Organisms are grouped into smaller and smaller groups all the way down to their species A species is the most specific grouping and includes only organisms that can interbreed with each other and produce fertile offspring
Classification of Living Things Diversity of Life
What is classification? Classification is the grouping of things according to characteristics The science of classifying organisms is known as taxonomy
Early classification systems Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved John Ray was the first to use the term “species”
Binomial Nomenclature• A system, developed by Linnaeus, of naming organisms using two terms, the first one indicating the genus and the second the species.
What is a scientific name? Combination of the genus and species name of an organism Scientific names of organisms are always italicized or underlined: (Genus is capitalized; species name is lower-case)
Questions What is classification? Why is classifying living things important? What is taxonomy? Describe binomial nomenclature.
Questions Who developed a system for naming living organisms? What is a scientific name of an organism and how is it written?