Theology I Introduction

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Theology I Introduction

  1. 1. 106 Theology I Tuesday 18 January 2011
  2. 2. Assignment - due 25th January Write your own creed or statement of faith. It should contain what you believe are the essential truths of your Christian faith No more than 12 lines. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  3. 3. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  4. 4. There is one God who created all things. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  5. 5. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  6. 6. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  7. 7. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  8. 8. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Jesus died as a substitute for sinners so they could be forgiven. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  9. 9. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Jesus died as a substitute for sinners so they could be forgiven. Jesus rose from the dead. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  10. 10. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Jesus died as a substitute for sinners so they could be forgiven. Jesus rose from the dead. Jesus will one day return to judge the world. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  11. 11. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Jesus died as a substitute for sinners so they could be forgiven. Jesus rose from the dead. Jesus will one day return to judge the world. Josh Harris Tuesday 18 January 2011
  12. 12. There is one God who created all things. God is triune, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Bible is God’s inerrant word to humanity. Jesus is the virgin born, eternal Son of God. Jesus died as a substitute for sinners so they could be forgiven. Jesus rose from the dead. Jesus will one day return to judge the world. Josh Harris Dug Down Deep, page 14 Tuesday 18 January 2011
  13. 13. Required Textbooks Lewis Sperry Chafer and John Walvoord, ed. Major Bible Themes Tuesday 18 January 2011
  14. 14. Tony Evans. Our God Is Awesome: Encountering the Greatness of Our God Tuesday 18 January 2011
  15. 15. Recommended Resources Max E. Anders. 30 Days to Understanding what Christians Believe Charles R. Swindoll. Growing Deep in the Christian Life Millard J. Erickson. Christian Theology, 2 vols Tuesday 18 January 2011
  16. 16. Learning Outcomes The student who successfully completes this course will be able to: 1. Defend the biblical doctrine of the Bible. 2. Defend the biblical doctrine of the Trinity. 3. Defend the biblical doctrine of God the Father. 4. Defend the biblical doctrine of God the Son. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  17. 17. 5. Defend the biblical doctrine of God the Holy Spirit. 6. Defend the biblical doctrines of angels and Satan. 7. Defend the biblical doctrine of mankind. 8. Explain Bible dispensations and covenants. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  18. 18. 9. Contribute to a group presentation on applying theology to worship. 10. Present a typed illustrated visual project on theology. 11. Create a typed illustrated booklet/term paper titled, Summary of Major Bible Doctrines. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  19. 19. Course Objective. The mission is to bring glory to God by assisting local churches to equip believers of various cultures and languages to live and minister biblically based on the inerrant Word of God. The course objective is to take student-leaders from where they are and move them to where they need to be. Students will learn how: Tuesday 18 January 2011
  20. 20. (1) to read with their brains, (2) to remember what they have read, (3) to sharpen their thoughts through journaling, (4) to speak effectively before others, (5) to work as learning teams of leaders (5) to biblically apply what they are learning to life, family, and ministry. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  21. 21. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  22. 22. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  23. 23. Time to think: Tuesday 18 January 2011
  24. 24. Time to think: Are doctrine and theology the same thing? Tuesday 18 January 2011
  25. 25. Time to think: Are doctrine and theology the same thing? What do you think doctrine is - how would you define it? Tuesday 18 January 2011
  26. 26. Time to think: Are doctrine and theology the same thing? What do you think doctrine is - how would you define it? How many of the “10 Great Bible Doctrines” can you name? Tuesday 18 January 2011
  27. 27. The 10 6. Man 1. Bible 7. Sin 2. God 8. Salvation 3. Christ 9. Church 4. Holy Spirit 10. Future 5. Angels Things Tuesday 18 January 2011
  28. 28. The 10 6. Man 1. Bible 7. Sin 2. God 8. Salvation 3. Christ 9. Church 4. Holy Spirit 10. Future 5. Angels Things Max Anders suggests that there is a logical progression through these, making them easy to remember Tuesday 18 January 2011
  29. 29. The course will have the following major sections: Section 1: The Bible Section 2: God the Father Section 3: God the Son Section 4: God the Holy Spirit Section 5: The Dispensations and the Covenants Section 6: The Angels Section 7: Man and Sin Tuesday 18 January 2011
  30. 30. Defining Theology “The study or science of God.” –Millard Erickson Christian Theology “Thinking about God and expressing those thoughts in some way.” –Charles Ryrie Basic Theology Tuesday 18 January 2011
  31. 31. “Theology is for everyone. Indeed, everyone needs to be a theologian. In reality, everyone is a theologian —of one sort or another. And therein lies the problem. There is nothing wrong with being an amateur theologian or a professional theologian, but there is everything wrong with being an ignorant or sloppy theologian.” —Charles Ryrie Basic Theology Tuesday 18 January 2011
  32. 32. Joshua Harris in Dug Down Deep, "When we talk about the knowledge of God, we're talking about theology. Simply put, theology is the study of the nature of God - who he is and how he thinks and acts. but theology isn't high on many people's lists of daily concerns... Tuesday 18 January 2011
  33. 33. Theology isn't for a certain group of people. In fact it's impossible for anyone to escape theology, it's everywhere. All of us are constantly "doing theology. In other words, all of us have some idea or opinion about what God is like... We all have some level of knowledge. This level can be much or little, informed or uninformed, true or false, but we all have some concept of God...and we all base our lives on what we think God is like... Tuesday 18 January 2011
  34. 34. I've come to learn that theology matters. And it matters not because we want a good grade on a test but because what we know about God shapes the way we live and think. What you believe about God's nature - what he is like, what he wants from you, and whether or not you will answer to him - affects every part of your life... Tuesday 18 January 2011
  35. 35. Theology matters, because if we get it wrong, then our whole life will be wrong” Joshua Harris Tuesday 18 January 2011
  36. 36. A Definition of Systematic Theology Any study that answers the question, “What does the whole Bible say to us today?” about any given topic John Frame, Quoted by Wayne Grudem Tuesday 18 January 2011
  37. 37. What the whole Bible has to say on a topic - collecting all the relevant passages on a subject and then clearly summarising the teaching Application for us today - throughout the Bible this is the case Organized and reasoned- As opposed to disorganized Tuesday 18 January 2011
  38. 38. “A Doctrine is what the whole Bible teaches us today about some particular topic” Wayne Grudem Systematic Theology p.25 In this way a doctrine can be very large, e.g. God, or small, God’s eternity Tuesday 18 January 2011
  39. 39. Easley’s levels of Systematic Theology Suggests 3 levels of doctrines First-level: doctrines that define orthodoxy (RAISED FIST) To deny a first-level doctrine is to be in heresy and likely to be outside of Christ and the gospel The Ancient Creeds and the Pillars of the Reformation serve as reliable guidelines Example: the bodily resurrection of Jesus Tuesday 18 January 2011
  40. 40. Second-level: doctrines that define denominations (OUTTHRUST PALM) To deny a second-level doctrine is to be in error Those disagreeing here may have difficulty sharing church membership, but not Christian fellowship Example: the proper candidates for baptism Tuesday 18 January 2011
  41. 41. Third-level: doctrines that express personal preference and about which there is much question (OPEN PALM) Persons of all preferences are welcome Example: questions about the nature of the tribulation Tuesday 18 January 2011
  42. 42. How does Systematic Theology relate to other disciplines? 1. Biblical Theology a. Old Testament - e.g. What does Deuteronomy, Psalms etc. teach about prayer? b. New Testament - e.g. What does John’s gospel, Paul etc. teach about prayer Tuesday 18 January 2011
  43. 43. Biblical theology as a whole contains a. and b. but also gives special emphasis to individual authors, topics and to historical development of a topic. - e.g. What is the historical development of the teaching about prayer through the history of the OT and then NT? Additionally it takes into account the understanding the original hearers would have possessed. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  44. 44. 2. Historical theology - historical study of how Christians in different periods have understood various theological topics 3. Philosophical theology - studying theological topics without using the Bible, using philosophical methods and tools to reason what can be known about God from the universe Tuesday 18 January 2011
  45. 45. 4. Apologetics - defending the Christian faith to unbelievers 5. Ethics - what we should do and what attitude we should have - theology is about believing and knowing - abortion, birth control, lying, war, owning property, homosexuality, government, care for the poor etc. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  46. 46. Why should we study systematic theology? To obey the Great Commission Matt. 28:18-20(= to learn and teach “all that Jesus commanded”) - Teaching requires summarizing and synthesizing Scripture It helps us overcome wrong ideas It helps us make better decisions It helps us grow as Christians Tuesday 18 January 2011
  47. 47. How should Christians study systematic theology? With prayer With humility With reason With help from others With rejoicing and praise Tuesday 18 January 2011
  48. 48. Pride of Correct Doctrine Closely akin to moral pride is doctrinal pride, the assumption that whatever my doctrinal beliefs are, they are correct and anyone who holds another belief is theologically inferior...It doesn’t matter if we are Arminians or Calvinists, whether we subscribe to Dispensational or Covenant theology, or perhaps have embraced some form of eclectic theology, we tend to think our doctrinal beliefs are the correct ones and look with some disdain on those whose beliefs are different from ours. And then to complete the spectrum of this type of pride, there are those who don’t consider doctrine important and so look with disdain on those of us who do. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  49. 49. If your Calvinism or Arminianism or dispensationalism, or your view concerning the end times, or your disdain for all doctrinal beliefs causes you to feel doctrinally superior to those who hold other views, then you are probably guilty of the sin of doctrinal pride. I’m not suggesting that we should not seek to know about the truths of scripture and develop doctrinal convictions about what the scriptures teach; I am saying that w should hold our convictions in humility, realizing that many godly and theologically capable people hold other convictions. Jerry Bridges in Respectable Sins (p92-92) Tuesday 18 January 2011
  50. 50. Tuesday 18 January 2011
  51. 51. At the end of each section 3 students will be assigned the task of working together and compiling a summary sheet, the Irreducible Minimum, of no more than 2 sides of A4 paper, for each section Tuesday 18 January 2011
  52. 52. Section 1: The Bible - Nelson, Lilly, Leena Section 2: God the Father - Muana, Moa, Moashun Section 3: God the Son - Pashungam, Reisangmi, Repute Section 4: God the Holy Spirit - Robin, Sanga, Sharon Tuesday 18 January 2011
  53. 53. Section 5: The Dispensations and the Covenants - Shimreishang, Shontharla, Tenzin Section 6: The Angels -Thanreihor Vumginthang, Khashim Section 7: Man and Sin - Khanyo, Vin, Wungathing Tuesday 18 January 2011

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