Successfully reported this slideshow.

Prgramme of activities fundamentals


Published on

RCREEE Member States: from the first movers for the NAMAs
16-17 November 2011

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Prgramme of activities fundamentals

  1. 1. Programme of Activities: Fundamentals and key success factors Matthias Krey, Perspectives GmbH 16.11.2011 Training Course “Existing CDM Potential and Perspectives for Carbon Finance in RCREEE Member States beyond 2012”, Cairo, Egypt, 16. November · © 2011 Perspectives GmbH
  2. 2. Why Programme of Activities (PoA)?  Scale up the CDM  Increase number and size of CDM activities  Increase emission reduction  Allow for more project types and host countries  Reduce transaction · 2
  3. 3. A PoA combines project activities in one programme  One tree for one apple  One tree for many apples Single CDM project CPA under programmatic · 3
  4. 4. Key features of PoAs  As CDM: baseline + credited approach -> offsets  The PoA provides the organizational, financial, and methodological framework for the emission reductions to occur - but the PoA does not actually achieve the emission reductions  The emission reductions are attained at the level of the “CDM program activities” (CPAs)  Duration of the PoA, up to 28 years - crediting period of any CPA (1x10 or 3x7years) shall be limited to the end date of the PoA regardless of when the CPA was · 4
  5. 5. Main characteristics of a PoA under the CDM  Multiple Sites  CPAs can occur at different local, regional or national sites.  A PoA boundary may extent to more than one country  Two-tiered structure  Two types of project participants  PoA coordinator  CPA developers  Coordinator is key programme participant  (not required to undertake CPAs himself)  Unknown number and timing of projects  Exact number and time of implementation of CPAs not known at time of submission (not possible to estimate overall emission reductions of PoA)  Any CPA can be added to the PoA at any time during the duration of the PoA by the coordinating/managing · 5
  6. 6. The inclusion of an activity (CPA) under a PoA PoA Design Letter of Approval - Methodology CDM validation - Technology - Eligibility criteria CDM registration - Baseline - Additionality - Monitoring Plan Generic CPA CPA1 CPA2 CPA3 · 6
  7. 7. Latest rules and procedures: Methodologies PoAs can use a combination of baseline methodologies  Combination must be applied to all CPAs, in a consistent manner  Combinations can be automatically used for Small-scale (SSC) methodologies  Each combination proposal is to be checked by the Meth Panel/SSC · 7
  8. 8. Latest rules and procedures Additionality Additionality of each CPA has to be demonstrated through the eligibility criteria for inclusion of CPAs and not on the CPA level itself:  Desk review by DOEs, no individually on-site visit  E.g. once it has been determined that a certain technical equipment is additional (on PoA level), e.g. a 5 W CFL of manufacturer x, every CPA with same CFL meets additionality criteria CPA developers do not need to be formal programme · 8
  9. 9. Currently 12 Programme of Activities are registered Mexico: Bangladesh: India: ENEF – consumption - 1. Improved Cooking 1. ENEF – consumption – power (CFL) Stoves power (CFL) 2. Efficient lighting 2. Renewable - Biomass Initiative (CFL) (other) – Biomass based heat generation systems Tunisia: Renewable - Solar China - ENEF - Power thermal – SWH transmission and distribution – Egpt: Transformer125 PoA currently Vehicle scrapping Replacement under validation and recyling Honduras: Brazil: South Africa: Uganda: Renewable – Hydropower Waste – Animal Waste Renewable - Solar Waste – Avoidance and (run of river) thermal – SWH IncinerationSource: UNEP Risoe database, 18 October 2011 · 9
  10. 10. PoA can apply a small-scale (SSC) methodology without any limit on the overall size of the PoA  SSC projects are limited to the following sizes:  15 MWe for renewable energy  60 GWh/a for energy-efficiency improvement  60 ktCO2e/a for other activities  SSC threshold applies to each CPA under the PoA, but not to its · 10
  11. 11. Key Features: No SSC threshold limit on PoA size CDM SSC-PoA on Renewable Power generation (e.g. hydro) Total power capacity: 22 MW > 15 MW PoA No limit on the aggregated capacity of PoA CPA CPA 1MW 5,5 MW CPA CPA 6 MW 5 MW CPA 4,5 MW CPAs limited by the SSC threshold of 15 · 11
  12. 12. Key success factors  Each PoA has certain eligibility requirements for CPAs: Clear view of the CPA design (e.g. technologies, sizes, etc) before you validate the PoA!  Use small-scale methodologies (especially, if a combination of methodologies is required)  Do no start the implementation of the project (CPA) before validation of the PoA (otherwise CPA cannot be included in the PoA)  How do you want to define the boundary of a CPA?  Regional  As technologies are implemented (1,2,3…)  Carefully analyze, if you want to apply micro-scale procedures for CPAs with a capacity of up to 5 MW for renewable energies or energy savings of up to 20 GWh per year => increases monitoring costs as each CPA needs to be monitored/ · 12
  13. 13. Many Thanks for Your Attention! Matthias Krey, Perspectives GmbH 16.11.2011 Training Course “Existing CDM Potential and Perspectives for Carbon Finance in RCREEE Member States beyond 2012”, Cairo, Egypt, 16. November · © 2011 Perspectives GmbH