The proverbs


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Study of the Proverbs in the Bible

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The proverbs

  1. 1. The Proverbs Words of Wisdom
  2. 2. Outline of Proverbs <ul><li>I. The Purpose of Proverbs 1:1–7 </li></ul><ul><li>II. Proverbs to the Youth 1:8–9:18 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Obey Parents 1:8, 9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Avoid Bad Company 1:10–19 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Seek Wisdom 1:20–2:22 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Benefits of Wisdom 3:1–26 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E. Be Kind to Others 3:27–35 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F. Father Says Get Wisdom 4:1–13 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>G. Avoid the Wicked 4:14–22 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>H. Keep Your Heart 4:23–27 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I. Do Not Commit Adultery 5:1–14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>J. Do Be Faithful to Your Spouse 5:15–23 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K. Avoid Surety 6:1–5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L. Do Not Be Lazy 6:6–19 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M. Do Not Commit Adultery 6:20–7:27 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N. Praise of Wisdom 8:1–9:12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O. Foolish Woman 9:13–18 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>III. Proverbs of Solomon 10:1–24:34 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Proverbs Contrasting the Godly and the Wicked 10:1–15:33 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Proverbs Encouraging Godly Lives 16:1–22:16 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Proverbs Concerning Various Situations 22:17–24:34 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IV. Proverbs of Solomon Copied by </li></ul><ul><li>Hezekiah’s Men 25:1–29:27 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Proverbs Regulating Relationships with Others 25:1–26:28 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Proverbs Regulating Various Activities 27:1–29:27 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>V. The Words of Agur 30:1–33 </li></ul><ul><li>VI. The Words of King Lemuel 31:1–31 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Wisdom for Leaders 31:1–9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Wise Woman 31:10–31 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sovereignty <ul><li>Sovereignty is an attribute of God that expresses His supremacy and omnipotence. </li></ul><ul><li>He exercises unlimited power and control over the forces affecting mankind (Isaiah 45:9-19; Romans 8:18-39.) </li></ul><ul><li>He rules absolutely, and can take any course of action whatsoever He chooses. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples <ul><li>Job acknowledged the sovereignty of God when he said “The Lord giveth and the Lord taketh away, blessed be the name of the Lord.” </li></ul><ul><li>The fear of the Lord is aptly illustrated by the expression, “The good Lord willing and the creek don’t rise,” which takes into account God’s overriding control over the affairs of men. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scripture Analysis <ul><li>I Corinthians 1:22-24 </li></ul><ul><li>“ For the Jews require a sign and the Greeks seek after wisdom: But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; But unto them which are called, both Jew and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1 Corinthians 3:18-20 “ Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness. And again, The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.”
  8. 8. Couplets in Proverbs <ul><li>Contrastive – but – 2 sides of a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Completive – and – second thought added completes the first </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative – like…so, better than – one circumstance better than another. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wisdom Speaks <ul><li>Erasmus (probably) wrote Folly Speaks . </li></ul><ul><li>Proverbs 8 shows Wisdom speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>(Irony) the selection is discussing wisdom vs. folly. Chapter 8 describes Lady Wisdom as aiding the Lord in the creation of the universe. Unless you count this personification (which is a literary device) as a second person God was speaking to, it is actually lauding God’s great wisdom. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Proverbs 8:1-6 </li></ul><ul><li>“Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice? She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths. She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors. Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man. O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart. Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Authorship of the Proverbs <ul><li>Solomon 1-22:16 </li></ul><ul><li>Certain wise men 22:17-24:34 </li></ul><ul><li>Men of Hezekiah 25-29 </li></ul><ul><li>Agur 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Lemuel 31 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Definition for Wisdom <ul><li>The ability to apply knowledge profitably and sensibly. (My own) </li></ul><ul><li>In religion the &quot;wise man&quot; is he who gives to the things of God the same acuteness that other men give to worldly affairs (Lu 16:8). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Christ’s Wisdom <ul><li>Of all the sayings of Christ, perhaps Luke 14:8-10--a quotation of Proverbs 25:6-7comes nearest to the pure Wisdom type. </li></ul><ul><li>Christ’s answers to the Pharisees and Sadducees were the epitome of wisdom. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Luke 14:8-10 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Can we be corrupted from the truth? <ul><li>2 Corinthians 11:3 “But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.” </li></ul>