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- 1. LENZ’S LAW
- 2. Heinrich F.E. Lenz• Russian physicist• (1804-1865)• 1834 Lenz’s Law• There is an induced current in a closed conducting loop if and only if the magnetic flux through the loop is changing. The direction of the induced current is such that the induced magnetic field always opposes the change in the flux.
- 3. There is an induced current in a closed conducting loop if and only ifthe magnetic flux through the loop is changing. The direction of theinduced current is such that the induced magnetic field always opposesthe change in the flux.
- 4. Right Hand Rule• If you wrap your fingers around the coil in the direction of the current, your thumb points north.
- 5. If the field of the bar magnet is already in the loop and themagnet is removed, the induced current is in the direction thattries to keep the field constant
- 6. 2 Direction of induced current b Lenzs law In both cases, magnet moves against a force. Work is done during the motion & it is transferred as electrical energy. Induced I always flows to oppose the movement which started it.
- 7. Example 1 Current induced along a coilA bar magnet passes through a coil: (i) (ii) (iii)(a) Indicate the direction of the induced I in each case. Explain briefly.
- 8. Example 1 Current induced along a coil(a) Indicate the direction of the induced I. Explain.S N When magnet’s N-pole is movingI into coil, (i) induced I flows in such a direction as to produce a N-poleLenz’s law to oppose the approaching of magnet.
- 9. Example 1 Current induced along a coil(a) Indicate the direction of the induced I. Explain. (ii) The induced I become zero I is about to change direction. ∴
- 10. Example 1 Current induced along a coil(a) Indicate the direction of the induced I. Explain. N S I (iii) When magnet’s S-pole is leaving the coil, induced I flows in such a direction as to produce a N-pole to oppose the leaving of magnet.
- 11. Lenz’s Law • Alternating current through the coil • What happens to Iron core? • What will happen to the ring?
- 12. Lenz’s Law • The changing magnetic field in the coil due to the change in current induces a current in the metal ring. Lenz’s Law states that the magnetic field in the ring opposes the magnetic field of the coil and forces the ring to fly away.
- 13. Lenz’s Law • What just happened? • How often does this occur?
- 14. Applications of Magnetic Induction• Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) Trains • Induced surface (“eddy”) currents produce field in opposite direction Repels magnet Levitates train S N rails “eddy” current • Maglev trains today can travel up to 310 mph Twice the speed of Amtrak’s fastest conventional train!
- 15. liner induction 0-70 mph in 3 sec
- 16. liner induction
- 17. FALLING MAGNET • the copper tube "sees" a changing magnetic field from the falling magnet. This changing magnetic field induces a current in the copper tube. • The induced current in the copper tube creates its own magnetic field that opposes the magnetic field that created it.

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