Renewable Energies in the RCREEE Member Countries           Potentials, Challenges and Trends      RCREEE/MED-EMIP Joint E...
Who’s RCREEE?•    RCREEE stands for « Regional Centre for Renewable Energies     and Energy Efficiency »•    RCREEE is an ...
RCREEE MembersRCREEE has ten founding members from the MENA region.The set up is sponsored by Egypt (also the host country...
Governance Structure                                   Board of Trustees (“BoT”)                                          ...
RE Opportunities in Member Countries  The MENA Region is endowed with:          •   Abundant solar radiation.          •  ...
Solar Energy•   The capacity of solar energy resources is excellent in    all member Countries with an annual global solar...
Solar Energy Map
Solar Energy for Thermal Power                 PlantsMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
Direct normal and global horizontal   irradiant of member countries Global horizontal                 Direct normal    irr...
Wind Energy MENA Countries have good potential of wind energy since most have an annual full load hours of over 1400 h/yea...
Potential of wind energy in                member CountriesFull load hours per year (h/y)                                 ...
Biomass Energy•    Traditionally used widely in rural areas for small     purposes.•    MENA Region is arid/semi-arid in n...
Hydro Energy•    Several countries in the region particularly, Egypt,     Lebanon, Syria, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria    ...
Barriers To Renewable Energy Deployment         In the Member Countries•   In spite of the high potential of renewable ene...
Policies and Institutional Barriers   The absence of an effective policies, legislations and   regulations in some cases, ...
Economic Barriers  Generally high subsidies on oil and gas  Different level of taxation & customs for RE equipment  Public...
Socio – Economic BarriersLack of Information about technologiesenergy has been available cheaply - no need to exploreother...
Market and Financial BarriersDirect financial incentive for both users and investors in RE isnot existed;No attractive int...
RE TRENDS in Member Countries Targets for future RE capacities have been put in all members countries How to achieve this ...
RE Market Situation                    Yemen   Tunisia   Syria   Palestine Morocco   Libya   Lebanon   Jordan   Egypt   Al...
RE Regulation and Incentives                     Yemen   Tunisia   Syria   Palestine Morocco   Libya   Lebanon   Jordan   ...
Financial Indicators                      Yemen   Tunisia   Syria   Palestine Morocco   Libya   Lebanon   Jordan   Egypt  ...
Capacity Building & Institutional               Framework                   Yemen   Tunisia   Syria   Palestine Morocco   ...
What RCREEE Can Do? Transfer of best practice and exchange success stories which arise across the region (energy policies)...
Conclusion The political well for RE promoting is existed. Targets have been put to be achieved Institutional framework ha...
The big question                      While we have the potential                                  &                      ...
Thanks for your Attention                      Eng. Ashraf Kraidy,       Senior Expert, RCREEE Interim Secretariat, Cairo ...
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Session1 countries potentials, challenges and trends authored and_or presented by ashraf kraidy

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MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to "Green the Power" Sector July 28, 2009

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Session1 countries potentials, challenges and trends authored and_or presented by ashraf kraidy

  1. 1. Renewable Energies in the RCREEE Member Countries Potentials, Challenges and Trends RCREEE/MED-EMIP Joint Event on Occasion of the Second IRENA PrepCon MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector 28 June, 2009, Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt Eng. Ashraf Kraidy, Senior Expert, RCREEE Interim Secretariat, Cairo
  2. 2. Who’s RCREEE?• RCREEE stands for « Regional Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency »• RCREEE is an independent regional policy think tank, dedicated to the promotion of RE&EE in the MENA region,• RCREEE main fields of work: - Policy Framework - Research and Development - Public Private Partnership.• RCREEE is working to be a leading centre of excellence on the international level MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  3. 3. RCREEE MembersRCREEE has ten founding members from the MENA region.The set up is sponsored by Egypt (also the host country),Germany, the EU and Denmark. MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  4. 4. Governance Structure Board of Trustees (“BoT”) Advisory Members Representatives of 10 Member States Development partners Emminent persons (no voting rights) (no voting rights) Executive Committee 5 representatives (Maghreb/Mashreq/host country plus two from the private sector) 10 SecretariatCorrespondents Director (One for each Two Deputies, Member State) composition to reflect the regional character of the centre (Maghreb/Mashreq/host country) and the required expertise (RE/EE, R&D, PPP) Staff MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  5. 5. RE Opportunities in Member Countries The MENA Region is endowed with: • Abundant solar radiation. • Long duration of sunshine. • Good to excellent wind speed. • Significant hydro power. • Reasonable quantities of biomass energy. However, RE is still facing many barriers and constraints vis-à-vis large scale deployment in the region. Thus, the objectives of this paper is to capture promising opportunities, to point out the prevailing challenges and to show the trends of RE sector. MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  6. 6. Solar Energy• The capacity of solar energy resources is excellent in all member Countries with an annual global solar radiation varying between 4 to 8 kWh/m2.• The region also enjoys high direct normal radiation and low average cloud cover.• Electricity production from both Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP) and Photovoltaic (PV) has a good potential, due to the fact that the incident solar radiation on the region is higher than the required value of (1800 kWh/m2/year).MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  7. 7. Solar Energy Map
  8. 8. Solar Energy for Thermal Power PlantsMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  9. 9. Direct normal and global horizontal irradiant of member countries Global horizontal Direct normal irradiance irradiance CountrykWh/m2/y (for PV) kWh/m2/y (for CSP) 2,310 2,700 Jordan 1,920 2,000 Lebanon 2,360 2,200 Syria 2,250 2,200 Yemen 1,970 2,700 Algeria 2,450 2,800 Egypt 1,940 2,700 Libya 2,000 2,600 Morocco 1,980 2,400 Tunisia 2,200 2,100 PaledtineMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  10. 10. Wind Energy MENA Countries have good potential of wind energy since most have an annual full load hours of over 1400 h/year, which is considered a long- term economic potential. Several countries such as Egypt and Morocco have a very good wind resources (wind velocity range between 8-11 m/sec)MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  11. 11. Potential of wind energy in member CountriesFull load hours per year (h/y) Country 1,483 Jordan 1,176 Lebanon 1,789 Syria 1,483 Yemen 1,789 Algeria 3,015 Egypt 1,912 Libya 2,708 Morocco 1,200 Palestine 1,789 TunisiaMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  12. 12. Biomass Energy• Traditionally used widely in rural areas for small purposes.• MENA Region is arid/semi-arid in nature, thus small amount of forest and agriculture residues are available• The biomass energy potential is mainly available for most Countries from municipal waste. MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  13. 13. Hydro Energy• Several countries in the region particularly, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria have hydro resource.• The overall Share of hydro electricity is only 5.78% of the total electricity produced. This portion is very small compared to the available hydro potential in the Region. MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  14. 14. Barriers To Renewable Energy Deployment In the Member Countries• In spite of the high potential of renewable energy resources availability (solar, wind, biomass and hydro) in the region, only small portions of these resources are exploited at present.• Excluding biomass and hydro, renewable energies are negligible and represent less than 0.1% of the total energy supply and less than 0.3% of the electric power capacity.• The situation varies from one country to another, but overall a positive trend can recognized latelyMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  15. 15. Policies and Institutional Barriers The absence of an effective policies, legislations and regulations in some cases, lack of favorable import for RE products and components as well as conducive policies to promote RE developments; limited scope for R&D institutions regulatory measures are requested to stimulate market opportunities and needs support to introduce innovative methodologies, attractive schemes, investment capital, and flexible financial mechanismsMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  16. 16. Economic Barriers Generally high subsidies on oil and gas Different level of taxation & customs for RE equipment Public sector RE industry has no incentives to react to market demand Private Sector is heavily constrained by regulations No special incentives to promote RE investment, Unavailability of financial mechanisms and instruments encouraging RE manufacturingMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  17. 17. Socio – Economic BarriersLack of Information about technologiesenergy has been available cheaply - no need to exploreother optionsLack of priority for domestic R&D programsLack of training & education at university and professionalor vocational levelWeak consumer trustDomestic expertise are not sufficiently considered
  18. 18. Market and Financial BarriersDirect financial incentive for both users and investors in RE isnot existed;No attractive interest rate allocated to the grants for thepurchase of RE equipments.The lack of a specific line of financing.RE companies are small size with limited financial capacities.Low competitiveness due to fossil fuels prices,.No taxes reduction for RE projects and importing.
  19. 19. RE TRENDS in Member Countries Targets for future RE capacities have been put in all members countries How to achieve this target…. This is the big question Implementation methods are not clear Also implementation tools are not available Strategies for RE development are needed to be put according to the capabilitiesMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  20. 20. RE Market Situation Yemen Tunisia Syria Palestine Morocco Libya Lebanon Jordan Egypt AlgeriaIndependent Power 0 X 0 - X 0 X X X 0ProducersBOO or BOT bases 0 X 0 - X 0 X X X 0power plants Local X X X X X X X X X X Manufacturing Energy Service Companies 0 0 X 0 0 - 0 X X - (ESCOs) Existing: x Planned: o Non-existing: - MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  21. 21. RE Regulation and Incentives Yemen Tunisia Syria Palestine Morocco Libya Lebanon Jordan Egypt Algeria Feed-In Tariff & - - - - - - - - 0 0 Premium Quotas & Green - 0 - - 0 - - - 0 0 CertificatesReduction on taxes - X O - X - 0 0 X 0or import duties Tax credits - - - - - - - - - - Existing: x Planned: o Non-existing: - MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  22. 22. Financial Indicators Yemen Tunisia Syria Palestine Morocco Libya Lebanon Jordan Egypt AlgeriaClean Energy Fund - - - - - - - X - -Public Investment & - X X - X - 0 x 0 0Loans Subsidies X X X - - X X X X X Taxes - X - X X - - - - - Existing: x Planned: o Non-existing: - MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  23. 23. Capacity Building & Institutional Framework Yemen Tunisia Syria Palestine Morocco Libya Lebanon Jordan Egypt Algeria Training & 0 X X X X 0 X X X X EducationPublic Awareness 0 X 0 - - 0 X X X XCampaigns National Institutional X X X X X X X X X X Framework International 0 0 X 0 0 - 0 X X - Organizations Existing: x Planned: o Non-existing: - MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  24. 24. What RCREEE Can Do? Transfer of best practice and exchange success stories which arise across the region (energy policies) Harmonize RE Policies in the member states towards future RE dissemination strategies (MSP) Become observer and Regional platform at International forums (IRENA)MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  25. 25. Conclusion The political well for RE promoting is existed. Targets have been put to be achieved Institutional framework have been established Policy framework for RE is in the progress to be developed Some RE pilot projects have been implemented Capacity building is considered Private sector still doesnt have the needed role Incentives schemes still not sufficient RE manufacturing is developing slowlyMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  26. 26. The big question While we have the potential & We urgently need & We know the Challenges & We are working on the Trends What are we waiting for????MENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector
  27. 27. Thanks for your Attention Eng. Ashraf Kraidy, Senior Expert, RCREEE Interim Secretariat, Cairo www.rcreee.orgMENA Energized: Regional Challenges to Green the Power Sector

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