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Morse relt7008 10

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Morse relt7008 10

  1. 1. How to Use Reflection Effectively in the Online Environment<br />Reflection<br />
  2. 2. Social Learning Perspective<br />A collection of observable behaviors.<br />Organized based on observable perspectives.<br />Relates to the situational environment people experience (Mearns, 2009).<br />Will relate to changes observed in individuals in group situations.<br />A model that changes over time (Blackmore, 2010). <br />As applied to reflection, change may be situation-based.<br />
  3. 3. The Role of Reflection<br />The role of reflection.<br />Reflection is a search for connections (Zubizarreta, 2009).<br />Reflection is a form of mental processing.<br />Must be purposeful.<br />The purpose of reflection is to improve the learning process.<br />Both learners and facilitators benefit from purposeful reflection.<br />Must be specific.<br />Vague reflection is empty and serves no true purpose.<br />The more specific the feedback is, the greater impact reflection can have.<br />
  4. 4. Promoting Reflection<br />Cyclical process<br />Reflection is present in both the practice and application stages of the learning process.<br />Phases of reflection (Li, Day & Forlizzi, 2011).<br />Discovery: identified with asking History, Goals, Context, and Factors questions.<br />Maintenance: identified with asking Status and Discrepancy questions.<br />Promoting reflection<br />Proper reflection will facilitate awareness for the need of continued practice.<br />
  5. 5. Reflection and Learner Collaboration<br />Built-in structure<br />Provide a structured time for collaboration.<br />Peer pedagogy (Ching & Kafai, 2008)<br />Interaction among peer groups to strategically solve problems.<br />Emphasize the social nature<br />Learners will find a way to reflect throughout a collaborative session.<br />The end result<br />When all group members participate appropriately, the process will be fulfilled.<br />
  6. 6. Summary<br />Reflection’s Role<br />Connections between past and potential learning experiences.<br />Promoting Reflection<br />Examine the process.<br />Recognize the phases.<br />Focus on awareness.<br />Collaboration<br />Peer-mediated process engages and fosters reflection.<br />
  7. 7. References<br />Blackmore, C. (2010). Social learning systems and communities of practice. New York, NY: Springer<br />Ching, C. & Kafai, Y. (2008). Peer pedagogy: Student collaboration and reflection in a learning-through-design project. Teachers College Record (110), 2601-2632.<br />Hogset, H. & Barrett, C. (2010). Social learning, social influence, and projection bias: A caution on inferences based on proxy-reporting of peer behavior. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 58(3).<br />
  8. 8. References<br />Li, I., Day, A. & Forlizzi, J. (2011). Understanding my data, myself: Supporting self-reflection with Ubicomp Technologies. Retrieved from http://ianli.com/publications/2011-ianli-ubicomp-understanding-my-data.pdf<br />Mearns, J. (2009). Social learning theory. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of human relationships (vol. 3) (pp. 1537-1540). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.<br />Zubizarreta, J. (2009). The Learning Portfolio: Reflective Practice for Improving Student Learning, Second Edition. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass.<br />

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