American Littoral Society Presentation at the 2013 Long Island Sound Citizens Summit

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American Littoral Society Presentation at the 2013 Long Island Sound Citizens Summit

  1. 1. American Littoral SocietyPromote the study and conservation of marine resources and their habitats, defendthe coast from harm, and empower others to do the same50 Years of Caring for the Coast
  2. 2. Assessing the Impacts of Hurricane Sandy onCoastal Habitatsarrl.org
  3. 3. Rapid Assessment• Requested by National Fish andWildlife Foundation to coordinate aregional assessment to rapidlyevaluate the impacts of Sandy• Focused on the physical effects oncoastal habitats and species whichdepend on them• Identify realistic opportunities toaddress and remediate challenges
  4. 4. Approach• Information gathered by telephonefrom interviews: natural resourcemanagers and NGOs (LISS HabitatWork Group)• Geospatial change analysis• Summaries of impacts, impact trendsand priority areas
  5. 5. Geospatial AnalysisBarrier Island Marsh
  6. 6. Littoral Society “Rapid Assessment”• 65% of Beach and dune areas:moderate to high impact• 14-17% of tidal marsh areas:moderate impact• 9% upland forest areas: moderateimpacts
  7. 7. Belmar, New Jersey
  8. 8. Mantoloking Breach
  9. 9. Tuckerton, NJ on Barnegat Bay
  10. 10. Sandy Hook (Gateway) National RecreationArea (NJ)
  11. 11. Sandy Hook
  12. 12. Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, West Pond
  13. 13. Prime Hook NWR (DE) Before Sandy
  14. 14. Prime Hook NWR (DE) After Sandy
  15. 15. Kimbles Beach, NJ
  16. 16. Long Island Sound
  17. 17. Long Island Sound
  18. 18. Region Wide Trends• Inlet modification• Dune and beach erosion• Lowered elevations• Innundation of Tidal Marsh andImpacts to Prey communities• Maritime forests• New and “Moved” habitat• Debris and Wrack
  19. 19. Region Wide Trends• Sewage, oil and industrialcontamination• Disturbance of forest canopy• Vulnerability leading to ‘knee-jerk”rebuilding actions
  20. 20. The “good news”• Strong evidence of success and valueof natural coastal features respondingwell to storm, providing mitigation andprotection to built community• Lesson learned? Provides argumentsfor expanded use of habitat protectionand restoration as part of regionalresponse and mitigation strategies
  21. 21. The “bad news”• Little recognition of the creation of newhabitat through natural storm responseprocesses• Rush to rebuild may negatively impactthese areas and miss opportunities torestore habitat
  22. 22. Inventory of Priority Projects• Assessment created a fairly detailedinventory of both impacted sites, abase data set in the geospatialanalysis, and a set of priorityrecommendations from professionals• Opportunities to integrate intoresponse framework (FEMA,Congressional Supplemental Funding)
  23. 23. LISS Habitat Workgroup SummaryRecommendations• Coordinated Tri-state restorationresponse• Develop stewardship protocols• Integrate coastal habitat planning,restoration and enhancements intofloodprotection investmentdecisions• Floodproof pollution sources• Blend grey and green infrastructure
  24. 24. THANK YOU

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