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The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan:                   National Energy Efficiency Strategy 2011 - 2015             ...
The NEEAP of LebanonStimulators:• Was called upon in the first point of the strategic initiative 6 of  the “Policy Paper f...
The NEEAP of Lebanon                      Developedby                      Supported by                      Approvedby   ...
The NEEAP of LebanonReview by Stakeholders                                               40                               ...
The NEEAP of LebanonThe initiatives:  1. Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon  2. Adoption of Energy Conser...
The NEEAP of LebanonThe initiatives:  1. Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon  2. Adoption of Energy Conser...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to LebanonThis initiative aims at banning the i...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon                                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon                                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCECThis initiative aims a...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCEC                      ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCEC                      ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & CommercialThis initiative aims to s...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & Commercial                         ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & Commercial                         ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and InstitutionsThis initiative aims at promoting the ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions                                      ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions                                      ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lightingThis initiative aims ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lighting                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lighting                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind PowerThis initiative aims to promote the generation of ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind Power                                      Achievements...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind Power                                         Next Step...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar EnergyThis initiative aims to start the development an...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar Energy                                  Achievements  ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar Energy                                         Next St...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity GenerationThis initiative aims to encourage and promote the ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity Generation                                   Achievements   ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity Generation                                        Next Steps...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other TechnologiesThis initiative aims to help reduce w...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies                                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies                                     ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for LebanonThis initiative aims to set a standard for the existing and ne...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for Lebanon                                     Achievements       LCEC i...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for Lebanon                                       Next Steps  •The UNDP a...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and IncentivesThis initiative aims to provide proper financing mec...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and Incentives                                    Achievements    ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and Incentives                                         Next Steps ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity BuildingThis initiative aims to raise awareness and build the ca...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity Building                                  Achievements          ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity Building                                          Next Steps  •L...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO BusinessThis initiative aims to support the de...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business                                    Ac...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business                                      ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.This initiative aims to promote the use of ener...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.                                  Achievements ...
The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.                                          Next ...
What is Next?!December 2, 2012   Nader Hajj Shehadeh   49
What is Next?!• The NEEAP will be published as a  national document available for  publicDecember 2, 2012        Nader Haj...
What is Next?!• The NEEAP will be updated periodicallyDecember 2, 2012        Nader Hajj Shehadeh   52
What is Next?!• LCEC will be coordinating with the  League of Arab States, the RCREEE, and  the MED-ENEC to establish the ...
Thank You!                   nader.hajjshehadeh@lcecp.org.lb                          www.lcecp.org.lbDecember 2, 2012    ...
session 2 NEEAP of lebanon
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session 2 NEEAP of lebanon

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RCREEE Continues Supporting the Implementation of the Arab EE Guideline
23 November 2011

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session 2 NEEAP of lebanon

  1. 1. The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan: National Energy Efficiency Strategy 2011 - 2015 By: Nader Hajj Shehadeh September 27, 2011Implementation of the Arab EE Guideline: The General requirements & the EE targets and measures Khartoum, 21-22 November, 2011
  2. 2. The NEEAP of LebanonStimulators:• Was called upon in the first point of the strategic initiative 6 of the “Policy Paper for the Electricity Sector”, announced by the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) on July 21, 2010• Developed in accordance with the different points mentioned in the declaration of the Lebanese Government relating to energy efficiency and renewable energy, namely the set strategic target of 12% renewable energy by 2020December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 2
  3. 3. The NEEAP of Lebanon Developedby Supported by Approvedby Reviewed AdoptedDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 3
  4. 4. The NEEAP of LebanonReview by Stakeholders 40 20 15 12 5December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 4
  5. 5. The NEEAP of LebanonThe initiatives: 1. Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon 2. Adoption of Energy Conservation Law and Institutionalization of the LCEC 3. Promotion of PV and Wind Applications in the Residential and Commercial Sectors 4. Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions 5. Design and implementation of a national strategy for efficient public street lighting 6. Electricity Generation from Wind Power 7. Electricity Generation from Solar Energy 8. Hydro Power for Electricity Generation 9. Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies 10.Building Code for Lebanon 11. Financing Mechanisms and Incentives 12.Awareness and Capacity Building 13.Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business 14.Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 5
  6. 6. The NEEAP of LebanonThe initiatives: 1. Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon 2. Adoption of Energy Conservation Law and Institutionalization of the LCEC 3. Promotion of PV and Wind Applications in the Residential and Commercial Sectors 4. Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions 5. Design and implementation of a national strategy for efficient public street lighting 6. Electricity Generation from Wind Power 7. Electricity Generation from Solar Energy 8. Hydro Power for Electricity Generation 9. Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies 10.Building Code for Lebanon 11. Financing Mechanisms and Incentives 12.Awareness and Capacity Building 13.Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business 14.Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 6
  7. 7. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to LebanonThis initiative aims at banning the import of incandescent lamps to Lebanon by the end of the year 2012. This decision can only be reached through the application of different independent but interrelated actions, mainly the 3 million CFL’s project.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 7
  8. 8. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon Achievements Distribution of 3M CFLs Distribution of 90,000 Announcing CFL CFLs StandardsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 8
  9. 9. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 1: Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon Next Steps •Design a monument to host 3M incandescent lamps •Complete the distribution of the 3 million CFLs •Put decentives on import of incandescent & incentives on CFL •Conduct a market survey •Ban import of incandescent by a governmental decree (Dec 2012). •Promote the use of LED lightsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 9
  10. 10. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCECThis initiative aims at the adoption of an energy conservation law for Lebanon, including the institutionalization of the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) as the national energy agency for Lebanon. The law offers a legal framework for the following subjects: energy audits, energy efficiency standards and labels, financial incentives for energy efficiency appliances, and net- metering.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 10
  11. 11. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCEC Achievements Draft Law Finalized National Workshop to LCECis the national focal L discuss law point for EU ProjectsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 11
  12. 12. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 2: Adoption of Energy Conservation Law & Institutionalization of LCEC Next Steps •Finish discussion of the law by Council of Ministers •Discussion of the law by Parliament Energy Committee •Adopt of the law 2012 •Dedicate a piece of land owned by the MEW for the HQ of LCEC •Start-up the construction of the LCEC building •Finish the construction of the LCEC building 2014December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 12
  13. 13. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & CommercialThis initiative aims to support the residential and commercial uses of wind energy and solar photovoltaic systems by increasing decentralized power generation by renewable energy sources with a target to achieve an installed capacity of 50 to 100 MW by 2015. This requires technical, marketing, as well as financial support with necessary actions to be taken at the legal framework.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 13
  14. 14. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & Commercial Achievements CEDRO implemented 26 CEDRO trying Net Wind Atlas is published PV systems MeteringDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 14
  15. 15. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 3: Promotion of PV & Wind Applications in Residential & Commercial Next Steps •Conduct training seminars •Launch micro-wind & PV pilot projects for public buildings •Develop financial incentives on import of PV & wind equipment. •Conduct PV & wind market surveys to identify barriers •Coordinate with the officials at the EDL to apply on grid systems •Finalize net-metering •Amend construction law to ensure utilisation of solar energyDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 15
  16. 16. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and InstitutionsThis initiative aims at promoting the use of solar water heaters mainly in the residential sector with the aim to facilitate the installation of 190,000 m2 of solar collectors by 2014. This can be achieved through different actions including proper financial and technical schemes.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 16
  17. 17. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions Achievements Distribution of SWH to LCEC Launches a SWH National standards for the public market study (2005-2008) SWH publishedDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 17
  18. 18. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions Next Steps •Finalize the distribution of the 400 SWH •Build a specific SWH website to be updated regularly •Launch an awareness campaign •Organize annual SWH trade seminar •Provide technical support to SWH dealers. •Design a financial incentives on the import of SWH •Promote the use of SWH for collective use and water heating purposes in big facilities.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 18
  19. 19. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lightingThis initiative aims at the design and implementation of a national strategy for public street lighting in Lebanon in order to offer a safe and energy efficient street lighting with an intelligent monitoring, control, and maintenance procedure. This initiative can be achieved by updating, replacing, and installing new photo-sensor devices in the different street lighting sectors.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 19
  20. 20. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lighting Achievements GoL sets a budget of A committee to update LCEC launches a study to 0.5M USD PSL specs assess efficient lampsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 20
  21. 21. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 5: Design & implementation of national strategy for EE street lighting Next Steps •Adopt the new technical specifications by the MEW committee. •Coordinate with MPW, MIM, & CDR for the adoption of the specifications •Finalize the installation of photo-sensors •Launch a maintenance and calibration campaign of the existing photo-sensor •Develop and implement different training and capacity building workshopsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 21
  22. 22. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind PowerThis initiative aims to promote the generation of electricity through the use of wind energy. This can only be achieved through technical and policy related actions.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 22
  23. 23. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind Power Achievements CEDRO published the CEDRO preparing for a A consultant is hired to national wind atlas wind energy pilot project assess wind potentialDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 23
  24. 24. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind Power Next Steps •Conduct a wind energy market survey to identify the barriers and obstacles •Adopt a grid code to serve as an implementation decree •Build the first wind farm in Lebanon by the Ministry of Energy and Water •Build wind farms for power generation and launch Independent Power Production (IPP) with the private sector to reach a capacity of 100-200 MW by 2014. •Coordinate with the Ministry of Finance for the application of financial incentives on the import of wind energy equipment in 2012.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 24
  25. 25. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar EnergyThis initiative aims to start the development and promote the generation of electricity through the execution of Photovoltaic (PV) and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) farms. For this to be achieved, proper policy and technical actions are to be taken in addition to ensuring the right financial modalities.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 25
  26. 26. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar Energy Achievements CEDRO implemented 26 LCEC conducted a PV CEDRO conducts studies PV systems market survey on PV and CSP potentialDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 26
  27. 27. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar Energy Next Steps •Finalize the prefeasibility study for PV farms and CSP farms by CEDRO. •Apply of financial incentives on the import of PV equipment in 2011. •Conduct a solar PV market survey to identify the barriers and obstacles in 2011. •Adopt a grid code to serve as an implementation decree •Finalize net-meteringDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 27
  28. 28. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity GenerationThis initiative aims to encourage and promote the use of hydro power to produce electricity. This is to be achieved through support of hydro and micro- hydro projects and working on better exploitation of water resources.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 28
  29. 29. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity Generation Achievements Meetings with EDL responsible peopleDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 29
  30. 30. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity Generation Next Steps •Rehabilitation of existing power plants to improve their performance by an additional 20 to 30 MW. •New generation of around 10 MW through building two hydropower plants •Add an additional set at Richmaya power plant with a capacity of 3MW •Promotion of micro hydro and supporting small scale projects . •Build a national hydro power strategy for LebanonDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 30
  31. 31. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other TechnologiesThis initiative aims to help reduce waste and benefit from waste to energy conversion techniques in addition to the geothermal power to produce electricity. This is to be achieved through several actions including finding a solution to solid waste treatment.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 31
  32. 32. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies Achievements CEDRO launched the GoL adopted a plan to biomass strategy study use waste to energyDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 32
  33. 33. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies Next Steps •Build waste to energy power generation units to reach 15-25 MW by 2014. •Prepare a study for the potential of geothermal for electricity &thermal energy •Research the potential of isolated geothermal applications especially in HVAC and agriculture (heating greenhouses in winter).December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 33
  34. 34. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for LebanonThis initiative aims to set a standard for the existing and new buildings, to identify the minimum acceptable energy performance and present proper building envelope enhancement for Lebanese territories.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 34
  35. 35. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for Lebanon Achievements LCEC is studying the WB launched a tender to building code assist LCEC review codeDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 35
  36. 36. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 10: Building Code for Lebanon Next Steps •The UNDP and GEF to initiate a 5-year project aiming to prepare and study the building code for Lebanon. The project will be managed and administered by the UNDP under GEF funding. •The United Nations Development Programme to assign an international consultant with a short-term mission to study the Lebanese situation and propose a project document for the Building Code project. •LCEC to conduct a workshop and a discussion group including involved parties and institutions to discuss the building code and thermal standards for Lebanon. •LCEC to manage capacity building workshops for registered engineers and architects.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 36
  37. 37. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and IncentivesThis initiative aims to provide proper financing mechanism in order to promote the use of energy efficiency and renewable energy. This is mainly linked to the collaborative work with the Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank of Lebanon.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 37
  38. 38. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and Incentives Achievements The BDL & LCEC launch LCEC conducts training LCEC is reviewing the NEEREA workshops for Banks applicationsDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 38
  39. 39. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and Incentives Next Steps •Keep coordinating the National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Action (NEEREA) in 2011 aiming to leverage 100 Million USD until 2015. •Provide a clear procedure for all carbon reducing projects (even to households) to sell their carbon credits. •Explore the potential for new lines of credit to be used for the financing of energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 39
  40. 40. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity BuildingThis initiative aims to raise awareness and build the capacity of all stakeholders working in the energy efficiency and renewable energy sectors. It also focuses on analyzing and disseminating good practices, creating skills and experience in energy efficient technologies, as well as strengthening existing ones.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 40
  41. 41. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity Building Achievements CFL Awareness SWH Awareness Campaign CampaignDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 41
  42. 42. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 12: Awareness and Capacity Building Next Steps •Launch pilot projects for public buildings at different locations in Lebanon by 2011. •Launch a nationwide awareness campaign on the “A solar heater for each household” project by June 2011. •Coordinate with the League of Arab States and the MED-ENEC to launch a regional energy efficiency awareness campaign by June 2011. •Conduct seminars and awareness raising activities in schools and universitiesDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 42
  43. 43. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO BusinessThis initiative aims to support the development of the Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) working in the energy audit business and provide them with financial, fiscal, and technical incentives to remove barriers and promote energy audit activities.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 43
  44. 44. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business Achievements LCEC supported ESCO LCEC launched trainings Mandatory audits in the Business since 2005 and capacity building Energy Conservation LawDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 44
  45. 45. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business Next Steps •Offer trainings, workshops, and seminars on energy audit activities and procedures to engineers, technicians, bankers, and developers by 2011. •Set governmental buildings as example and audit all their facilities and study transforming some of them into green buildings by 2012. •Create the platform for coordination between existing ESCO’s and Lebanese commercial banks. •Follow up on the energy conservation law that indicates mandatory energy audits for big facilities with high energy consumption.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 45
  46. 46. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment.This initiative aims to promote the use of energy efficient equipment in households and other commercial buildings. This includes focusing on electrical equipment and establishing a national energy efficiency standard.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 46
  47. 47. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment. Achievements EE House Doctor LCEC studied standards CFL standards set and reached houses for 3 equipment approvedDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 47
  48. 48. The NEEAP of LebanonInitiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment. Next Steps •Coordinate with the Ministry of Finance on the possibility of financial “decentives” on the import of incandescent lamps and of financial incentives on the import of CFLs •Start an awareness raising strategy to promote the use of electrical equipment with high performance rating. •Issue a list of electrical appliances with the necessity to develop energy efficiency norms and standards by February 2012. •Reactivate the energy efficiency house doctor project by January 2012.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 48
  49. 49. What is Next?!December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 49
  50. 50. What is Next?!• The NEEAP will be published as a national document available for publicDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 51
  51. 51. What is Next?!• The NEEAP will be updated periodicallyDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 52
  52. 52. What is Next?!• LCEC will be coordinating with the League of Arab States, the RCREEE, and the MED-ENEC to establish the Arab EEAP.December 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 53
  53. 53. Thank You! nader.hajjshehadeh@lcecp.org.lb www.lcecp.org.lbDecember 2, 2012 Nader Hajj Shehadeh 54

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