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History of latin america

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History of latin america

  1. 1. History of Latin AmericaHistory of Latin America 1919thth -21-21stst CenturyCentury
  2. 2. Post Spanish Nation-BuildingPost Spanish Nation-Building • 1830’s on: Latin American Republics go their own way • Were poorly equipped to make the transition from colony to self-ruling nation • Europeans and mestizos, supported by illiterate lower classes, tend toward oligarchy as political system.
  3. 3. Overarching TrendsOverarching Trends • Political Chaos • Ambitions of ruthless leaders often the cause of the problem • Strong men, often from the army, become CAUDILLOS based on the cult of personalismo • Examples: Simon Bolivar (Bolivia) and Argentina’s Peron
  4. 4. • Caudillos often veer between two extremes: 1. Liberals: want secular (not religious) education and redistribution of wealth through land reform 2. Conservatives: want central role of the Church maintained and status quo (with great inequality) • Later, military juntas become more common
  5. 5. • MOST OF THE TIME, THE CONSERVATIVES ARE IN CHARGE. • WHAT DOES THAT MEAN FOR THE ORDINARY PEOPLE?
  6. 6. Yanqui ImperialismYanqui Imperialism • To “preserve regional stability” President Taft sent marines into Honduras (1911) and Nicaragua (1912 • President Wilson sent troops into Haiti (1915) and Dominican Republic (1916) • After WWI, worldwide depression has disastrous effect on Latin America • Military juntas now stronger than ever
  7. 7. WWIIWWII • FDR’s “Good Neighbor Policy” softens the US/LA relationship • After Pearl Harbor 18/20 countries declare war on the Axis powers or sever diplomatic relations • Provision of food and raw materials boosts LA economy
  8. 8. Juntas and Drug Cartels Post 1945Juntas and Drug Cartels Post 1945 • Mexico • Nicaragua • Paraguay • Guatemala • Haiti
  9. 9. Dastardly DespotsDastardly Despots • Bolivia • Uruguay • Chile • Argentina • Panama
  10. 10. Dastardly DespotsDastardly Despots • Bolivia • Uruguay • Chile • Argentina • Panama

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