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Intro to public speaking


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Intro to public speaking

  1. 1. Speech and Exposition Introduction to Public Speaking
  2. 2. Projection The verb "to project" means to propel forward. In theater, to project means to speak loudly enough to be heard in every seat in the theater.
  3. 3. • When you are projecting properly, you should be loud BUT not sound as though you are shouting. • The way to do this and avoid strain on your vocal cords is to use air pushed from your diaphragm. • Practice: place your hand on your diaphragm (just above your navel) and speak. If you don't feel your diaphragm move, you are not using it properly. • A technique actors use is to visualize their voice as an object (e.g., a ball) and imagine you can "hit" the point in the room the furthest away from you with your voice.
  4. 4. Posture • In order to project effectively, it is essential to have good posture. • Good posture also conveys professionalism, confidence, and authority, which will help people be more likely to listen to you speak. • Stand with feet shoulder width, shoulders back, and chin level. Imagine your spine is a string, and someone is holding that string way above your head.
  5. 5. Eye Contact • Eye contact is a very important part of a speaking presentation. It makes your audience feel like they are part of the conversation, rather than being spoken "at". • NEVER read off a sheet of paper or a PowerPoint slide. Use notecards, and write as few words as possible on each card to avoid seeming as though you're reading. • Don't focus on only one person or one part of the room. • The old myth about "imagine the audience in their underwear" doesn't really work!
  6. 6. Eye contact practice
  7. 7. Enunciation • It's one thing to be loud enough. Can we understand what you're saying? • Do you need subtitles when you speak? Do people often ask you what you just said? • Have you ever traveled to another part of the US and been told you have an accent? • How do you pronounce this word: to • Now say, "I need to schedule my speech". Do you pronounce the "to" as "tuh"? • Say "stand". Then say, "street". Do you pronounce the second "st" as "sht"?
  8. 8. Diction Exercises • • "speak the speech I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue." (Hamlet)
  9. 9. • I bought a bit of baking powder and baked a batch of biscuits. I brought a big basket of biscuits back to the bakery and baked a basket of big biscuits. Then I took the big basket of biscuits and the basket of big biscuits and mixed the big biscuits with the basket of biscuits that was next to the big basket and put a bunch of biscuits from the basket into a biscuit mixer and brought the basket of biscuits and the box of mixed biscuits and the biscuit mixer to the bakery- and opened a can of sardines.
  10. 10. Vocal Inflection and Tempo • Common poor vocal habits: • Voice dropping in volume at the ends of sentences • Voice going up at the ends of sentences, as if you are asking a question • Speaking too fast • Speaking too slow • Interrupting your speech with repeated instances of "um", "uh", "like", "so"
  11. 11. Inflection Exercise Point (emphasize) a different word each time you say this sentence: DID John tell you that? Did JOHN tell you that? Did John TELL you that? Did John tell YOU that? Did John tell you THAT?
  12. 12. Appearance
  13. 13. Appearance
  14. 14. Preparation •Use key words to get your audience’s interest •Sound like you know your subject, but DON’T be overly formal or stiff •Know your habits: be aware if you put your hands in your pockets, grip the lectern, swing your arms or tap your cards •Be enthusiastic; if you sound bored, your audience will be too! •REHEARSE •REHEARSE •REHEARSE!
  15. 15. A slideshow is a great asset to your speech, but it should never steal the focus away from YOU! The Visual Component •Use as few slides as possible (ten or less) •Never more than ten words per slide •ALWAYS use images when possible •NEVER use an image as the background •Avoid animations •Make the font large enough to read (28 point or more) •ALWAYS CHECK YOUR SPELLING! Always say “Thank You” at the end!
  16. 16. Good luck with your speeches! THANK YOU!