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OpenEd2012 - Carolina Rossini

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OpenEd2012 - Carolina Rossini

  1. 1. You Cannot Build Open Policy Without People The OER Brazil Case and Beyond Carolina Rossini Director for International Intellectual Property @EFF @carolinarossini #OpenEd2012
  2. 2. “Informa(on  is  an  ac(vity;  informa(on  is  a  life  form;     and  informa(on  is  a  rela(on.”     John.  P.  Barlow  
  3. 3. 1. Open systems and open networks can create new modes of innovation and collaboration 2. New modes of innovation can be helped, or hurt, by institutional and government policies and design 3. Brazil and Brazilian (and many countries around the world) institutions are experimenting with openness, but it is just in the beginning
  4. 4. “Nearly one-third of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15.Today there are 158 million people enrolled in tertiary education1. Projections suggest that that participation will peak at 263 million2 in 2025. Accommodating the additional 105 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next 15 years.” 1  ISCED  levels  5  &  6  UNESCO  Ins(tute  of  Sta(s(cs  figures   2  Bri(sh  Council  and  IDP  Australia  projec(ons  
  5. 5. •  Open education policy: Governments, school boards, colleges and universities should make taxpayer- funded educational resources OER. •  Open content licenses: OER should be freely shared through open licenses which facilitate use, revision, translation, improvement and sharing. •  Collaborative production: Educators and students can participate in creating, using, adapting and improving OER.
  6. 6. The OER 4 freedoms Reuse   the right to reuse the content in its unaltered / verbatim form   Revise   the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself   Remix   the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new   Redistribute   the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others   http://opencontent.org/definition/
  7. 7. •  think  beyond  content  >  Design   •  think  beyond  content  >  People   Photo  credit:  Maxim  Malevich  
  8. 8. Interoperability (legal and technical) as essential condition for new institutions = An issue of design
  9. 9. Paul  Baran  (1964)    
  10. 10. GNU  General  Public  License:   The  use  of  IPs  to  create  freedom  
  11. 11. Open Science
  12. 12. "Under the right circumstances, groups are remarkably intelligent, and are often smarter than the smartest people in them.” @The Wisdom of the Crowd
  13. 13. “What do Wikipedia, Zip Car’s business model, Barack Obama's presidential campaign, and a small group of lobster fishermen have in common? They all show the power and promise of human cooperation in transforming our businesses, our government, and our society at large. Because today, when the costs of collaborating are lower than ever before, there are no limits to what we can achieve by working together.” @The Penguin and the Leviathan: How cooperation Thriumphs Over Self-Interest Yochai Benkler
  14. 14. the  opposite  of  open  isn’t  “closed”  
  15. 15. the  opposite  of  open  is  “broken”  
  16. 16. Terms  that  can  be  used  for  a  derivaHve  work  or  adaptaHon     Compa<bility  chart     by     by-­‐nc     by-­‐nc-­‐nd     by-­‐nc-­‐sa     by-­‐nd     by-­‐sa     pd     pd                                                 by                                                 by-­‐nc                                               Status  of   original   by-­‐nc-­‐nd                                               work     by-­‐nc-­‐sa                                               by-­‐nd                                               by-­‐sa                                              
  17. 17. Reasons to join the OER movement: 1.  In you are public funded; 2.  Digital technology will surpass current teaching and learning structures; 3.  Cost implications on continuing to rely on Statutory License schemes and only very restrictive uses permitted; 4.  OER are easier to manage: •  No complex copying limits; •  No restrictions on audience ie. Parents, community members and lifelong learners; •  Allows teachers and students to modify and share resources. 5.  Educational institutions (particularly those publicly funded) should leverage taxpayers money by allowing free sharing and reuse of resources. 6.  Quality can be improved and costs of content development reduced by sharing and reusing. 7.  Open sharing will speed up development of learning resources.
  18. 18. •  ImplementaHon  needs  to  be  relevant  naHon-­‐ to-­‐naHon;     •  ImplementaHon  needs  to  be  relevant  to   different  insHtuHonal  cultures;     •  We  need  to  build  capacity  inside  the   insHtuHons;  
  19. 19. People  >  empowerment  +  engagement  
  20. 20. Who  are  our  people?     Everybody!  
  21. 21. Partner with Legislators

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