FP7 programme has significant sums allocated for CT<br />A number of key industry players are investing in CT, in Europe (MS, BT, Philips, NXP ..)<br />There are a number of academic centres of excellence<br />CT – European overview<br />
  8. 8. Regulators have started to recognise the need to take CT onboard<br />Fears and uncertainties have held back introduction of cognitive technologies<br />But CT is now firmly on the agenda, in<br />RSPG – CR task group under way<br />CEPT –<br />CR task group<br />WG SE43<br />WG RA<br />ETSI TC RRS (Reconfigurable Radio System).<br />CT – European overview<br />
  9. 9. Which administrations are backing cognitive technologies<br />UK<br />Sweden<br />Finland<br />Others following, with interest<br />Ireland<br />France<br />Germany<br />CT – European overview<br />
  10. 10. European Industry<br />BT - Martlesham<br />Ericsson<br />MS Research – Aachen, Cambridge<br />Nokia – Finland, US<br />NXP – Netherlands, France<br />Philips – US Lab.<br />Femto players + Green Radio <br />Alcatel-Lucent<br />NEC <br />CT – European overview<br />
  11. 11. European Universities<br />A selection of leading academic groups includes:<br />Trinity College, Dublin<br />Aachen University<br />UK: Bristol, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Strathclyde, Surrey, UCL<br />...???<br />CT – European overview<br />
  12. 12. CT - What’s in the box?<br />Cognitive technologies provide a powerful array of tools that allow us to get more value from spectrum<br />Geolocation, which allows regulation to be tuned to local conditions<br />Spectrum sensing, where much of the European focus has been until recently<br />CT – European overview<br />
  13. 13. Geolocation<br />Geolocation / Database allows regulators to enable much better use of spectrum<br />Rural areas can enjoy the dividend!<br />Provides certainty, which is good for consumers, as well as incumbents<br />Needs a database service(s)<br />May use a combination of position sensing technologies<br />Sufficient in itself for TVWS applications – no spectrum sensing is needed<br />Lives happily with fragmentation<br />CT – European overview<br />
  14. 14. Spectrum sensing – R&D challenges<br />The fragmented market makes it difficult to use sensing by itself<br />Regulatory caution and incumbent pressure are forcing ultra-low sensing levels<br />Co-operative and hybrid approaches could enhance sensing performance<br />New avoidance techniques allow rapid response e.g. to a new PMSE user<br />CT – European overview<br />
  15. 15. Worldwide view: how does Europe stack up on CT<br />Key challenges are similar to other regions<br />Greater fragmentation – we’re far from the single market<br />Regulation not fully converged<br />Power incumbents resisting change effectively<br />Asian countries are investing heavily in CT<br />The US has a strong wireless technology base and is motivated by the FCC’s position<br />CT – European overview<br />
  16. 16. Need for a more nimble framework<br />Wireless technology is evolving rapidly<br />Need for a more flexible way of accessing spectrum, to ensure that innovation is not blocked<br />Need to encourage a diversity of investment in infrastructure<br />More emphasis on technology and service neutrality<br />Less tying down ....<br />CT – European overview<br />
  17. 17. Next steps for CT<br />TV white spaces are the first major opportunities to apply CT, with some significant potential wins<br />UK enabling framework – early 2011<br />European regulation - ?<br />ITU WRC – hard work!<br />Meanwhile .... Trials are underway<br />CT – European overview<br />
  18. 18. Trials<br />
  19. 19. TV white spaces network trials<br />Redmond, USA<br />Research ‘White-Fi’ network established on Microsoft’s campus<br />Mesh topology, exhibits rapid adaptation to changing UHF channel availability<br />Claudville, USA<br />Small, deeply rural community now have broadband for the first time<br />White spaces provides cost effective access distribution, from central fibre hub<br />CT – European overview<br />
  20. 20. TV white spaces network trials<br />Wilmington, NC, USA<br />Lighting management, water monitoring<br />Muni Wi-Fi + school access<br />Pulmas, CA. USA<br />Smart energy solution using distributed wireless sensors<br />South West Scotland<br />Wind-Fi – sustainable rural broadband<br />CT – European overview<br />
  21. 21. Pubic safety trial – in preparation<br />Ad-hoc networking can be a power tool in emergency response<br />Already proved in a fleet of fire-trucks in NL at 2.4 GHz<br />Longer range and spectrum capacity-on-demand would be a major boost<br />CT – European overview<br />
  22. 22. Summary<br />Europe has some excellent CT research programmes under way<br />Consumers are lapping up wireless connectivity<br />European governments and regulators need to wake up to the opportunities from greater sharing of spectrum, thanks to advances in CT<br />CT – European overview<br />
  23. 23. Thank you!!<br />My email: v-anstir@microsoft.com<br />The need for a more nimble spectrum framework<br />

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