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Childlabor

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Childlabor

  1. 1. Kids at Work <ul><li>Zelizer: “The conflict over the propriety of child labor between 1870 and 1930 in the US involved a profound cultural disagreement over the economic and sentimental value of young children” (emphasis mine). </li></ul><ul><li>Today we’ll look at some key images from this “cultural disagreement,” and talk some more about its parameters. </li></ul><ul><li>In a pluralistic society, who decides the shape of an “ideal childhood”? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Farm labor in the 19 th c: pulling weeds, tending livestock, milking cows, churning butter, feeding chickens, harvesting crops
  3. 3. City labor: Errands, scavenging, newsboys, “outwork”
  4. 4. Sony Handicam
  5. 5. Nintendo (Italy)
  6. 6. Anne Geddes’ sentimentalism
  7. 8. “ Hurry up” (L) (1909) vs “Mennen’s” (1898)
  8. 9. Elizabeth Shippen Green (L) (1871-1954); Jessie Willcox Smith (R) (1863-1935)
  9. 10. Jessie Willcox Smith, ad for Ivory Soap, 1902
  10. 11. Elizabeth Shippen Green, ad for Kodak, 1906
  11. 12. Jessie Willcox Smith, cover for The Bed-Time Book (Helen Hay Whitney), 1907
  12. 13. Jessie Willcox Smith, promotional poster for the children’s book industry
  13. 14. Elizabeth Shippen Green, Frontispiece, The Book of the Child (1902)
  14. 15. Jessie Willcox Smith cover, March 1921
  15. 16. What is it with kids & pumpkins?
  16. 17. Lewis Wickes Hine, 1874-1940
  17. 18. “ Italian family making artificial flowers in a New York tenement apartment,” 1908
  18. 19. “Breaker Boys,” 1911
  19. 21. “ Lincolnton [NC] Spinner Girl,” 1908
  20. 22. Manuel, shrimp-picker, 5 years old, Biloxi, MS, 1911
  21. 23. Group of oyster shuckers, Dunbar, LA (1911)
  22. 24. Child picking cotton (TX), 1912
  23. 25. “ Making Human Junk” ( Child Labor Bulletin 3, 1914-1915)
  24. 26. Present-day resonances <ul><li>Apple’s Chinese manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Gingrich’s plans: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-gWP4xA2TM </li></ul>
  25. 27. References <ul><li>George Dimock, “Priceless Children: Child Labor and the Pictorialist Ideal,” in Priceless Children: American Photographs 1890-1925 (Greensboro, NC: Weatherspoon Art Museum, 2001), 7-22. </li></ul><ul><li>Russell Freedman, Kids at Work: Lewis Hine and the Crusade Against Child Labor (NYC: Clarion, 1994). </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Higonnet, Pictures of Innocence: The History and Crisis of Ideal Childhood (London: Thames and Hudson, 1998). </li></ul><ul><li>Steven Mintz, Huck’s Raft: A History of American Childhood (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Holly Rosenkrantz, “Newt Gingrich Leads Push to Ease Child-labor Laws,” Sfgate.com, Tuesday, December 20, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mr. Daisey and the Apple Factory,” “This American Life,” air date 1.06.12, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/454/transcript </li></ul>

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