Introduce team and Green Ambassadors Rise Above Plastics - Partnership with Surfrider Foundation and Algalita Marine Research Foundation Here to talk to you about the impact of plastics on our lives and our environment
How did plastics become so popular? Became popular after World War 2 (1940’s and 50’s) WW II shortages accelerated production of synthetic replacements for rope, rubber, metal and paper – Before this, we saved everything Wives/Moms could be more productive by not having to waste time washing and putting dishes away The problem: every fork, knife, spoon and cup you see in this picture is still in existence today Plastic doesn’t EVER go away – Where is away?
We use plastics every day. From Cell phones to computers to artificial hearts to tooth brushes - we’re surrounded by it. Plastic is strong and durable and should be made for things that need to last a long time (tires, computers) But plastics Should NOT be for “disposable” things that are used for a minute or two and then thrown away (water bottles, star bucks cups, styrofoam to go containers)
What is plastic is made of? Plastic = petroleum (oil) + chemicals + dyes (think about that as you put your mouth on your plastic water bottle) Because it is synthetic, the man-made chemical reaction means that it will never break down. Plastic (synthetic) vs. biodegrade (comes from the earth and goes back into the earth as it came) Plastic DOES NOT BIODEGRADE, it photodegrades, which means it breaks smaller pieces in the sunshine • Plastic requires a lot of energy to make picture a water bottle 1/3 filled with oil. That is how much oil it required to make and ship that single bottle to you. Average tap water costs $0.0015 per gallon while a 16-ounce bottle can cost up to $2’ Source: Pacifica Tribuna Online
Who can guess how many plastic beverage bottles get used in the US every year?
We consume 50 billion water bottles every year in the US alone That’s almost 8,000 bottles every five seconds SOURCE: ^ &quot;A Fountain On Every Corner&quot;, New York Times . Find A Fountain , May 23, 2008.
Who can guess how many plastic beverage bottles get used in the US every year?
Plastic bags Approximately 100 billion plastic bags are used in the United States each year. That’s just the US. Imagine what it is worldwide. SOURCE: EPA http://www.epa.gov/waste/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/mswchar05.pdf
Many of you are probably thinking, “but I recycle” Recycling is great, but can any of you guess what percentage of plastic actually gets recycled here in the US?
Less than 5-10% of our plastic actually gets recycled (based on where you live) Look at the big gap between what is made (red line) and what is recycled (blue line) This graph is from 1995, imagine how much more we produce today, with ipods, plastic water bottles, etc. In 10 th grade we take a field trip to Puente Hills, Los Angeles’ largest landfill and we learned that they ship all of their plastics to China to be recycled, which means it requires more energy, AND we are sending our problems to another country to deal with (pollution, trash) Where does your recycling go? Visit your local recycling center.
Present: Landfill Durable Goods Recycled Unaccounted *Mention that plastic is the most common form of marine liter* We produce approx. 120 billion pounds of plastic in the US every year. Where does it go? 1/2 of this goes straight to the landfill. It gets buried. Roughly 20% gets remade into durable goods - things like car bumpers or circuit boards Between 5-10% gets recycled. Which means we recover it and ship it abroad! That still leaves 25% unaccounted for..... &quot;much of our plastic in the US is getting shipped overseas to countries like china because recycling in US is expensive&quot;
This is where the missing 25% goes to That 25% of plastics that are “unaccounted for” wind up in our streets, rivers, and storm drains In fact, plastic is the MOST COMMON type of marine litter world wide More than 80% of the trash in the ocean comes from the streets (urban runoff) -- only 20% comes from ships These are stormdrains, trash that goes into these flow straight to the ocean (there is no filter or treatment) The picture on the right is the LA river
These pictures show what our oceans look like after it rains in LA All the trash from our streets have flooded to the ocean The top photo is Ballona (pronounced “Buy-own-a”) Creek, you can see a net catching some of the plastics. They remove this net when it rains, so that our streets don’t flood due to back up caused by all the trash
Has anyone ever heard of the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch?” Who can tell me what it is? Our ocean is make up of complex networks of currents that circulate water around the world. These currents create “gyres”, massive, slow rotating whirlpools in which plastic trash can accumulate. Like a giant toilet The North Pacific is the most studied and is believed to be the biggest (US= biggest consumers; China=biggest producers) The gyres itself is 2 times the size of the US 80% or more of the trash in the gyre is PLASTIC Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pacific_Garbage_Patch http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/the-worlds-rubbish-dump-a-garbage-tip-that-stretches-from-hawaii-to-japan-778016.html
As we mentioned before, the North Pacific Gyre is one of the most studied gyres. There are 4 more though. From this image, you can see which one is closest to your home. Many people don’t realize that there are actually 5 oceanic gyres where plastic is believed to accumulate. Here you can see all 5. This year the 5 Gyres project sailed to the North Atlantic and Indian Ocean Gyres, and found plastic in both. Next year they’re going to the South Atlantic and South Pacific. We know that plastic pollution is a global issue.
The Algalita Marine Research Foundation and 5 Gyres sailed out to the north pacific garbage patch on a raft of 15,000 plastic bottles to study it They found that the gyre is made up of small little pieces that look like food to fish (show them the sample taken from the patch) Since then, they have explored 4 of the 5 main gyres and have found plastic in EVERY SINGLE sample they’ve taken in the gyres Because plastic photodegrades into small pieces, the fish are eating the bits of plastic and then we are eating the fish
This is “Mae West”, a snapping turtle that got trapped in a plastic ring when she was a baby. As she grew, the plastic ring didn’t grow with her. This is an example of how even small pieces of plastic trash can have serious consequences when they wind up in the wrong place. (PAUSE) Follow up video by repeating that phrase: “plastics are designed to last forever, but we make products from it that are designed to throw away.” This just doesn’t make sense.
Here’s a turtle caught in a plastic 6 pack ring.
Here is a turtle pooping a plastic bag. You heard me, I said pooping...
1 trillion bags worldwide are used each year, how many must be floating around in the ocean?. Sea birds can get caught in plastic bags. The bird has no way of taking it off.
Birds eat the fish and they eat the floating plastic (bottle caps look like shrimp) Albatross live out in the ocean and skim the water for food They actually die of starvation and malnutrition because their bodies can’t process the plastic they eat and they feel “full”
Came from the stomach of a Laysan Albatross. They mistake our trash for food, eat it, and feed it to their chicks through regurgitation.
Many different marine animals are hurt by our plastic trash. 43% of marine mammals, 86% of sea turtle species, 44% of seabirds, and a growing list of fish. 43 of the marine animals IN or around their bodies
The cow’s stomach was so bloated that the food she ate was coming out of her nose. She also had a deep wound in her pelvic region and showed loss of appetite. These were all indications that she had eaten too much plastic. -The Mumbai Mirror http://envis.maharashtra.gov.in/envis_data/newsletter/August/plastic.html THE HINDU: http://www.hindu.com/2009/08/06/stories/2009080659140200.htm
Plastic particles act like a magnet for pollutants called POP (Persistent, Organic Pollutants) in the ocean. PCBs, DDT, pesticides, and other pollutants that don’t mix with water will stick to plastic. Here you can see a single pellet over time turning brown after time at sea. A single plastic pellet can have up to a million times higher concentration of chemicals than the seawater around it.
We mentioned earlier that plastic is made of oil, chemicals and dies Well, some plastics actually leach the chemicals they are made of (meaning they get into the or onto whatever they touch) Bisphenol (biss-fin-ol) is a plastic hardener found in things like DVDs, the lining of canned food, baby bottles and some water bottles Phthlates (pronounced: tha’lates) is a plastic softener found in things like kids toys, baby teething rings and cosmetics Both of these chemicals disrupt the endocrine system, which regulates mood, growth & development, sexual function and reproductive processes, tissue function and metabolism These chemicals have been shown to cause breast cancer, early puberty, obesity and resistance to chemotherapy, reduced testosterone and lower sperm counts, genital defects, testicular cancer and abnormalities in the reproductive systems ________ Pregnant women with high levels of phthalates delivered babies with a shorter anogential distance (the distance between the anus and the genitals, the shrinkage of which some scholars reflects “feminization” of male anatomy). Baby boys with shorter anogenital distance were also more likely to have undescended testicles and less penile volume Phthalates have been linked in humans to problems with sperm count and sperm quality. BPA was designed to be a synthetic estrogen
Start by BRINGING YOUR OWN WATER BOTTLES (safer, cheaper, look cool) ecousable sells cheap ones, we sell them too! BAG (for shopping, not just groceries, but clothes too); keep them in your car or bike basked: chico bags fold up and fit anywhere like your purse MUG or CUP for coffee shop (they’ll usually give you a discount) restaurants for soda too TUPPERWARE or TIFFIN for leftovers or lunches instead to go boxes SILVERWARE (we make and sell our own fork and spoon pouches and you can use what you’ve got at home) this is a bamboo set KEEP a jar in your car with silverwear –use it for a cup and you’ve got what you need for a party)
SO, what can we do? Refuse, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle in that order (recycling isn’t good enough, we need to stop using plastic in the first place) Refuse plastic and rethink design without plastic (why do we need ALL that packaging?)
Polylactic acid (PLA) = plastic substitute made from fermented plant starch (usually corn) PLA can “BIODEGRADE” into carbon dioxide and water within 3 months in an INDUSTRIAL COMPOSTING facility (heated to 140 degrees Fahrenheit and fed a steady diet of digestive microbes); currently just over 100 facilities in the US; PLA makes it wetter and acidic Estimated that it could take anywhere from 100 to 1,000 years to decompose in a landfill (According a Smithsonian study) + “renewable” resource; doesn’t emit GHG’s when incinerated #7 plastic, but will contaminate plastics if recycled Usually made from genetically modified corn SOURCE: Earth Talk. The Environmental Magazine, Smithsonian http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/10022381.html http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/pla-corn-plastics-460608
SO, we’ve flooded your brain with some frightening facts. But here’s the good news. ITS REALLY EASY TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE. ATTEND local city council meetings- Its really important take the time even once this year when needed to help with bag and bottle bans. This is where the power of students come in! Vote with your dollar - stop purchasing items made out of single-use plastics
Sources: An Implementation Strategy for the California Ocean Protection Council Resolution to Reduce and Prevent Ocean Litter July 24, 2008
Now that you’ve heard about the problem, you can be a part of the solution. Take this message back to your school and your family. Make your community zero waste. Lets stop the flow of throwaway plastics that end up in our oceans. So we’ve taught you this presentation on line. Now its your turn. Find a group of friends, download the script, add some photos of plastic in your community, and help us spread the word. Go on line, fill out the application, and send us your ideas! You may be one of the 100 students selected for plastics are forever youth summit. Lets all help Captain Moore realize his dream to find the solution to plastic pollution. Good luck!
Get online http://www.plasticsareforever.org , and see our videos on how to give this presentation. Download this PowerPoint and customize to fit your audience. Educate yourself and those around you!
When did plastics become so popular? Post-war boom in plastics production Throwaway Living 1950s
The Beach After The Rain Ballona Creek Algalita
Great Pacific Garbage Patch <ul><li>A Gyre is a system of rotating currents in our oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic waste that makes its way into the ocean, accumulates in these currents </li></ul><ul><li>The North Pacific Gyre is roughly twice the size of the US </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the debris in the gyre is PLASTIC </li></ul>
PHOTO: Ecocensorium <ul><li>In Mumbai, a cow was found with 60 lbs (30 kgs) of plastic in its stomach </li></ul><ul><li>According to The Hindu, studies at TANUVAS Center show that 10% of cows are diagnosed with excessive plastic consumption </li></ul>
Annual plastic use per person India = 4.4 lbs / 2 kg in Europe = 132 lbs / 60 kgs US = 176 lbs / 80 kg
Plastic Particles 5cm Time at Sea This pellet has absorbed chemicals, including: DDT, pesticides, PCBs and other pollutants. Plastic Particles absorb chemicals out at sea that do not mix with water.
Plastic in your sushi? 17 pieces of plastic in the stomach of a fish caught in the middle of the Pacific.
Toxic Plastics <ul><li>Plastics Leach the Chemicals They Are Made Of </li></ul><ul><li>Bisphenol A (BPA) </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic hardener </li></ul><ul><li>Used in DVDs, canned food lining, baby bottles, water bottles </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical found in 93% of Americans over the age of 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Phthalates </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic softener </li></ul><ul><li>Found in toys, food packaging, shower curtains, nail polish, hair spray and shampoo, baby teething rings </li></ul>These Chemicals are ‘hormone mimickers’ that affect the Endocrine System.
How can you be the solution to these problems?
BRING YOUR OWN <ul><li>WATER BOTTLE (stainless steel) </li></ul><ul><li>BAG </li></ul><ul><li>CUP </li></ul><ul><li>TUPPERWARE </li></ul><ul><li>SILVERWEAR </li></ul><ul><li>REUSE A GLASS JAR </li></ul>
<ul><li>THINK TWICE </li></ul><ul><li>Do you really need a bag for your bag of chips? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the waiter to wrap in foil instead of styrofoam </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for “no straw” </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t buy things with excess packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Buy the can instead of the plastic bottle </li></ul><ul><li>Shop at the local farmer’s markets </li></ul><ul><li>Bring your own salsa/jam jar to parties. Its free! </li></ul>REFUSE , REDUCE, REUSE… then RECYCLE
BIOPLASTICS Plant based, biodegradable plastic <ul><li>We can change the material design of plastic </li></ul>
SUPPORT LEGISLATION TO BAN DISPOSABLE PLASTICS BAGS, BOTTLES, AND STYROFOAM
Encourage “Extended Producer Responsibility” (EPR) <ul><li>Companies that make and package products are held responsible for the end life of these products - collection and disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>EPR Motivates producers to reduce the waste they produce, and make products more recyclable. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by Germany in 1991 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging waste reduced by 14% in first four years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling rose to 75%! </li></ul></ul>
Spread the Word…with a SMILE <ul><li>Share what you’ve learned </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your friends and family to join you </li></ul><ul><li>Speak to city council </li></ul><ul><li>Write letters to government officials </li></ul><ul><li>Get your school involved </li></ul>
Go home and Inspire <ul><li>Go to( www.plasticsareforever.org ) to see how to give this presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Download this PowerPoint and customize to fit your audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach to schools, businesses, organizations, etc. to spread the word. </li></ul>