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Pediatric nursing...ppt unit i

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Pediatric nursing...ppt unit i

  1. 1. PEDIATRIC NURSING 1 Rahul Dhaker ,lecturer, Pal college of Nursing
  2. 2. CONCEPT OF CHILD HEALTH 2
  3. 3. The term pediatric is derived from the Greek words- Pedia child iatrike treatment ics branch of science Pediatric means the science of child care and scientific treatment of childhood disease. Pediatric is synonymous with child health 3
  4. 4. DEFINITION  “pediatric can be defined as the branch of medical science that deals with the care of childhood from conception to adolescent in health and illness. It concern with prevention, promotion, curative and rehabilitative care of children.” 4
  5. 5. TRENDS IN PEDIATRIC NURSING  The current trends in the practice are based on research that have taken place n the field of pediatric nursing. The common trends are as following: Family centred care  High technology care  Evidence –based practice  Atraumatic care  Cost containment  Prevention and health promotion 5
  6. 6. ROLE OF THE PEDIATRIC NURSE  The role of pediatric nurse is both caring and curing. Caring is a continuous process in both wellness and illness. It refers a helping, guiding and counseling. Curing refers to the act of diagnosis and management, usually during illness.  Pediatric nurse have the responsibilities of providing nursing care in hospital, home, clinical, school and community where children and their parents have health and counseling needs. 6
  7. 7. CONT… ROLE OF THE PEDIATRIC NURSE  Primary caregiver  Health educator  Nurse- counselor  Social  Team •Manager •Child care advocate •Recreationist worker coordinator and collaborator •Nurse consultant •Nurse researcher 7
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION OF VITAL STATISTICS 8
  9. 9.  Statistics is a science of collection of numerical facts and drawing conclusion from such data.  Vital Statistics are statistics relating to vital events of life name births, death, marriage and sickness that occurring in community. 9
  10. 10. DEFINITION vital statistics is the numerical description birth, death, abortion, marriage, divorce, adoption, and judicial separation. 10
  11. 11. IMPORTANT VITAL STATISTICAL RATES  Birth rate  Specific death rate  Perinatal mortality rate  Neonatal mortality rate  Postnatal mortality rate  Infant mortality rate  Under five mortality rate 11
  12. 12. PERINATAL MORTALITY RATE 12
  13. 13. NEONATAL MORTALITY RATE  Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.  Neonatal mortality rate = Number of neonatal deaths ----------------------------------------------- X 1000 Total number of live births 13
  14. 14. POSTNATAL MORTALITY RATE 14
  15. 15. INFANT MORTALITY RATE 15
  16. 16. UNDER FIVE MORTALITY RATE 16

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