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  1. 1. 1 Table 1. Different aspects of CALL in structural, cognitive, and sociocognitive framework Theoretical Structure Cognitive Sociocognitive Framework History of Mainframes Personal Network computer computer computers development? How language is Through Through the Through social understood transmission from operation of interaction and development? computer users. innate cognitive assimilation of Internationalization heuristics on others’ speech. of structures and language input. habits through repetition and corrective feedback.
  2. 2. 2 What is role of To provide To provide To provide computers? grammar and language input alternative vocabulary and analytic contexts for tutorials, and inferential social drills,practices,and tasks; learners interaction; to immediate use their facilitate access feedback existing to existing knowledge to discourse develop new communities understanding and the creation of new ones. Crook’s Metaphor Tutorial metaphor Construction Toolbox of CALL (computer-as tutor) metaphor metaphor (computer-as- (computer-as- pupil) tool) Web1.0 vs. Web 2.0
  3. 3. 3 O'Reilly addresses that the concept of quot;Web 2.0quot; began with a conference brainstorming session. O’Reilly (2005) pointed out the companies which had survived the collapse. it seemed to have some things in common. We can say some kind of key point for the web such as quot;Web 2.0quot; The term quot;Web 2.0quot; has been developments. There is more than 9.5 million information in Google. But there's still the amount of disagreement about just what Web 2.0 means, some people questions it? , How 2.0 can be running in our society, and how people are accepting it as the new conventional culture. In O’Reilly (2005) initial thought. He formulated his sense of Web 2.0 by example: Web 1.0 Web 2.0 DoubleClick --> Google AdSense Ofoto --> Flickr Akamai --> BitTorrent --> Napster Britannica Online --> Wikipedia personal websites --> blogging evite --> and EVDB domain name speculation --> search engine optimization page views --> cost per click screen scraping --> web services publishing --> participation content management systems --> wikis directories (taxonomy) --> tagging (quot;folksonomyquot;) stickiness --> syndication LinkedIn survey for teachers.
  4. 4. 4 WELCOME! . We would like you to be part of this survey. This survey aims to look at LinkedIn across the social networking, your response is important to us. INSTRUCTIONS This short survey will take about 10 minutes to complete. It asks questions about your use of LinkedIn. Please rate your level of agreement with the statements in this Question using the following scale. SA – Strongly Agree A – Agree N – Neutral D – Disagree SD – Strongly Disagree NA – Not Applicable SA A N D SD NA 8. Please rate the following aspects of your LinkedIn experience. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ a. The LinkedIn resources I access are of high quality. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ b. The LinkedIn resources I access have enhanced my teaching. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ c. The use of LinkedIn has improved my teaching practices. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ d. The use of LinkedIn has enabled me to facilitate a more personalized approach to learning for my students. e. The use of LinkedIn has increased my students’ access to learning ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ resources. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ f. The use of LinkedIn has made learning more interesting for my students. g. I encourage greater interaction between my students through the ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ use of LinkedIn. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ h. The use of LinkedIn has improved learning outcomes for my students. Teachers Interview questions 1. How much you expect your students want in their course? Please explain your answer in terms of the benefits or disadvantages of LinkedIn.
  5. 5. 5 2. Are you aware of eLearning solutions by LinkedIn? 3. Does your organization have a strategy to provide teachers/trainers with the skills needed to use LinkedIn to deliver reading comprehensive 4. After teaching training, do you think LinkedIn can enhance reading comprehensive via educators collaborate 5. Is LinkedIn a useful one-stop resource that includes information I might need for my student (such as handbooks, past papers, reading lists, information about teaching staff) LinkedIn survey for Students. WELCOME! . We would like you to be part of this survey. This survey aims to look at Lnkedin across the social networking, your response is important to us. INSTRUCTIONS This short survey will take about 10 minutes to complete. It asks questions about your use of LinkedIn. Please rate your level of agreement with the statements in this Question using the following scale. SA – Strongly Agree A – Agree N – Neutral D – Disagree SD – Strongly Disagree NA – Not Applicable SA A N D SD NA 1 Please rate the following aspects of your LinkedIn experience. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ a. The LinkedIn enables me to enhance my reading comprehensive ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ b. I sometimes have technical difficulties accessing the LinkedIn c. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ d. The LinkedIn facilitates group wok
  6. 6. 6 ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ e. Using the LinkedIn has enhanced the knowledge and understanding I gain from classroom, tutorials and practical. e The LinkedIn allows me to provide feedback to my classmates and ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ tutors. ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ ☐ g. Assessments and tests posted on the LinkedIn are a useful way of checking that I understand course material ☐
  7. 7. 7 Example of reading story 1 Social Networks Do the names MySpace, Facebook, Orkut, etc. ring a bell? They probably do because they are some of the most popular sites on the internet today. These sites are all called 'social networking' sites because they help people meet and discuss things online. Each of these social networking sites has its own strengths: MySpace is especially popular among teenagers, Facebook is popular with college age people, Orkut is especially loved in Brazil, and CyWorld is the site to visit in South Korea. The common thread between all of these social networks is that they provide a place for people to interact, rather than a place to go to read or listen to 'content'. Web 2.0 Social networks are considered to be web 2.0. What does this mean? To understand this, it's important to understand what the original web did (often called web 1.0). Back in the nineties, the internet - or web - was a place to go to read articles, listen to music, get information, etc. Most people didn't contribute to the sites. They just 'browsed' the sites and took advantage of the information or resources provided. Of course, some people did create their own sites. However, creating a site was difficult. You needed to know basic HTML coding (the original language the internet uses to 'code' pages). It certainly wasn't something most people wanted to do as it could take hours to get a basic page just right. Things began to get easier when blogs (from web log) were introduced. With blogs, many more people began writing 'posts', as well as commenting on other people's blogs. MySpace Surprises Everybody In 2003 a site named MySpace took the internet by storm. It was trying to mimic the most popular features of Friendster, the first social networking site. It quickly became popular among young users and the rest was history. Soon everyone was trying to develop a social networking site. The sites didn't provide 'content' to people, they helped people create, communicate and share what they loved including music, images and videos. They key to the success of these sites is that they provide a platform on which users create the content. This is very different from the beginning of the internet which focused on providing 'content' for people to enjoy.
  8. 8. 8 Key to Success Relying on users to create content is the key to the success of web 2.0 companies. Besides the social networking sites discussed here, other huge success stories include: Wikipedia, and the latest success - Twitter. All of these companies rely on the desire of users to communicate with each other, thereby creating the 'content' that others want to consume. Key Vocabulary social network to ring a bell site strength - weakness common thread to interact content nineties internet - web to contribute to browse a site to create code / coding blog - web log post to comment on to take by storm to mimic the rest was history platform to consume
  9. 9. 9 Which social networking site was not mentioned in the reading? MySpace LinkedIn Facebook What is Facebook? A blog A content site A social networking site Where is Orkut especially popular? In Japan In South Korea In Brazil Which phrase best describes what people do at social networking sites? They interact with other people. They browse articles and other content. They code pages in HTML Social networks are considered: Web 1.0 sites Web 2.0 sites Web blogs What was the original web mainly used for? Interacting with other people Browsing content Creating pages in HTML Why didn't many people create web pages in the beginning? They didn't like communicating with others. They didn't feel comfortable coding HTML pages. They didn't know they could create web pages. Which is the best description of web 2.0 sites? They are content driven sites. They are platforms for interaction. They are like blogs, but better.
  10. 10. 10 What do web 2.0 sites rely on? Articles written by professional journalists Users creating content Fast internet connections What is most important for these new sites? Users' desire to communicate with each other Users' desire to read interesting content written by professionals Users' desire to learn coding
  11. 11. 11 Answers Overview • Asking a Question • Answering Questions • Advanced Answers Search • Privacy • Overview You’ve got questions? We’ve got answers. LinkedIn Answers is one of the best places on the web to share business knowledge: Ask your question and get fast, accurate answers from your network and other • experts worldwide Showcase your knowledge, expertise, and interests by answering questions • Stay up on the latest in your industry and functional area • Back to Top Asking a Question Any question that allows domain experts to share their knowledge will produce insightful answers and will be welcomed by other users:
  12. 12. 12 Knowledge: How is property tax for commercial property evaluated in Texas? • Experience: What are the best providers of hosted Exchange services? • Opinion: What impact would a Microsoft/Yahoo! merger have on contextual • advertising? Asking a question is quick and easy: enter your question and select the appropriate category to place it under. Additionally, you can then send your question by email to connections you think may be able to help so you can make sure they don’t miss it. Answers is not intended to help you recruit, advertise, or announce your job search. These questions will be flagged and removed. Your question will immediately appear: Listed under the Answers tab • On your profile • On the LinkedIn homepage of your connections • In email, if you sent your question to any specific connections • You can also ask your question privately. If you choose to do so, your question will not appear on the site, and is instead delivered as a message to the specific connections you chose. Click here to get started and ask a question. Back to Top
  13. 13. 13 Answering Questions You can showcase your knowledge and interests by answering questions. The answers you provide become part of your profile and demonstrate your expertise to your connections, potential business partners or employers. Questions can be found in these places: When a connection asks a question, you’ll receive a Network Update on your home • page Under the Answers tab • New questions from your network o By category (ex: Using LinkedIn) o Advanced answers search • Clicking on a question will bring up a new page with the question and any answers that have been submitted to date. Your answers will appear: Under the question you answered • As a network update on the homepages of your connections • On your profile •
  14. 14. 14 In an email to the person who asked the question. • You can also answer a question privately. If you do, your answer never appears anywhere on the site. It is sent by email to the asker of the question. How can I earn expertise? Expertise is a feedback measure from your fellow users. Every time the questioner picks your answer as the best, you gain a point of expertise in the category of the question. The best way you can gain expertise is to answer questions in the areas you know. Experts in each area are recognized on LinkedIn: the more points of expertise you gain, the higher you appear on lists of experts. Back to Top Advanced Answers Search Find out if your question has already been answered. Using the keyword search you can find if others have asked a similar question in the past. Read through the answers to see if it meets your needs. Back to Top Privacy LinkedIn is committed to protecting the privacy of our users. Details of how you can control visibility of your questions and answers are available by clicking here. Back to Top