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Curriculum and learning

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An attempt to connect missing links in Philippine education.

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Curriculum and learning

  1. 1. •Division of City SchoolsBARRIO OBRERO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Tondo, Manila
  2. 2. • Article14 Section 5 of the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines defines the aims and important role of education in the country.• Article15 Section 8 subsects 4 and 8 of the 1973 Philippine Constitution similarly identifies the aim of the national education, with a view of enhancing each citizen’s self realization and promoting Philippine society’s common welfare.
  3. 3. WHAT IS A CURRICULUM?It is a written plan(degree, program, syllabus,textbooks, learning package or lesson, plannedactivities) which is prescriptive.
  4. 4. •My own definition of curriculum …It is a written plan that isspecific, prescriptive because it indicatesthe objectives, defines the scope andsequencing of the content, identifies thestrategies of learning experiences, selectsmaterials and describes the role oflearners and teachers.
  5. 5. •My own definition of curriculum …It is a written plan that is specific,prescriptive because it indicates theobjectives, defines the scope andsequencing of the content, identifies thestrategies of learning experiences, selectsmaterials and describes the role oflearners and teachers.
  6. 6. •A pedagogical view of curriculumSources of learning objectives Process = actions and interactions
  7. 7. •Curriculum ConceptsPollard & Triggs (1997) The syllabus view of curriculum• The official curriculum• The observed curriculum• The curriculum-as- experienced• The hidden curriculum The pedagogical view of curriculum
  8. 8. •4 Fundamentals of Curriculum Educational purpose Educational Evaluation experiences Organization of learning experiences
  9. 9. •CRITERIA IN DEVELOPING A CURRICULUM We RELEVANCE LEARNABILITY Must BALANCE FEASIBILITY Consider VALIDITY APPROPRIATENESS
  10. 10. An Analysis of thE Result ofNational Achievement TestSY 2004-2005UPTOSY 2011-2012 MS. DANCEL A. UDQUIM BOES EMIS/LIS
  11. 11. • Descriptive Equivalent of Scores • MASTERED (M)- 96-100% • CLOSELY APPROXIMATING MASTERY (CAM)-86-95%• MOVING TOWARDS MASTERY (MTM)-66-85% • AVERAGE MASTERY • (AM)- 36-65% • LOW MASTERY (LM)-15-34 • VERY LOW MASTERY • (VLM)-5-14% • ABSOLUTELY NO MASTERY-(ANM)-0-4%
  12. 12. •COMPETENCIES TESTED IN FILIPINO1. Nagagamit sa pangungusap ang panghalip, pang-uri, pandiwa, pang-abay, pangatnig at ang pang-angkop.2. Nagagamit ang pangungusap ayon sa gamit3. Natutukoy ang kahulugan ng salita (kasingkahulugan,kasalungat)4. Natutukoy ang pangunahing kaisipan at mahahalagang detalye sa binasa5. Nagagamit ang panipi at kuwit sa tuwirang sinabi ng tauhan6. Nagagamit sa pangungusap ang pang-abay at pang-ugnay7. Nagagamit ang uri ng panlapi sa pabuo ng pandiwa
  13. 13. 8. Natutukoy ang paksang diwa, sanhi at bunga sa kwento o akda9. Nailalarawan ang katangian ng tauhan batay sa kilos at pananalita10. Napagsusunod-sunod ang mga pangyayari sa kwento11. Nakakapagbigay ng palagay sa maaring kalabasan ng mga pangyayari batay sa ikinikilos ng tauhan12.Nasusuri ang mga detalye na napaliwanag sa pangunahing diwa13. Nagagamit ang mga grapikong pantulong sa pag-unawa ng teksto14. Napupunan nang wastong pormularyong pampaaralan15.Naisasalin nang pasulat ang mga impormasyong ipinahihiwatig ng mga grapikong pantulong.
  14. 14. NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST RESULTI N FIILIPINO 6SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012MOVING TOWARDS MASTERY 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 FILIPINO 64.25 64.63 53.76 71.71 70.07 72.92 73.87 66.21
  15. 15. •COMPETENCIES TESTED IN MATHEMATICS• Computation of rational numbers• Solve word problems on rational numbers• Identify congruent polygons• Solve problems on measurements• Interpret graphs• Interpret measurement data
  16. 16. NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST RESULT I N MATH 6SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012 AVERAGE MASTERY 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MATH 55.93 44.31 38.66 38.26 45.44 41.77 47.9 50
  17. 17. •Competencies Tested in English• Use of verbs in the simple present tense• Use adverbs of manner• Use reflexive pronouns and possessive pronouns• Identify simple sentences• Note details in the selection• Predict outcomes based on the selection• Infer the general mood of the selection• Sequence events in the selection• Use verbs that agree with indefinite pronouns• Use degrees of comparisons of adverbs
  18. 18. • Use degrees of comparison of irregular adjectives• Use adjectives in a series• Use prepositions/ prepositional phrase• Identify the main idea/ theme of selection• Determine the cause –effect relationship based on a given selection• Identify the supporting details to justify conclusion• Distinguish fact from opinion
  19. 19. NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST RESULT I N ENGLISH 6SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012 AVERAGE MASTERY 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012ENGLISH 55.41 46.89 38.64 40.87 50.04 49.72 48.01 52.9
  20. 20. •Competencies tested in Science• Identify the major parts of a body system and their functions• Explain how a body system works• Classify vertebrates in 5 sub-classes• Describe the characteristics of living things for survival• Describe the characteristics of different kinds of plants• Differentiate physical from chemical change• Describe distinct characteristics of planets• Present the feeding interrelationships among living things• Illustrate the interdependence of plants, animals for gasses
  21. 21. • Explain the effect of changes in materials to environment Explain the effect of changes in materials to environment• Identify factors that affect motion and of an object• Describe the characteristics of earth’s interior layer• Describe characteristics of stars and how group of stars are useful to people Identify factors that affect motion and of an object Describe the characteristics of earth’s interior layer Describe characteristics of stars and how group of stars are useful to people
  22. 22. NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST RESULT I N SCIENCE 6SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012 AVERAGE MASTERY 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 SCIENCE 52.84 38.02 33.04 36.89 40.68 45.73 42.08 50.39
  23. 23. •Competencies tested in HEKASI• Naipagmamalaki ang katangiang pisikal ng Pilipinas• Napapahalagahan ang uti ng pamumuhay ng mga unang Pilipino• Nabibigyang halaga ang kalagayan ng pamumuhay ng Pilipino noong Ikatlong Republika• Naipagkakapurin ang mga mamamayang Pilipino• Napapahalagahanang mga matatalinong paggamit at pangangalaga ng likas na yaman• Napapahalagahan ang bahaging ginagampanan ng pamahalaan at mamamayan sa kaabutihan ng bansa
  24. 24. • Napapahalagahan ang pananatili ng kalayaan ng bansa• Nakikilala ang palatandaan ng kaunlaran ng bansa
  25. 25. NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST RESULT I IN HEKASI 6SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012 AVERAGE MASTERY 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 HEKASI 60.13 56.28 42.56 49.32 52.06 56.12 57.37 54.06
  26. 26. BOES NATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT T EST MEAN PERCENTAGE SCORE SY 2004-2005 upto SY 2011-2012 AVERAGE M ASTERY7060 R. 40 R.54 R. 57 R. 50 R. 9 R. 5650 R. 66 R. 5640302010 0 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012MPS 57.71 50.03 41.34 47.57 51.66 53.25 53.84 54.71

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