PLANNINGDANILZA LORDUY ARELLANO DANILZA LORDUY A. Mg. In Education Mg. In Education 2010 Methodology for teaching to children Diploma course
Danilza Lorduy A. Lesson Planning for the EFL and ESL Classroom• Planning is when you look at the curriculum standards and develop lesson content that match those standards• A Lesson Plan is simply a step-by-step guide to what an EFL teacher plans to do in the classroom on a given day. Methodology for teaching to children Diploma course
Origin of Lesson Plan• Lesson plan has originated from Gestalt psychology. The Gestalt theory of learning has a great influence on human learning. In the school the whole is perceived by a part. A unit plays an important role in learning. The learner usually takes help of the units in understanding and grasping the whole concept. The meaningful activities are related to one another within a unit. These activities provide the purposeful learning experiences and the learner understands the whole concept. This theory originates the concept of “Unit Plan”.
Why plan?• A good plan provides the foundation that your lesson will be built upon. Especially for beginner teachers, whose time management skills in the classroom aren’t fully developed, a good class outline will ensure that you are not spending too much or too little time on a particular activity. It will keep your book progress on track, keep you organized about which materials you will need and help you work out which activities were effective and which ones could be improved on or done away with.
Why plan?• Even for long time teachers, It is worthy to know exactly how long an activity will take. Without something to structure your class on, it will be easy for your class focus to go astray. Suppose you are teaching a conversation class and your class theme deviates to another topic? The lesson plan can help you bring the class back to the center of your lesson. If the other topic was interesting enough then you could make another lesson plan based on that.
Advantages of EFL lesson plans:• Lesson plans help both the students and teacher stay focused and remain on track with learning goals. While the initial groundwork of preparing all these plans ahead of time might seem like a big production, it will produce a smoother year ahead for both you and your students.
Advantages of EFL lesson plans:• Its easier for you as a teacher to refer back to your notes on a specific lesson. You can review each lesson and know exactly where you stand.• If a substitute teacher fills in for you, they know exactly where you are and what youre teaching.• Its easier for you to stay focused on the structure of specific details in a lesson.• Your goals will be clearer and therefore easier to follow as they are formulated already.• Students will feel more confident if you are confident in your organization and delivery of the lesson
Advantages of EFL lesson plans:• Organization lets you know what ground youve already covered and how far you still have to go.• You will achieve better results with your students because youll know that you have not missed or skipped any valuable information. Therefore the students will have a more well-rounded education.
Advantages of EFL lesson plans:• Lesson planning adds structure to the class, however you can still be flexible enough to change things around. It acts as a great point of reference.• In the long run, mapping out lessons is a huge time saver. You can show up for class and jump right into the curriculum. Make sure you name and/or number each lesson for quick reference. Store or save them alphabetically or numerically in a binder and digitally if you can.
Planning Format• There are literally hundreds of types of lesson plans, but there is not one format accepted by all schools. Many schools have their own set format, others will let you use whatever format you like. There is; however, some general agreement about what should be included in a good lesson plan.
What a planning form should include• Day/Date:• Lesson Name: What will you call the lesson?• Class/Level: Age, topic, skill level, class name• Materials: List everything you need to teach this lesson. Textbook/Course book name: From what book are you working – or drawing the lesson from?• Unit—title—page number: Specifically where in that book?
What a plannnig form should include• Goal/Aim: What are we working towards today. Describe the final result of the lesson in this format -• The students will be able to ___(do what?)________.• Example: The students will be able to ask and answer questions about their hobbies and interests• Grammar Structures Employed: (How are they formed?): Show the structures. Use a structure chart if needed.• Questions and Answers Relevant to your lesson: to be asked during the warm-up to elicit from students what they may or may not know about the topic to be covered.
Danilza Lorduy A.A USEFUL FORM Methodology for teaching to children Diploma course