2. god attributes holiness


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2. god attributes holiness

  1. 1. The Attributes of God Attribute: a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or somethingTuesday 22 November 2011
  2. 2. The love of God is wonderful news only when we understand his transcendence - when we tremble at his holiness, when we are amazed by his perfection and power. God’s love is perceived as amazing only when we realise that the one thing we truly deserve from him is his righteous wrath and eternal punishment for our disobedience and disloyalty. Seeing God as who he is leaves us asking with the Psalmist, “What is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him?” Psalm 8:4 Harris, Dug Down Deep p 46Tuesday 22 November 2011
  3. 3. The Holiness of GodTuesday 22 November 2011
  4. 4. Reginald Heber Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty! Early in the morning our song shall rise to Thee; Holy, holy, holy, merciful and mighty! God in Three Persons, blessèd Trinity! Holy, holy, holy! all the saints adore Thee, Casting down their golden crowns around the glassy sea; Cherubim and seraphim falling down before Thee, Which wert, and art, and evermore shalt be.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  5. 5. Holy, holy, holy! though the darkness hide Thee, Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see; Only Thou art holy; there is none beside Thee, Perfect in power, in love, and purity. Holy, holy, holy! Lord God Almighty! All Thy works shall praise Thy Name, in earth, and sky, and sea; Holy, holy, holy, merciful and mighty! God in Three Persons, blessèd Trinity!Tuesday 22 November 2011
  6. 6. “God’s holiness means he is separated from sin and devoted to seeking his own honour” Wayne GrudemTuesday 22 November 2011
  7. 7. “God’s holiness means he is separated from sin and devoted to seeking his own honour” Wayne GrudemTuesday 22 November 2011
  8. 8. “When the Bible calls God holy, it means primarily that God is transcendentally separate. He is so far above and beyond us that He seems almost foreign to us.” RC SproulTuesday 22 November 2011
  9. 9. “The Bible says that God is holy, holy, holy. Not that He is merely holy, or even holy, holy. He is holy, holy, holy. The Bible never says that God is love, love, love, or mercy, mercy, mercy, or wrath, wrath, wrath, or justice, justice, justice. It does say that He is holy, holy, holy, the whole earth is full of His glory.” RC SproulTuesday 22 November 2011
  10. 10. What will we learn about God’s holiness? •Separate •Morally pure •Every part of God’s characterTuesday 22 November 2011
  11. 11. Since the sin of Adam we have found it difficult to tune into the “God Channel” - like a poorly focussed picture our perception is simply not clear. Part of this continues even when we get born again due to the fact God is so different to mankind. God’s holiness is one thing that highlights how different we are to God.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  12. 12. “God’s holiness is his intrinsic and transcendent purity, the standard of righteousness to which the whole universe must conform” Tony Evans God is the standard for creation - all else must conform to him, not vice versa - bad is bad in the light of God’s holy standard. We shall look at 5 aspects of God’s holiness.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  13. 13. 1. God’s Central Attribute Holiness is the centrepiece of God’s attributes. Of all he is, God at the centre of his being is holy. Exodus 15 will form the basis for this section.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  14. 14. 1.a. Majestic in Holiness Moses uses poetic language to describe the deliverance of the people - and then sums it all up in verse 11 - there he says if you want to understand God’s actions you have to understand them in concert with his holiness. Ex 15:8-11 By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. The surging waters stood up like a wall; the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea. The enemy boasted, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake them.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  15. 15. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them.’ But you blew with your breath, and the sea covered them. They sank like lead in the mighty waters. Who among the gods is like you, LORD? Who is like you— majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wondersTuesday 22 November 2011
  16. 16. 1.b. The key to God’s natureGod’s holiness unlocks thedoor to understanding andmaking sense out ofeverything else about him.This attribute infiltrates everyother attribute - his love isholy love, his omniscience isholy omniscience, hisomnipresence is holyomnipresence - every aspectof his nature is infiltrated byholinessTuesday 22 November 2011
  17. 17. Often God is called “the Holy One” Luke 1:49 -the Mighty One has done great things for me—holy is his name. Isa 6:3 - “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory.” (not love, truth, power etc. x3)Tuesday 22 November 2011
  18. 18. Tuesday 22 November 2011
  19. 19. Ps 89:35 - Once for all, I have sworn by my holiness Why swear by his holiness - because it is the fullest expression of God’s character Rom 7:12 Lev 19:2 - 2 “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy. Holiness is the defining part of how God is - the centrepiece of who he is.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  20. 20. “It is this holiness of God, then, without which the Cross of Christ is incomprehensible, that provides the light that exposes modernitys darkness for what it is.” David F WellsTuesday 22 November 2011
  21. 21. “Unless the evangelical Church can recover the knowledge of what it means to live before a holy God, unless in its worship it can relearn humility, wonder, love, and praise, unless it can find again a moral purpose in the world that resonates with the holiness of God and that is accordingly deep and unyielding-unless the evangelical Church can do all of these things, theology will have no place in its life. David F WellsTuesday 22 November 2011
  22. 22. 2. God’s Holiness Separates Himfrom CreationIsa 57:15 -For this is whatthe high and exalted Onesays— he who lives forever,whose name is holy:“I live in a high and holyplace, but also with the onewho is contrite and lowly inspirit, to revive the spirit ofthe lowly and to revive theheart of the contrite.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  23. 23. Holy - Hebrew word means separate - we get saint and sanctified - all mean to be distinct or separate. God is high and exalted, distinct from all creationTuesday 22 November 2011
  24. 24. 2.a. Perfect in HolinessHence Exodus 3:5 - removeyour shoes,1 John 1:5 -God is light; inhim there is no darkness at all.James 1:13-14 - Whentempted, no one should say,“God is tempting me.” For Godcannot be tempted by evil, nordoes he tempt anyone;There is no sin or darkness in Deveronvale Perfection: world record price for a sheepGod £231,000Tuesday 22 November 2011
  25. 25. 2.b. No Degrees of SinWe grade sin in people -really bad, not too bad, ok,not perfect but prettygood...God has no degrees of sinbut different sins havediffering consequences:Murder and telling a lieare both sin but have verydiffering resultsTuesday 22 November 2011
  26. 26. God is perfect and does notgrade sin.From God’s holyperspective all havesinned, there is none thatis righteous - Rom 3:10, 23All evil and wickednessare the same before GodWe might look and thinkthat the sin is different butit is all sin before a holyGod.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  27. 27. 2.c. Encountering a Holy GodWhen people encounter Godthey see his holiness.Hab 3:16- I heard and my heartpounded, my lips quivered atthe sound; decay crept into mybones, and my legs trembled.Isaiah sees God and says (6:5)“woe is me!”God’s holiness requires us to behumble - to hallow his name.Do you act with more respectto people than you do to God?Tuesday 22 November 2011
  28. 28. 3. God’s Holiness and SinGod’s holiness demands that he judges sin: Rev16:1-5 Then I heard a loud voice from the templesaying to the seven angels, “Go, pour out the sevenbowls of God’s wrath on the earth.” The first angel wentand poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly, festeringsores broke out on the people who had the mark of thebeast and worshiped its image. The second angelpoured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into bloodlike that of a dead person, and every living thing in thesea died. The third angel poured out his bowl on therivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say:“You are just in these judgments, O Holy One, you whoare and who were;Tuesday 22 November 2011
  29. 29. 3.b. Natural and Necessary God’s holiness means he cannot ignore sin - sin is taken seriously and will be judged. Holiness and health go together as do unholiness and decay: 1 Cor 11:30 - That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep. James 5:13-16Tuesday 22 November 2011
  30. 30. 3.b. ComprehensiveGod will judge both men andangels, including the devil -Matt 25:41Note that satan does not rulehell (though it was made by Godfor satan, not for humans), he iscast there by God.God’s holiness is awesome;Heb 12:29 -for our “God is aconsuming fire.”Look at the effects of one sin -Adam & Eve, Cain, Moses,Elijah’s servant, Ananias &Sapphira...Tuesday 22 November 2011
  31. 31. 3.c. God Loves the Sinner In spite of hating sin, God does not wipe us all out - he still passionately loves the sinner. He wants to destroy sin whilst keeping the sinner - like killing cancer but keeping the patient. However look at Exodus 19:18-21 and see the effect of God’s holinessTuesday 22 November 2011
  32. 32. Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently...The LORD descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up and the LORD said to him, “Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the LORD and many of them perish.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  33. 33. 4. God’s Holiness and His Terms Holiness means we approach God as he says - this is what Hebrews is all about. Old and New Covenants are contrasted, we see only shedding of blood makes restitution possible. Heb 9:22 -the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. When Adam & Eve sinned God killed an animal to make covering for them - physically and redemptively.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  34. 34. Exodus 20:4-5 - “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God,”Tuesday 22 November 2011
  35. 35. Tuesday 22 November 2011
  36. 36. Tuesday 22 November 2011
  37. 37. “God is happy because he delights in himself. God would be unjust if he valued anything more that what is supremely valuable. And he is supremely valuable. If he did not take infinite delight in his own glory, he would be unrighteous, because it is right to take delight in a person in proportion to the excellence of their glory.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  38. 38. “The Scriptures are saturated with texts showing how God unwaveringly acts out of a love for his own glory. "For my own sake, for my own sake I do it, for how should my name be profaned? My glory I will not give to another" (Isaiah 48:11).”Tuesday 22 November 2011
  39. 39. “In order for a sinner to pursue joy in God, he must be confident that God will not shut him out when he comes seeking forgiveness and fellowship...Consider this encouragement from Jeremiah 9:24, "I am the Lord who performs mercy and justice and righteousness in the earth, because in these things I delight says the Lord.”Tuesday 22 November 2011
  40. 40. “God shows mercy because he delights in it. God is not constrained to save by some formal principle or rule. He is so full of life and joy in his own glory that the climax of his pleasure is to overflow in mercy to us...He delights above all things in his divine excellence, and his happiness is so full that it expresses itself in the pleasure he has in sharing it with others.” John PiperTuesday 22 November 2011
  41. 41. 4.a. Israel’s and Our Tabernacle Entry was restricted to the OT tabernacle - three curtains, entry was by the shedding of blood - you did not just enter, God’s holiness meant you had to be allowed to go in. For us Jesus has made the entry possible - Heb 9:24-28 - Because of Jesus we are allowed entry into God’s holy presence - Eph 2:18Tuesday 22 November 2011
  42. 42. 5. God’s Holiness and our Lifestyle God has expectations of us: 1 Peter 1:14-16 As obedient children, do not conform to the evil desires you had when you lived in ignorance. But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.”Tuesday 22 November 2011
  43. 43. 5.a. Pleasing our God2 Tim 2:19 -19 - “Everyonewho confesses the name of theLord must turn away fromwickedness.”Heb 12:10 -God disciplines usfor our good, in order that wemay share in his holiness.Remember if (when) you fail -1John 1:8-9If you feel more sinful eachyear it might be you are nowseeing more of God and hisholiness.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  44. 44. 5.b. Pursuing Holiness and GettingCleanMake sure you are buildingwell on the foundation ofJesus Christ - live a life inkeeping with the royalposition you have beencalled into - live inrepentance as the HolySpirit reveals things to you.Acknowledge God’s holinesslike Isaiah and pray asDavid did, “create in me aclean heart”Tuesday 22 November 2011
  45. 45. Responding to the Holiness of God1. Are you living God’sholiness each day - listen tothe conversations you areinvolved in, consider whatyour eyes look at, and whatyou think about.2. Let God deal with thepeople around you - youdon’t know what he is doingin their lives.3. Pray that 1 Peter 1:15-16will be a daily reality inyour life.Tuesday 22 November 2011
  46. 46. “Because God is holy, he is free from the moral imperfections and frailties common to man and can be counted on to be faithful to his promises.” The Theological Word Book of the OTTuesday 22 November 2011