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OER in The Netherlands

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Robert Schuwer
#OERBr09

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OER in The Netherlands

  1. 1. OER in The Netherlands Robert Schuwer 29 October 2009, Sao Paolo
  2. 2. Context <ul><li>2006 start of OER in The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Initiative TU Delft </li></ul><ul><li>2008 expansion </li></ul><ul><li>2009 realisation of national </li></ul><ul><li>initiative </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Institutional initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenER @ OUNL and beyond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinoza @ OUNL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikiwijs </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Open Universiteit <ul><li>one of 14 universities in NL </li></ul><ul><li>with a specific Profile : </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong, Open, and Flexible (LOF) learning </li></ul><ul><li>one of 10 universities for LOF learning in Europe (e.g. UK OU, UOC, …) </li></ul><ul><li>over 20.000 students </li></ul><ul><li>celebrating 25th anniversary this year </li></ul>
  5. 5. Open Universiteit (2) <ul><li>Bachelor / Master / PhD programmes </li></ul><ul><li>(fully accredited) from seven Schools: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Informatics / Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Management Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Sciences </li></ul>
  6. 6. Open Universiteit (3) <ul><li>Expertise centres: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Sciences and Technology ( CELSTEC , formerly OTEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development of teachers ( Ruud de Moor Centre ) </li></ul><ul><li>Education for Sustainable Development ( RCE Rhine-Meuse ) </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong Learning (Netherlands Laboratory for Lifelong Learning - NELLL ) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Institutional: OpenER@OUNL <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lowering thresholds for access to formal HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>widening and increasing participation in HE </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Means <ul><ul><li>large-scale offering of high-quality short open courses developed for self-study (1 EC each (about 25 hrs)) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ portal of temptation’ to HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bridging informal learning and formal education by official examination options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(earning Bachelor credits) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fundings <ul><li>The Directorate Learning and Working, established by the Dutch Ministery of Education, Culture and Science and the Ministery of Social Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>To a total of approx. €660,000. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Measurements <ul><li>Main question: </li></ul><ul><li>Did OpenER had any effect on participation in Higher Education? </li></ul>Photo by Xurble @ Flickr.com
  11. 11. Some figures <ul><li>Launch on December 5, 2006 generated a lot of publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Close to 1.000.000 visitors </li></ul><ul><li>12% returning </li></ul><ul><li>25 courses online (4 – 45 hours / course) </li></ul><ul><li>5700 users registered voluntarily </li></ul><ul><li>Costs for creation €3000 - €30,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Formally ended June 2008 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Proof of the pudding <ul><li>Question on electronic order form for regular OUNL courses: </li></ul><ul><li>Was taking a free OpenER course a cause to order this course? </li></ul><ul><li>About 10% answered yes. </li></ul>Photo by kochtopf @ Flickr.com
  13. 13. Three key best practices <ul><li>Rely on quality awareness of authors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authors are already used to making self study material </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support of top management is crucial </li></ul><ul><li>Producing open courses should be a regular task at faculties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher delivery reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not dependant on few enthusiastic people </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Main question remaining <ul><li>Sustainability: business model for offering free courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can it ever be without grants? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Someone has to pay for it </li></ul></ul>Photo by tj scenes @ Flickr.com
  15. 15. stOER (Dutch for tough) <ul><li>Way forward with OpenER @ OUNL: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>financial concerns about full OER strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable (?!) three-shell model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each course an OER? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>now starting with piloting this model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In touch with the Ministry of Education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fall-back ‘guarantee’ scenario? </li></ul></ul>Photo @ http://www.sixthman.net/blog/2008/12/
  16. 16. Extension: Spinoza series <ul><ul><li>eminent Dutch researchers (winners of a Spinoza Premium) bring their body of thought and views to a broad public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role model for all researchers in NL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>international exposure of NL top research? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Means <ul><li>develop and offer OpenER courses with all its qualities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-study, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>activating, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interactive, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>different media, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etcetera </li></ul></ul><ul><li>work with Spinoza Premium laureates </li></ul>
  18. 18. Spinoza Series, continued … <ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>launch Nov. 2008 at Spinoza Ceremony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaboration OUNL - NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Hall of Fame’ … two courses so far: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Frits van Oostrom: Mediaeval Literature </li></ul><ul><li>- Johan van Benthem: Logic in Action </li></ul><ul><li> (to be published also in English) </li></ul><ul><li>much interest among Spinoza laureates … </li></ul>
  19. 19. National initiative: Wikiwijs <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>observed success of OER initiatives shown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an increasing set of a variety of OER initiatives in all educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recent policy of ‘schoolbooks for free’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2008: Advice of the Education Council to the Parliament: ‘Make more use of OER f or innovation of education’ </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. National initiative: Wikiwijs <ul><li>In Action … as of Dec. 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minister of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>launches Wikiwijs as a national OER initiative: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- initial focus on primary, secondary and community college education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- but actually for all educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April 2009: broad support in Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 2009: OUNL & Kennisnet start preparing this programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>July 2009: delivery Programme Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12th Aug. 2009: Minister’s final OK ; submission to Parliament </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Wikiwijs: policy objectives … <ul><li>stimulate development and use of OER </li></ul><ul><li>improve access to both open and ‘closed’ digital learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>support teachers in arranging their own learning materials and professionalization </li></ul><ul><li>increase teacher involvement in development and use of OER </li></ul><ul><li>extend options for customized education </li></ul><ul><li>increase quality of education through more flexible and up-to-date learning materials </li></ul>
  22. 22. Wikiwijs will offer … <ul><li>a Repository of open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>a Referatory to digital educational resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>open and closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free access and access to be paid for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>public and commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>easy to use arrangement and development tools for teachers / professors </li></ul><ul><li>end-user support for teachers / professors when creating and using learning materials </li></ul>
  23. 23. Wikiwijs: what’s in a name … <ul><li>Wikiwijs is referring to the philosophy of Wikipedia (using ‘the wisdom of the crowds’) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikiwijs is not referring to the functionality or user interface of Wikipedia </li></ul>Photo by throwthedamnthing @ Flickr.com
  24. 24. Wikiwijs: planning … <ul><li>Dec. 2009: launch of beta version with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>three focus subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secondary, primary, community college sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>as of Sept. 2010: start of roll out to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>other subjects and domains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jan. 2011: delivery of Implementation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>for the years ahead … </li></ul>Photo@geekandpoke.typepad.com/geekandpoke/2008/07/
  25. 25. Wikiwijs: basic principles … <ul><li>maximum (free!) use of existing components of OUNL, Kennisnet and other publicly funded educational organizations </li></ul><ul><li>open standards and open source mandatory </li></ul><ul><li>all OER learning materials and materials for professionalization to be published under CC-BY </li></ul><ul><li>professionalization of both </li></ul><ul><li>teachers and management! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wikiwijs: on quality … <ul><li>Beyond ‘Wisdom of the crowds’: </li></ul><ul><li>peer review </li></ul><ul><li>(uploading only through a user profile) </li></ul><ul><li>adoption organizations / groups </li></ul><ul><li>(compare Connexions) </li></ul><ul><li>competent participants </li></ul><ul><li>(through professionalization) </li></ul>Photo by JoeBeone @ Flickr.com
  27. 27. Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>www.opener.ou.nl www.spinoza.ou.nl www.wikiwijs.nl Thanks to Fred Mulder for his input

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