How Libraries Influence  Technology Development Judy H. Brady IEEE Area Manager Latin America, Japan,  Korea and South Afr...
Summary <ul><li>Increased availability of scholarly works contributes to development of science and technology (sci-tech) ...
Patent Development is Tangible Proof of Sci-tech Increase <ul><li>Research indicates that the most successful patents are ...
A Sample Patent from Exxon Source: Results of search of USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database References   to IEEE Pub...
Libraries Fulfill an Increasing Need for Patent Information   <ul><li>References to non-patent material within high tech p...
Non-patent references to top 25 patenting organizations <ul><li>U.S. patent references from the top 25 patenting organizat...
Libraries Assist Education by Dissemination of Patent Literature <ul><li>Teaching patent research provides students with a...
Patents are important in engineering education  <ul><li>78.9% gave one-on-one instruction on using a patent database </li>...
Mexico Needs Information in Key Growth Technologies Recommendations from  The World Bank with input from Mexico’s CSIS and...
Mexico’s GDP not keeping pace with others GDP Per Capita Growth Mexico 1.2% Chile 3.3% China 7.7% East Asia & Pacific Regi...
Mexico’s Urgent Need To Enhance Competitiveness <ul><li>The World Bank’s Three-Phase Program:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promo...
Relative Prominence of Scientific Literature Engineering & Technology (Source: NSF Sci & Eng Indicators 2006) Country 2006...
Mexico’s R & D Investment <ul><li>How can Mexico’s R & D investment reach the library? </li></ul><ul><li>How can Mexico re...
Mexican Recipients of U.S. S&E PhDs   (Source: NSF Sci & Eng Indicators 2006) PhD Recipients % Plan to Stay in U.S. %  Def...
How to Reverse the Brain Drain?  Increase Corporate Competition <ul><li>“ It is the result of a lack of competition within...
Library Funds Available through SEP  Programas Integrales de Fortalecimiento Institucional (PIFI)  <ul><ul><li>To  elevate...
SEP Funding for University Libraries is Apparent <ul><li>Plans must include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurable results that...
Researchers Evaluate Search Tools An Independent Study Conducted by Martin Akel & Associates <ul><li>Goals:  </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Results continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAID search is 325% more productive than the FREE Web as a search tool fo...
Quality tools contribute to the technological health of a nation:  A Case Study <ul><li>BRAZILIAN FEDERAL AGENCY FOR SUPPO...
CAPES <ul><li>CAPES is a public foundation within the Brazilian Ministry of Education (MEC). </li></ul><ul><li>It is respo...
<ul><li>One of the greatest scientific databases in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 2000 by Capes to reduce region...
OBSERVATIONS ABOUT ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>The development business needs engineers for their planning and ope...
SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION: BRAZIL AND WORLD: 1981-2006 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
PH.D. DEGREES GRANTED X PUBLISHED ARTICLES (ISI): 1987 -2006 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2...
Recommendations <ul><li>Libraries  promote key technologies in collaboration with professors, students, researchers, emplo...
References <ul><li>1790 Analytics, LLC.  The Influence of IEEE on Key Patents.  , Breitsman, Haddonfield, NJ. 12 January 2...
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XV Coloquio 2009 / How libraries influence technology development.

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Ponencia de Judy H. Brady (EUA) durante la primera mesa de trabajo del XV Coloquio Internacional de Bibliotecarios.

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XV Coloquio 2009 / How libraries influence technology development.

  1. 1. How Libraries Influence Technology Development Judy H. Brady IEEE Area Manager Latin America, Japan, Korea and South Africa 1 December 2008
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Increased availability of scholarly works contributes to development of science and technology (sci-tech) </li></ul><ul><li>Patent development is tangible proof of sci-tech increase </li></ul><ul><li>References to scholarly works has increased dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Countries that invest in R&D are more productive in sci-tech industries </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for Mexico and her libraries </li></ul>
  3. 3. Patent Development is Tangible Proof of Sci-tech Increase <ul><li>Research indicates that the most successful patents are those that build on scholarly papers </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore librarians who help engineers find and use patents contribute to the process of innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul><ul><li>1790 Analytics, LLC. The Influence of IEEE on Key Patents. </li></ul><ul><li>Breitsman, Haddonfield, NJ. 12 January 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>1790 Analytics, LLC An Analysis of Patent Referencing to IEEE Papers, </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences, and Standards 1997-2007 . Breitsman, Haddonfield, NJ. 21 </li></ul><ul><li>May 2008 </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Sample Patent from Exxon Source: Results of search of USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database References to IEEE Publications
  5. 5. Libraries Fulfill an Increasing Need for Patent Information   <ul><li>References to non-patent material within high tech patents have increased </li></ul>Number of Patents Granted to Top 25 Companies Non-patent references (primarily references to scholarly papers) Average references per patent 2006 41,915 112,605 2.69 2007 35,859 103,520 2.89
  6. 6. Non-patent references to top 25 patenting organizations <ul><li>U.S. patent references from the top 25 patenting organizations in 2007 to top publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Based on number of references to papers/standards/conferences from 1997-2007 </li></ul>Source: 1790 Analytics 2008 IEEE
  7. 7. Libraries Assist Education by Dissemination of Patent Literature <ul><li>Teaching patent research provides students with a valuable tool for future technological development </li></ul><ul><li>A study conducted for American Society of Engineering Educators (ASEE) shows libraries are using patents as teaching tools </li></ul><ul><li>“ Patents have been used as teaching materials in engineering courses, especially design courses, for at least thirty years.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Michael White, Queens University Engineering & Science Library, Canada </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Patents are important in engineering education <ul><li>78.9% gave one-on-one instruction on using a patent database </li></ul><ul><li>57.5% teach patent workshops to undergraduate engineering students </li></ul><ul><li>52.5%, teach patent workshops to graduate engineering students </li></ul><ul><li>51.3%, reported that patents were included in the engineering curriculum at their university </li></ul>Michael White, Librarian at the Queens University Engineering and Science Library, Canada, conducted a survey of 40 librarians of the Engineering Libraries Division of the American Society of Engineering Executives (ASEE).
  9. 9. Mexico Needs Information in Key Growth Technologies Recommendations from The World Bank with input from Mexico’s CSIS and CONACYT <ul><li>Economy has improved over the last decade </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme poverty has been reduced </li></ul><ul><li>However …The economy has not grown fast enough for significant job growth </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico has been losing its share of the U.S. import market, mainly to China. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mexico’s GDP not keeping pace with others GDP Per Capita Growth Mexico 1.2% Chile 3.3% China 7.7% East Asia & Pacific Regions 5.9%
  11. 11. Mexico’s Urgent Need To Enhance Competitiveness <ul><li>The World Bank’s Three-Phase Program: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote technological innovation , and improve training and education levels of the workforce; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the cost of doing business, make it easier to open a new business, and strengthen economic competition; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamline trade procedures, low trade costs; simplify customs clearance and improve the quality of port services; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve transparency and introduce regulatory instruments for the energy sector </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Relative Prominence of Scientific Literature Engineering & Technology (Source: NSF Sci & Eng Indicators 2006) Country 2006 Rank Switzerland 1 Denmark 2 Netherlands 3 Ireland 4 USA 5 New Zealand 10 France 15 Portugal 20 Canada 22 Country 2006 Rank Argentina 26 Thailand 29 Brazil 31 Mexico 33 China 34 Taiwan 36 Chile 37 India 39 Poland 40
  13. 13. Mexico’s R & D Investment <ul><li>How can Mexico’s R & D investment reach the library? </li></ul><ul><li>How can Mexico retain their R & D investment? </li></ul><ul><li>R&D </li></ul># of Researchers United States $343,747 1,387,882 Canada $86,758 1,223,756 China $23,839 125,330 Russia $20,155 464,357 Mexico $5,919 48,401 Turkey $4,884 42,663 Poland $3,310 59,573 Argentina $2,318 35,040 Portugal $1,840 21,126
  14. 14. Mexican Recipients of U.S. S&E PhDs (Source: NSF Sci & Eng Indicators 2006) PhD Recipients % Plan to Stay in U.S. % Definite Plans to Stay in U.S. The “Brain Drain”
  15. 15. How to Reverse the Brain Drain? Increase Corporate Competition <ul><li>“ It is the result of a lack of competition within key tech areas… </li></ul><ul><li>Public and private monopolies dominate the country: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The oil (Pemex) and electric power (Federal Electricity Commission) firms owned by the state are untainted by competition; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In telecommunications (Telmex), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television networks (Televisa), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cement (Cemex), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banking (Banamex/Citigroup and Bancomer/Banco de Bilbao)… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Face only tepid competition at home, thanks to their cozy relationship with the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Prices, supply, service and quality suffer as a consequence, and today these monopolies are stronger than ever.“ </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: Excerpts from New America Media, Louis Nevaer) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Library Funds Available through SEP Programas Integrales de Fortalecimiento Institucional (PIFI) <ul><ul><li>To elevate the quality of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To extend the educational opportunities to reduce inequalities between social groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To propel the development and use of technologies of the information and communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To offer an integral education that balances the formation in citizen values, the development of competition and knowledge acquisition </li></ul></ul>Mexico’s National Plan, the Program for Education 2007 – 2012 XXIV Reunión Anual del Consejo Nacional para Asuntos Bibliotecarios de las IES. Puebla, Mexico. 5 June 2008
  17. 17. SEP Funding for University Libraries is Apparent <ul><li>Plans must include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurable results that contribute to the growth and improvement of the university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurable results in support initiatives identified by SEP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence of management support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear goals for resolving issues encountered during the term of the plan </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Researchers Evaluate Search Tools An Independent Study Conducted by Martin Akel & Associates <ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gauge the use of the Internet in the research process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover how researchers rate FREE vs. PAID search on productivity/efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressures to conduct research more quickly and accurately… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The FREE Web is okay for simple searches, but is less effective for complex searches </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Results continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAID search is 325% more productive than the FREE Web as a search tool for technical information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>62% report that PAID tools give them MORE CONFIDENCE that the search results will have a meaningful impact on their work. </li></ul></ul>Researchers Evaluate Search Tools An Independent Study Conducted by Martin Akel & Associates
  20. 20. Quality tools contribute to the technological health of a nation: A Case Study <ul><li>BRAZILIAN FEDERAL AGENCY FOR SUPPORT AND EVALUATION OF GRADUATE EDUCATION </li></ul>CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  21. 21. CAPES <ul><li>CAPES is a public foundation within the Brazilian Ministry of Education (MEC). </li></ul><ul><li>It is responsible for promoting and evaluating the entire Graduate System of Education in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also responsible for the development of higher education, science, and technology in the country. </li></ul>April 07 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  22. 22. <ul><li>One of the greatest scientific databases in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 2000 by Capes to reduce regional disparities, allowing online access to outstanding scientific and technological papers produced all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows access to internationally updated scientific full-text data through any terminal connected to the Internet located at authorized institutions . </li></ul>Portal April 07 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  23. 23. OBSERVATIONS ABOUT ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>The development business needs engineers for their planning and operations. </li></ul><ul><li>An good quality Engineer determines the performance of businesses or industries. </li></ul><ul><li>The speed of development of the business sector of a nation depends on the availability of highly qualified engineers. </li></ul>CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  24. 24. SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION: BRAZIL AND WORLD: 1981-2006 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  25. 25. PH.D. DEGREES GRANTED X PUBLISHED ARTICLES (ISI): 1987 -2006 CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting – Brasília, DF March 25, 2008.
  26. 26. Recommendations <ul><li>Libraries promote key technologies in collaboration with professors, students, researchers, employers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power and Energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a strategic plan for presentation to SEP </li></ul><ul><li>Work as a group to identify and obtain key resources at reduced prices </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for your collection by showing the most effective methods of research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A paid resource may have the best Return on Investment (ROI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of materials vendors make available to you with your paid subscription commitments </li></ul>
  27. 27. References <ul><li>1790 Analytics, LLC. The Influence of IEEE on Key Patents. , Breitsman, Haddonfield, NJ. 12 January 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>1790 Analytics, LLC An Analysis of Patent Referencing to IEEE Papers, Conferences, and Standards 1997-2007 . Breitsman, Haddonfield, NJ. 21 May 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES). “CAPES Presentation IEEE Selected Slides.” CAPES Presentation at IEEE Meeting. Brasília, DF, March 25, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook: Mexico, Economy . Online. Internet. 4 September 2008. < https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html > </li></ul><ul><li>International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC). “Statement of Current Perspective and Preferred Practices for the Selection and Purchase of Electronic Information.” Online. Internet. 1998. <http://www.library.yale.edu/consortia/statement.html> </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Akel & Associates, Chester, New Jersey. June 2007 Online. Internet < Information/global contacts: www.elsevierforindustry.com> </li></ul><ul><li>Nevaer, Louis. “For Calderon, Reversing Mexico’s ‘Brain Drain’ Is Key To Success.” New America Media . Online. Internet. 3 January 2007 -< http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=27a45c9fad7a2a1c131ac487c9670465 > </li></ul><ul><li>Ricio Chávez Mayo. “ Recursos extraordinarios en Bibliotecas Públicas Universitarias.” XXIV Reunión Anual del Consejo Nacional para Asuntos Bibliotecarios de las IES. Puebla, Mexico. 5 June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>White, Michael. “Patent Databases and Academic Engineering Librarians: A Pilot Survey.” Online. Internet. June 2008. < http://patentlibrarian.wikispaces.com/space/showimage/Patent_Literature_Survey.pdf > </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank. Forum Aims at Building Technical Know-How in Developing Countries. Online. Internet. Washington, DC. 13 February 2007. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTSTIGLOFOR/0,,contentMDK:21216680~menuPK:3156763~pagePK:64168445~piPK:64168309~theSitePK:3156699,00.html </li></ul>

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