Chafer, Bible Doctrines: God the Son part 2


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Notes from Chafers book. This is part of Theology I being taught at Life Transforming College International in Siliguri.

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Chafer, Bible Doctrines: God the Son part 2

  1. 1. God The SonThursday 19 May 2011
  2. 2. Areas covered in this section: Study chapters 8-13 in Major Bible Themes. God the Son: His Deity & Incarnation God the Son: His Incarnation God the Son: His Substitutionary Death God the Son: His Resurrection God the Son: His Ascension and Priestly Ministry God the Son: His Coming for His God the Son: His Coming with His Saints Although we have studied some aspects of Jesus in considering Evans’ book Chafer will take a more traditional approach to the subjectThursday 19 May 2011
  3. 3. God The Son His ResurrectionThursday 19 May 2011
  4. 4. A. Resurrection in the OTResurrection of men andChrist are taught in the OT -Job 19:25-27Specific OT prophecies ofresurrection of the humanbody - Job 14:13-15, Isa26:19, Dan 12:2The resurrection of Christ -Ps 16:9-10 - not seeingcorruption is not being in theground long enough for abody to decay (Acts 2:24-31)Ps 22: 22, 118:22-24Thursday 19 May 2011
  5. 5. B. Christ’s prediction of his own resurrection These are frequent and explicit in the Gospels, making it hard to question: Matt 16:21, 17:23, 20:17-19, 28-29, 31-32, Mk 9:30-32Thursday 19 May 2011
  6. 6. C. Proofs of the resurrection of Christ There is a lot of NT evidence for the resurrection - at least 17 post resurrection appearances: 1. To Mary Magdalene - Jn 20:11-17 2. To women - Matt 28:9-10 3. To Peter - Lk 24:34 4. Emmaus Road - Lk 24:13-35 5. When Thomas was absent - Lk 26:34-43Thursday 19 May 2011
  7. 7. 6. To the 11 a week after theresurrection - Jn 20:26-297. To 7 disciples by Galilee -Jn 21:1-238. To 500 - 1 Cor 15:69. To James, the Lord’sbrother - 1 Cor 15:710. To the 11 on themountain in Galilee - Matt28:16-2011. When ascending fromthe Mt. of Olives - Lk 24:44ff12. To Stephen before he wasmartyred - Acts 7:55-56Thursday 19 May 2011
  8. 8. 13. To Paul on theDamascus road - Acts 9:3-6 14. To Paul in Arabia -Acts 20:2415. To Paul in the temple- Acts 22: 17-2116. To Paul in prison inCaesarea - Acts 23: 1117. To John - Rev 1:12-20Thursday 19 May 2011
  9. 9. D. Reasons for the resurrection Christ arose... 1. Because of who he is - Acts 2:24 2. To fulfill the Davidic covenant - 2 Sam 7:12-16, Isa 9:6-7, Lk 1:33-35 3. To give resurrection life - Jn 10:10-11, 11:25-26, Eph 2:6 4. To be the source of resurrection power - Matt 28:18, Eph 1:19-21Thursday 19 May 2011
  10. 10. 5. To be head over the church - Eph 1:20-23 6. Because our justification has been accomplished - Rom 4:25 7. To be the firstfruits of resurrection - 1 Cor 15: 20-23Thursday 19 May 2011
  11. 11. E. The significance of the resurrectionThe resurrection is the mostimportant proof for the deityof Christ - power over deathand sin is therefore the divinestandard.Chafer suggests the first dayof the week in thisdispensation is aboutcommemorating theresurrection not observingthe sabbath.1 Cor 15:17 -And if Christhas not been raised, yourfaith is futile and you are stillin your sins.Thursday 19 May 2011
  12. 12. God The Son His Ascension and Priestly Ministry This is a really terrible picture of JesusThursday 19 May 2011
  13. 13. A. The fact of the ascension of ChristMk 16:19, Lk 24:50-51, Act1:9-11 - predicted in Jn 20:17Acts 1:9-11 says this was a literalfact -”...he was lifted up, and acloud took him out of theirsight. And while they were gazinginto heaven as he went...ThisJesus, who was taken up fromyou into heaven, will come in thesame way as you saw him go intoheaven."There is significance in this beinga literal event as Jesus willreturn in the same way.Thursday 19 May 2011
  14. 14. B. The arrival of Christ in heavenOn a number ofoccasions scripturetestifies to Christ havingarrived in heaven:Acts 2:33-36, 3:21,7:55-56, 9:3-6, Eph1:20-22, Php 2:6-11,Heb 1:3, 13, 2:7, Rev1:7, 13-18, 5:5-12,6:9-17, 14:1-5,19:11-16Thursday 19 May 2011
  15. 15. C. The meaning of the Ascension The return of Christ to heaven marked the end of his earthly ministry. Also his glory, which had been hidden whilst he was on earth, returned. His entrance into heaven was in triumph and into a new work at the right hand of the Father. Ps 110:1, Matt 22:24, Mk 12:36, 16:19, Lk 20:42-43Thursday 19 May 2011
  16. 16. In heaven he is universal Lord awaiting his triumphal second coming to earth. Christ is on the Fathers throne in heaven, not the Davidic earthly throne. Earth will one day be his footstool and he will have a throne on earth - Matt 25:31Thursday 19 May 2011
  17. 17. D. The present work of Christ in heavenThere are 7 truths relating toChrist and his church and hispresent work within it:1. He is the last Adam, head ofthe new creation2. Head of the Body of Christ3. The Great Shepherd4. The True Vine5. The chief cornerstone6. The High Priest7. The BridegroomHis present chief ministry is asHigh Priest representing thechurch before GodThursday 19 May 2011
  18. 18. 1. As high priest Christ ministersin heaven on behalf of those whobelong to him in the world. Heb8:1-2Being received by the Father showshis earthly ministry has beenaccepted. Sitting on the Fathersthrone shows that he is expecting atime when his kingdom will come onearth and his will be done “on earthas in heaven” The time will comewhenRev 11:15 -"The kingdom of theworld has become the kingdom of ourLord and of his Christ, and he shallreign forever and ever." (also Ps 2:8)Thursday 19 May 2011
  19. 19. 2. As high priest he givesspiritual gifts - spiritual abilitiesgiven by the HSp.Rom 12:3-8, 1 Cor 12:4-11 -Chafer says these are examples,but that the life has to be whollyyielded to God for the gift to befully experienced - Rom 12:1-2,6-8Also Eph 4:7-11 shows gifts ofmen given locally to the church1 Cor 12:11 -All these areempowered by one and the sameSpirit, who apportions to eachone individually as he wills.Thursday 19 May 2011
  20. 20. 3. The ascended Christintercedes for his people -begun by him before he leftthe earth - Jn 17:1-26 - hedoes this knowing theweakness and limitations ofhis people - his care f Peter isused to illustrate this - Lk22:31-32Christ’s intercession isunendingHeb 7:25 -he is able to saveto the uttermost those whodraw near to God throughhim, since he always lives tomake intercession for them.Thursday 19 May 2011
  21. 21. 4. Christ stands before God on behalf of his own - sin separates the sinner from God and is removed only by what Jesus did. 1 Jn 1:9 What effect does our sin have upon a holy God? Because of Christ’s advocacy we have absolute security even when we are sinning! An advocate pleads the case of another Heb 9:24 -For Christ has entered... into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.Thursday 19 May 2011
  22. 22. Rev 12:10 - ...for theaccuser of our brothers hasbeen thrown down, whoaccuses them day and nightbefore our God.Satan accuses us before Godday and night - we need theintercession of Jesus. Goddoes not treat any sin lightlyand it needs the blood ofJesus to be pleaded beforeGod to preserve and free usfrom Gods righteousjudgement of sin.Thursday 19 May 2011
  23. 23. This knowledge is given to help us stop sinning, not to make excuses for us to sin - 1 Jn 2:1 -My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.Thursday 19 May 2011
  24. 24. E. The present work of Christ on earthChrist is said to indwell and bewith his church even whilst heis in heaven - Matt 28:18-20He abides in his church bygiving eternal life to them - Jn1:4, 10;10, 11:25Jn 14:23 -"If anyone lovesme, he will keep my word, andmy Father will love him, andwe will come to him and makeour home with him.”Christ calls people to his body,empowers and sanctifies themto be his witnesses on earth.Thursday 19 May 2011