Representational practices and feminist theories of art Perspectives on Women & the Arts
Historical Options: Madonna (Virgin) <ul><li>Madonna in Her Chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Jan van Eyck , 1390-1440  c.1435-36 ...
Historical Options: Object of Desire (Whore)  <ul><li>Venus of Urbino </li></ul><ul><li>Titian </li></ul><ul><li>1538 </li...
Historical Options: Object of Desire (Whore)  <ul><li>Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>Edouard Manet </li></ul><ul><li>1863-1865 ...
Biblical Scenes: Male Artist <ul><li>Judith Beheading Holofernes </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio </li>...
Biblical Scenes: Female Artist <ul><li>Judith and Holofernes </li></ul><ul><li>Artemisia Gentileschi </li></ul><ul><li>cir...
Distinctive Feminine Style/Media  <ul><li>Penelope at Her Loom </li></ul><ul><li>Tapestry--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D...
Pottery as “Craft” not “Art” <ul><li>Storage jar </li></ul><ul><li>United States, Arizona, ... </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1125-1...
Creating “Art” from “Craft” <ul><li>Detail, Wing 3 of The Dinner Party </li></ul><ul><li>Judy Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>19...
Definitions and Innovation <ul><li>“ Stylistic originality is not found in any work per se” (Kraft 12). </li></ul><ul><li>...
Example 1: Lichtenstein <ul><li>Blam </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Lichtenstein </li></ul><ul><li>1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Nude Recl...
Example 2: Krasner & Pollock <ul><li>Untitled </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Krasner </li></ul><ul><li>1949 </li></ul><ul><li>White...
Example 3: Warhol <ul><li>Brillo Box  </li></ul><ul><li>(Soap Pads) </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Warhol </li></ul><ul><li>1964 <...
Where does this leave us? <ul><li>What conclusions do Kraft and Nochlin come to in their articles on women’s art or femini...
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Perspectives on women & the arts

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Perspectives on women & the arts

  1. 1. Representational practices and feminist theories of art Perspectives on Women & the Arts
  2. 2. Historical Options: Madonna (Virgin) <ul><li>Madonna in Her Chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Jan van Eyck , 1390-1440 c.1435-36 </li></ul><ul><li>Madonna and Child with Saint John the Baptist </li></ul><ul><li>Sandro Botticelli (1444 or 1445-1510) c. 1468 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Options: Object of Desire (Whore) <ul><li>Venus of Urbino </li></ul><ul><li>Titian </li></ul><ul><li>1538 </li></ul><ul><li>The Grand Odalisque </li></ul><ul><li>Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres </li></ul><ul><li>1814 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historical Options: Object of Desire (Whore) <ul><li>Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>Edouard Manet </li></ul><ul><li>1863-1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Te Arii vahine (King's Wife) </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Gauguin </li></ul><ul><li>1896 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Biblical Scenes: Male Artist <ul><li>Judith Beheading Holofernes </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1597-98 </li></ul><ul><li>Judith with the Head of Holofernes </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Paul Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1616 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Biblical Scenes: Female Artist <ul><li>Judith and Holofernes </li></ul><ul><li>Artemisia Gentileschi </li></ul><ul><li>circa 1620 </li></ul><ul><li>------------------ </li></ul><ul><li>Why are there no great women artists? </li></ul><ul><li>One feminist response: “Dig up examples of worthy or insufficiently appreciated women artists throughout history” (Nochlin 230). </li></ul><ul><li>How does Gentileschi’s version differ from the male artists? What does Kraft have to say about this work? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Distinctive Feminine Style/Media <ul><li>Penelope at Her Loom </li></ul><ul><li>Tapestry--Flanders (Belgium)--15th C. A.D Women employees </li></ul><ul><li>------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>“ Different kind of greatness for women’s art than for men’s” (Nochlin 230). </li></ul><ul><li>Women commonly worked on tapestries and pottery—media that are often less valued as “art” than paintings or sculptures from the same period. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pottery as “Craft” not “Art” <ul><li>Storage jar </li></ul><ul><li>United States, Arizona, ... </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1125-1200 </li></ul><ul><li>Jar </li></ul><ul><li>Gladys Paquin </li></ul><ul><li>1994 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Creating “Art” from “Craft” <ul><li>Detail, Wing 3 of The Dinner Party </li></ul><ul><li>Judy Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>1974-79 </li></ul><ul><li>Snake Goddess place setting </li></ul><ul><li>Judy Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>1979 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Definitions and Innovation <ul><li>“ Stylistic originality is not found in any work per se” (Kraft 12). </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Kraft believe this? </li></ul><ul><li>“ One must know to what tradition it belongs and how it is connected in time to the elements of tradition. … Stylistic originality is, then, an attribute added to a work of art from other information, not one derived from it” (12). </li></ul><ul><li>How does this conflict with feminist definitions of art, for Kraft? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Example 1: Lichtenstein <ul><li>Blam </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Lichtenstein </li></ul><ul><li>1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Nude Reclining </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Lichtenstein </li></ul><ul><li>1994 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Example 2: Krasner & Pollock <ul><li>Untitled </li></ul><ul><li>Lee Krasner </li></ul><ul><li>1949 </li></ul><ul><li>White Light </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>1954 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example 3: Warhol <ul><li>Brillo Box </li></ul><ul><li>(Soap Pads) </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Warhol </li></ul><ul><li>1964 </li></ul><ul><li>----------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>“ The determination of stylistic originality can only be made by knowing something about the background of a work, which is the historical circumstances of its creation” (Kraft 12). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Where does this leave us? <ul><li>What conclusions do Kraft and Nochlin come to in their articles on women’s art or feminist art? </li></ul><ul><li>How do their conclusions combine or conflict with your own definition of art? </li></ul><ul><li>Keep these considerations in mind when writing your introductory paper AND think about them in relation to music and literature as well, as we move on this semester. </li></ul>

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