End Use Energy EfficiencyNational Plans for Regional Energy Challenges                     Tunis 26-27 July 2010          ...
Content- Energy situation of RCREEE MS- Analytical comparison     Energy Efficiency targets     Energy Efficiency legislat...
Who are the member states of RCREEE ?      RCREEE has ten founding members from the MENA region.      The set up is sponso...
RCREEE MS Energy situationEnergy intensity kgoe/$ GDP at PPP in 2005 prices 3 groups: Jordan, Syria, Libya  0.30<EI<0.35 ...
RCREEE MS Energy situationEnergy intensities from other regions (kgoe/$US at market prices in 2005$EI (Europe and N.Americ...
RCREEE MS Energy SituationEnergy use (toe) per capita per year from1980-2007Cons/ cap 2007  0.5 Toe < RCREEE MS < 1.5 Toe...
RCREEE MS Energy SituationEnergy use (toe) per capita in comparator groupsEnergy/capita in 2007 1RCREEE MS < 2times 1in t...
RCREEE MS Energy Situation65 % Petroleum product                       13% Natural gas17% Electricity                     ...
RCREEE MS Energy SituationEgypt : 45 %                                          Egy : 54% B + 35% IAlgeria : 12%          ...
RCREEE MS Energy SituationAn average: 56% of electricity are consumed by the building sector            34% of electricity...
RCREEE MS Energy Situation    One Libyan consumes 6 times the quantity of electricity than one Moroccan    One Moroccan pa...
RCREEE MS Energy Situation   Electricty intensity in RCREEE countries (kWh/$1990)             1.8             1.6         ...
RCREEE MS Energy SituationElectricty intensity in RCREEE and other regions (kWh/$1990)          0.8          0.7          ...
EE Target      North Africa Countries              Middle East CountriesAlgeria : 1% (2007-2011)          Jordan : 20% (20...
Energy efficiency agencies          North Africa Countries                           Middle East CountriesAlgeria : APRUE ...
Energy efficiency legislationObjective: justify the EE activities, create the structure, identify the instruments         ...
Instruments d’intervention                 Financial incentives• TUN : A system of financial incentives for studies and in...
Instruments d’interventionStandards and / or labels 3 stages : 1. define Standards and criteria of label,            2. pr...
Instruments d’interventionEnergy efficiency obligations• TUN : Mandatory audits are required for consumers above 800 toe /...
Instruments d’interventionDissemination of information•   ALG : APRUE for all interventions, has prepared and disseminated...
RCREEE MS overview       Alg     Egy    Jor     Leb Lby Mor      Pal    Syr    Yem Tun               8,3% 20%             ...
AlgeriaTotal hydrocarbon exports represented nearly 98 % of total exports in the year 2007.the gas and oil sector accounte...
Egypt       Demand would reach 136 million TOE by year 2022       The average growth rate is about 7% annually       produ...
JordanJordan has to import 96 %t of its energy and spends 22% of GDP for energy importsthe expected annual growth of elect...
LebanonLebanon has an energy import dependency of 98 %In 2006, the total domestic power supply accumulated is 10,216 GWhIn...
LibyaPrimary energy demand will increase at an average annual rate of 3.6%between 2003 and 2030,the peak load was 2500 MW ...
MoroccoIn 2008 Morocco imported about 98% of its primary energy supply to satisfy a totalenergy consumption of 14.7ToeThe ...
SyriaSyria’s primary energy demand is expected to double in the coming decade, reaching45.2 Mtoe in 2020 up from 22.5 Mtoe...
Yemen Electricity demand increases at an annual rate of 7%. The World Bank designed a master plan for energy which envisag...
Tunisia  The Tunisian government estimates the country’s energy saving potential at a  cummulated 80 Mtoe until 2030.  At ...
ConclusionA major role of RCREEE should be in facilitating thesharing of experience within the region and theupgrading of ...
Thank you for your attention.amel.bida@gtz.deamelbida@yahoo.frRegional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy EfficiencyNa...
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Session 1 analytical review-of_energy_efficiency_policy_in_10_member_states_amel_bida

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End-Use Energy Efficiency: National Plan for Regional Energy Challenge 26 – 27 July, 2010

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Session 1 analytical review-of_energy_efficiency_policy_in_10_member_states_amel_bida

  1. 1. End Use Energy EfficiencyNational Plans for Regional Energy Challenges Tunis 26-27 July 2010 Amel BIDARegional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
  2. 2. Content- Energy situation of RCREEE MS- Analytical comparison Energy Efficiency targets Energy Efficiency legislation Energy Efficiency agencies Instruments of intervention Financial incentives label system Energy Efficiency obligations Dissemination of information- RCREEE MS overview
  3. 3. Who are the member states of RCREEE ? RCREEE has ten founding members from the MENA region. The set up is sponsored by Egypt , Germany, Denmark and the EU
  4. 4. RCREEE MS Energy situationEnergy intensity kgoe/$ GDP at PPP in 2005 prices 3 groups: Jordan, Syria, Libya  0.30<EI<0.35 others  0.10<EI<0.15 Morocco EI < 0.05 The general trend is going up, some MS start going down
  5. 5. RCREEE MS Energy situationEnergy intensities from other regions (kgoe/$US at market prices in 2005$EI (Europe and N.America) decreases since 30 years ago2007  RCREEE MS : EI = 3times Europe, 2 times North America
  6. 6. RCREEE MS Energy SituationEnergy use (toe) per capita per year from1980-2007Cons/ cap 2007  0.5 Toe < RCREEE MS < 1.5 Toe (except Libya) Europe=4Toe, USA= 7Toe1 Lby : 7 times 1Yem, 6 times 1 Mor, 4 times 1Egy, 3 times 1Syr/1Tun
  7. 7. RCREEE MS Energy SituationEnergy use (toe) per capita in comparator groupsEnergy/capita in 2007 1RCREEE MS < 2times 1in the world 1RCREEE MS < 4times Europe 1 RCREEE MS < 7times N.America
  8. 8. RCREEE MS Energy Situation65 % Petroleum product 13% Natural gas17% Electricity 5% other Consumption by Energy form in RCREEE MS - 2007120%100% 0% 0% 1% 17% 0% 22% 22%80% 37% 16% Autres NG60% 61% 79% 76% 92% petrolium prod 66% 57% 55% Electricity 52%40% 51%20% 29% 17% 17% 19% 19% 18% 19% 10% 7% 0% Morocco Algeria Tunisia Lybia Egypt Syria Lebanon Jordan Yemen
  9. 9. RCREEE MS Energy SituationEgypt : 45 % Egy : 54% B + 35% IAlgeria : 12% Alg : 63% B + 35% ISyria :10% Syr : 61% B + 39% I Electricity consumption in RCREEE MS 2007 Electrical consumption by sector 2% 10000 4% 9% Toe 4% 9000 Non specified Morocco 800010% 12% Algeria 7000 Agriculture Tunisia 6000 4910 5% Lybia 5000 Building Egypt 4000 Syria 3000 Transport 9% Lebanon sector 2000 1524 1322 Jordan 1000 1048 818 491 Industry Yemen 541 423 sector 0 274 45%
  10. 10. RCREEE MS Energy SituationAn average: 56% of electricity are consumed by the building sector 34% of electricity are consumed by the industrial sector == 90% (Building and industry) Electrical consumption by sector 120% 100% 80% 63% 61% 47% Non specified 46% 54% Agriculture 60% 59% 55% 56% Building 40% 78% Transport sector Industry sector 41% 46% 20% 35% 35% 39% 26% 26% 23% 0% 0%
  11. 11. RCREEE MS Energy Situation One Libyan consumes 6 times the quantity of electricity than one Moroccan One Moroccan pays 5 times the price of electricity consumed Electricity consumption per capita 2007 Electricity prices (Euro cent) Toe Libya 1.95Morocco 0.05 Egypt 2.6 Algeria 0.07 Syria 3.08 Tunisia 0.10 Algeria 4.055 Syria 0.11 Lebanon 5.2 Egypt 0.11 Jordan 6.85 Jordan 0.15 0.19 Tunisia 7Lebanon 0.31 Morocco 10.64 Lybia 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
  12. 12. RCREEE MS Energy Situation Electricty intensity in RCREEE countries (kWh/$1990) 1.8 1.6 Algeria 1.4 Egypt 1.2 Jordan Lebanon 1 kWh/$ Libya 0.8 Morocco 0.6 Palestine 0.4 Syria 0.2 Tunisia 0 Yemen 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 3 groups: 1st (Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan) high level 1.2<EI<1.4 2d (Yemen, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco) med level 0.4<EI<0.6 Palestine low level EI < 0.2 EI 1st group = 3-4 times (EI 2nd group) = 6-7 times (EI Palestine)
  13. 13. RCREEE MS Energy SituationElectricty intensity in RCREEE and other regions (kWh/$1990) 0.8 0.7 0.6 North America kWh/$ Europe 0.5 RECREEE 0.4 Africa World Total 0.3 0.2 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010RCREEE MS : Rapid increase of EI = 2times EI in Europe, 1.5 time in NA countriesN.A and Europe : Decrease of EI since 20 years ago
  14. 14. EE Target North Africa Countries Middle East CountriesAlgeria : 1% (2007-2011) Jordan : 20% (2020)Morocco : 12% (2020) Yemen : 15% (2025) in Power 15% (2030) sectorTunisia : 20% (2011) Lebanon : No quantitative targetEgypt : 8.3% (2022) Palestine : No explicit targetLibya : No target for EE Syria : No numerical target Different targets (1%, 8%, 12%, 15%, 20%) Different terms (2011, 2020,2022, 2025,2030) 4/10 of the RCREEE MS don’t have numerical target
  15. 15. Energy efficiency agencies North Africa Countries Middle East CountriesAlgeria : APRUE created 1985 is responsible to Lebanon : LC E C was created in 1994 as a legalpromote and implement the EE. national Energy Agency in dealing with EE/RE.Tunisia : An agency for both of EE and RE Palestine : the Palestinian Energy and Environment Research Centre (PEC), foundedwas created in 1986 under the Ministry of in 1994 is responsible of EEIndustry.Morocco : CDER is now (2010) in the process Jordan: the NERC was established in 1989of reorganization as the Agency for the Devpt to promote EEof RE and EE(ADEREE).Egypt : There is no dedicated agency for Syria : the NERC was created in mid 2003;energy efficiency. it has many duties under the EE law.Libya : There is no energy efficiency Yemen : A Dept within the Ministry of Elecagency and Energy has in charge the EESome institutions were created in 80’s while other were created in 90’s andeven later (2003, 2010)
  16. 16. Energy efficiency legislationObjective: justify the EE activities, create the structure, identify the instruments North Africa Countries Middle East countriesAlgeria : legal framework is consistent and Syria : The Law issued in Feb 2009 requires thatcomprehensive; it covers all aspects of regulating, specified entities must have an EE unitTunisia :There is a substantial body of law Jordan : A new law on R E and EE entered intogoverning EE, including all EE measures force in February 2010.86, 90, 04, 09Morocco : A law on energy efficiency is in Lebanon, Palestine and Yemen : atpreparation (2010) present there is no Energy Efficiency law.Libya and Egypt : There is no energy efficiencylaw.50% of the RCREEE countries don ’t have yet energy efficiency lawME countries : legal framework  10 years after the institutional framework
  17. 17. Instruments d’intervention Financial incentives• TUN : A system of financial incentives for studies and investment in EE is available FNME since 2005.• ALG : The National Fund for Energy Management (FNME) was established in the Finance in 2000 . The resources are collected through very modest energetic tax.• MOR : A $1 billion fund, know as the Fonds de développement énergétique (FDE), has been established to support the EE (soft loan with very low interest). Modalities not yet defined.• JOR The Law for the Promotion of RE establishes a fund to be known as the (JREEEF), however its financial means are limited.• LEB : LCEC is working with the Central Bank of Lebanon (CBL) to develop an EE Fund of around $10 million per year. Not yet established• SYR : NERC has some restricted power to make funds available to industry for EE and to recover their money through the energy savings . The mechanism concerns only the public Ind• EGY, LIB, PAL, and YEM : There is no financial incentives nor specific fund for energy efficiency
  18. 18. Instruments d’interventionStandards and / or labels 3 stages : 1. define Standards and criteria of label, 2. provide testing facilities 3. ensuring compliance • TUN : A labelling system for refrigerators is in place and functioning well. For other appliances L&S are being developed. Similar prog are planned in buildings. • ALG : Legislation defines in 2008 the general requirements for the performance of energy using appliances, but no perceptible progress in building sector. • EGY : Standards and labels for refrigerators, washing machines, air-conditioners and water heaters have been developed. No law exist and compliance is voluntary. • LEB : LCEC has proposed label prototypes for refrigerators, air conditioners and CFLs; Standards were implemented in 2007 but they are voluntary at present. • PAL : Standards and labels have been proposed to the Legislative Council, No action has been taken. Guidelines of EE in building are published , but without mandatory character. • SYR : A law of 2008 requires domestic appliances to be labelled . The thermal insulation code was prepared by NERC and issued in November 2007. It is not mandatory. • MOR, LIB and YEM : There are no performance standards or labels for electrical appliances
  19. 19. Instruments d’interventionEnergy efficiency obligations• TUN : Mandatory audits are required for consumers above 800 toe / year for industryand 500 toe / year for other sectors. Audits must be performed every five years.• ALG : Mandatory audits are required by law, but the obligation is not enforced and few industries comply.• EGY : The draft electricity law requires owners of transmission and distribution licenses to carry out projects and set annual plan of EE. This plan has to be approved by the regulator• JOR : There is no mandatory requirement for audits or for energy managers, it seems to be one in the electricity sector, but the status is not clear• LEB, PAL, SYR, LIB, MOR, and YEM There is no mandatory requirement for audits , energy managers or such obligation is envisaged at present
  20. 20. Instruments d’interventionDissemination of information• ALG : APRUE for all interventions, has prepared and disseminated targeted materials to all relevant groups.• LEB : LCEC has developed public awareness promotions using donated space in national newspapers and on television.• TUN : ANME has prepared and disseminated carefully targeted materials to all relevant groups including final users, equipment suppliers and intermediaries.• SYR : The distribution companies have since 2004 disseminated public information on EE• EGY : Sporadic efforts have been made, but have not been sustained• JOR : The activity was identified as a priority under the 2007 National Energy Strategy. Some information point in the institutions are available to provide advises on EE• PAL : The PEC developed a range of materials and conducted popular campaigns for EE with UNDP, the activity has diminished when the UNDP project was completed• LIB, MOR and YEM : No sustained campaign, no information disseminated to inform users how to reduce consumption.
  21. 21. RCREEE MS overview Alg Egy Jor Leb Lby Mor Pal Syr Yem Tun 8,3% 20% 12% 15% 20%Tar (20) 2022 2020 2025 2011 gInst APRUE NERC LCEC 15% ADEREE (30) PEC NERC ANME 1985 1994 1994 2010 1994 2003 1986Leg Feb ? Feb 86, 90 1985 2010 2010 2009 04, 09S&L x x x x XFin FNME JREEEF x 1Bill $ FNME 2000 2010 2005Obl X X XAwa x x x x x x x x
  22. 22. AlgeriaTotal hydrocarbon exports represented nearly 98 % of total exports in the year 2007.the gas and oil sector accounted for 46 % of the Algerian GDP.The primary energy will increase from 40 Mtoe to 70 Mtoe in 2030 Primary Energy Demand in Algeria in business as Consumption by Energy form 2007 usual scenario, 1990-2030 11% 1% Algeria Coal and Peat Petroleum Products 51% Gas 37% Electricity Targ Leg Fr Inst Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarALG x x x x x x
  23. 23. Egypt Demand would reach 136 million TOE by year 2022 The average growth rate is about 7% annually production declined at an average of 3% per year over the period 1995-2005 consumption by Energy form 2007 Egypts Future Energy Needs (Conservative Scenario) 1% 19% Coal and Peat Petroleum Products 3% Gas 55% Combustible Renewables and Waste 22% Electricity Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarEGY x x x x
  24. 24. JordanJordan has to import 96 %t of its energy and spends 22% of GDP for energy importsthe expected annual growth of electricity demand is 7.2%, reaching 32,241 GWh in 2020 Consumption by Energy form 2007 Scenario electricity consumption 0% 19% Jordan Coal and Peat 2% Petroleum Products 0% Gas Geothermal, Solar, etc. Electricity 79% Targ Leg Fr Ins FR S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarJOR x x x x x
  25. 25. LebanonLebanon has an energy import dependency of 98 %In 2006, the total domestic power supply accumulated is 10,216 GWhIn 2015, the electricity consumption is estimated to reach 14,087 GWh Consumption by Energy form 2007 Primary and final energy Intensity 5% Lebanon 29% Coal and Peat Petroleum Products 4% Gas 0% 1% 61% Geothermal, Solar, etc. Targ Leg Fr Inst Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarLEB x x x
  26. 26. LibyaPrimary energy demand will increase at an average annual rate of 3.6%between 2003 and 2030,the peak load was 2500 MW in 2000 and 4000MW in 2005.It grows at an average annual rate of 8-10% to reach 8000 MW by 2015 Total Primary Energy Demand Consumption by Energy form Coal and Peat 0% 19% Petroleum Products 2% Gas 57% Combustible 22% Renewables and Waste Electricity Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarLIB
  27. 27. MoroccoIn 2008 Morocco imported about 98% of its primary energy supply to satisfy a totalenergy consumption of 14.7ToeThe installed generation capacity in 2007 totaled 5300 MWThe growth annual rate of electricity consumption is about 6%. Consumption by Energy form 2007 Electricity Production Electricity consumption 2% Morocco 17% Coal and Peat 4%1% Petroleum Products Gas 76% 2007 Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarMOR x x x x x
  28. 28. SyriaSyria’s primary energy demand is expected to double in the coming decade, reaching45.2 Mtoe in 2020 up from 22.5 Mtoe in 2007.Syria plans to add 3,500 MW of capacity by 2010, which would be equivalent tonearly 50% of the total installed capacity in 2005. consumption by Energy form 17% Syria Petroleum Products 17% Gas Electricity 66% Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarSYR x x x x
  29. 29. Yemen Electricity demand increases at an annual rate of 7%. The World Bank designed a master plan for energy which envisages the installation of 2,500-3,000 MW total power generation capacity by 2025. The Yemeni government has approved a strategy to improve energy efficiency by 15% until 2025 towards a baseline development. Primary and Final Energy Intensity Consumption by Energy form 7% 1% Yemen Petroleum Products Combustible Renewables and Waste Electricity 92% Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarYEM x
  30. 30. Tunisia The Tunisian government estimates the country’s energy saving potential at a cummulated 80 Mtoe until 2030. At present, Tunisian energy intensity is at a level of 0.33 toe/$ 1000 compared to 0.84 toe/$1000 in Africa and a global average of 0.29 toe/$ 1000. On average, energy intensity was reduced by 2% per year until 2007 Trend of Tunisian Primary Energy Demand Consumption by Energy form 2007 17% Tunisia Petroleum Products15% Gas Renewables and Waste Electricity 52% 16% Targ Leg Fr Ins Fr S&L Fin Inc Oblig AwarTUN x x x x x x x
  31. 31. ConclusionA major role of RCREEE should be in facilitating thesharing of experience within the region and theupgrading of performance to match that of the bestperforming countries: - Benchmarking - Facilitating access to international experience - Strengthening compliance with regulation RCREEE will enhance his Member States in setting their NEEAP within the Arabian EE directives
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention.amel.bida@gtz.deamelbida@yahoo.frRegional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy EfficiencyNasr City, Cairo, EgyptTel. +2 02 241 54 691Fax +2 02 241 54 661www.rcreee.org

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