The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience:        From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon            Nader Hajj Shehad...
OverviewThe Energy Audit Programme o LCEC  e e gy ud        og a  e of C C - Qualification process and Energy audits - Cap...
Before We Start                Start...Lets talk some sustainability
This is what we have been doing for          the past few days      150 papers      150 papers                         Con...
This is what we have been doing for          the past few days      800 Watts                  1600 Watts     0.5 pages/se...
The Energy Audit Programme o LCEC  e e gy ud        og a  e of C C - Qualification process and Energy audits - Capacity Bu...
The Electricity Cost and Price                         $0.18                         $0.15                                ...
The Electricity Cost and Price                                  Government Subsidies (Million USD)1400                    ...
The Energy Audit Market of the Past       The first local energy audit firm gets into business.1996       Business is weak...
The Start of LCEC(P)    The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation is a joint project    between the UNDP and the Ministr...
The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationRole:LCEC is the national energy agency catering for EE & RE in Lebanon.LCEC ac...
The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationActivities:LCEC deals with energy efficiency and renewable energies in theconce...
The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationRegional Role:LCEC is the national focal point of various projects and centers....
The Energy Audit Programme of LCECThe project was launched in 2002    p jMore actively since 2005We followed Mr. Kreidy’s ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                           The ESCOAn ESCO, Energy Service Company, is a professional bu...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                         ESCO: Services•   Prequalify the customer•   Conduct an energy ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                    ESCO: Characteristics•   All previous services include risk assessme...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC             ESCO: Performance Contracting•   It is by far the most widespread financing...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                     The financeLCEC partially/completely finances energy audit studies ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                         The financeEvolution of Energy Audit Financing
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC       Conducted Studies within 21 monthsAugust 2007 – November 2008 (21 months) : 95 si...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                 Prequalification ProcessIn order for an energy firm to be eligible to p...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC    Qualified Companies by LCEC
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC        Awareness Building
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC        Awareness Building
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC        Awareness Building
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC         Capacity Building
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                     Capacity Building          2007  Energy Auditing TrainingExperts: E...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                     Capacity Building          2008      Reactive Power                ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                     Capacity Building          2008    Energy Efficiency in            ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                      Capacity Building          2008                                   ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                     Capacity Building          2008  Measurement Technique    in Energy...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                           Capacity Building             2009 Energy Audit Applications ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC            The International ESCOs Programme         Project DetailsThe Aim was to hire...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC              The International ESCOs Programme               IIEC   Hotel-Dieu de      ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC              The International ESCOs Programme              CRA2E     City Mall        ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC      The Outstanding Engineers Programme          2009     Intensive Training for Outst...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC          The Outstanding Engineers Programme         Project Details4 energy audit engi...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC          The Outstanding Engineers Programme         Project DetailsThe one-week infiel...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                         In the pipeline          2010                                  ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC  In the pipeline – Already Initiated   2010          The Energy Efficiency House Doctor
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC   In the pipeline – Already Initiated The Energy Efficiency House Doctor
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC        gy          g            The Impact
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                        The ImpactEnergy Audit Firms:    Total number of qualified firms...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                      The ImpactCurrent Qualified Energy Audit Firms: 8 (+3 conditional)
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                          The ImpactThe LCEC programme created a momentum giving energy ...
The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC                             The Impact                          “The l                 ...
Energy Audits Results - Analysis of Results - Common Energy Conservation Measures
The Energy Audits of LCEC  Distribution by Sector                    Public Services                                      ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC    Energy Conservation Measures          Average Payback Period76543210                         ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC     Energy Conservation Measures     Average Payback Period v/s average lifetime1614121086420   ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC         Sample: 9 sites                    Industrial                        2  Services     4  ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC                            Sample: 9 sites             Energy  Generators     20%               ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC                     Sample: 9 sites  Thermal              7.6Generators                         ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC                                     Sample: 9 sitesThermal                7.6Generat            ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC                   Sample: 9 sitesCommercial   Services Industrial                0       2      ...
The Energy Audits of LCEC                            Sample: 9 sitesConsumption   Annual Bill     Investment             S...
The Energy Audits of LCEC“Results of Nine Energy Audit Studies” Report
Energy Audit Case Study - Gefinor Rotana Hotel
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                 Site            Gefinor Rotana Hotel                 Sector          Co...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana HotelDisclaimer:The figures, analysis, and results presented in this casestudy are compiled f...
Overview on Energy Auditing Project            Data                 Onsite Initiation        Collection             Work  ...
Overview on Energy Auditing          Data Analysis                 ECMs 1. Analysis of    2. Analysis of    1. Low/No cost...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                      Project Initiation                         2. Identifying the    3...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                                 Data Collection1. Collection of Building info1 Collecti...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Collection2. Collection of inventory & drawings2 Colle...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                         Data Collection3. Collection of bills3 Collection of bills
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Onsite Work1. Perform spot measurements1 Perform spot measurem...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Onsite Work1. Perform spot measurements1 Perform spot measurem...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Onsite Work      2. Install meters      2 Install metersTemper...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                        Onsite Work    2. Install meters    2 Install metersCombustion a...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                       Data Analysis3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                                      Data Analysis         1. Analysis of electricity  ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electr...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electr...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electr...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electr...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                             Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electr...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of ele...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of therma...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of therma...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of therma...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of therma...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                          Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of therma...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                            Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                      Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark              El...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                      Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark              El...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                      Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark               T...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                      Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark               T...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                              Data Analysis       5. Building envelope       5 Building ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                           Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                           Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                           Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel                           Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation Measures    1. Low/No cost ECMs    1 Low/No cost ECMs   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation Measures    1. Low/No cost ECMs    1 Low/No cost ECMs   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation Measures    1. Low/No cost ECMs    1 Low/No cost ECMs   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures   1. Low/No cost ECMs   1 Low/No cost ECMs      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures   1. Low/No cost ECMs   1 Low/No cost ECMs      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures   1. Low/No cost ECMs   1 Low/No cost ECMs      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation Measures   1. Low/No cost ECMs   1 Low/No cost ECMs     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures   1. Low/No cost ECMs   1 Low/No cost ECMs      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel               Energy Conservation Measures     2. Propose possible ECMs     2 Propose p...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel             Energy Conservation Measures3. Economic feasibility of ECMs3 Economic feasi...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel          Energy Conservation Measures Peak hours management Peak hours management      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel        Energy Conservation MeasuresPeak hours managementPeak hours management          ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel        Energy Conservation MeasuresPeak hours managementPeak hours management       Con...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Motor treatment     Motor treatment         ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel     Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment             Description
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel     Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment             Installation
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel     Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment             Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures   Harmonics treatment   Harmonics treatment     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel       Energy Conservation MeasuresHarmonics treatmentHarmonics treatment           Inst...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel       Energy Conservation MeasuresHarmonics treatmentHarmonics treatment           Fina...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhanc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhanc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhanc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhanc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel          Energy Conservation Measures  Compressor treatment  Compressor treatment      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel        Energy Conservation MeasuresCompressor treatmentCompressor treatment           D...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel        Energy Conservation MeasuresCompressor treatmentCompressor treatment           D...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhanc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting Retrofit     Lighting Retrofit     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting Retrofit     Lighting Retrofit     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting Retrofit     Lighting Retrofit     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting Retrofit     Lighting Retrofit     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting Retrofit     Lighting Retrofit     ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting RetrofitLighting Retrofit            Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Lighting control     Lighting control       ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control             Description
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control             Installat...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control             Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures      Cogeneration                               ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel              Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration – Exhaust Gas BoilerCogeneration ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel    Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration               Production                   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel    Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration               Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel             Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration – Heat ExchangersCogeneration Heat...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel    Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration               Production                   ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel    Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration               Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel          Energy Conservation Measures   Solar Water Heating   Solar Water Heating      ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel       Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating           Desc...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel       Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating           Prod...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel       Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating           Fina...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope e...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope e...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope e...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel            Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope e...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Water efficiency     Water efficiency       ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Water efficiency     Water efficiency       ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel           Energy Conservation Measures     Water efficiency     Water efficiency       ...
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency             Description
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency             Description
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel      Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency             Financials
Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel   Energy Conservation Measures
Energy AuditMinor effort, Major recommendations, Massive results
The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation
Day 5:The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon
Day 5:The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon
Day 5:The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Day 5:The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon

967 views

Published on

Energy Audit in Building A Regional Training Workshop
1 - 5 June, 2010

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
967
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Day 5:The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon

  1. 1. The Lebanese Energy Audit Experience: From Canada, India, Tunisia, Jordan, and Lebanon Nader Hajj Shehadeh LCEC Energy Engineer nader.hajjshehadeh@lcecp.org.lbRCREEE Energy Audit Training in Buildings Tunis, 5 June 2010
  2. 2. OverviewThe Energy Audit Programme o LCEC e e gy ud og a e of C C - Qualification process and Energy audits - Capacity BuildingEnergy Audits Results - Analysis of Results - Common Energy Conservation MeasuresEnergy Audit Case Study - Gefinor Rotana Hotel
  3. 3. Before We Start Start...Lets talk some sustainability
  4. 4. This is what we have been doing for the past few days 150 papers 150 papers Consumption 25 participants 18.6 kg of paper 80 g/m2 1600 liter of water 0.062 m2 /paper 0.062 m 0.3 trees
  5. 5. This is what we have been doing for the past few days 800 Watts 1600 Watts 0.5 pages/sec 0.25 pages/sec Consumption 6.46 kWh 6 6k h
  6. 6. The Energy Audit Programme o LCEC e e gy ud og a e of C C - Qualification process and Energy audits - Capacity Building
  7. 7. The Electricity Cost and Price $0.18 $0.15 Prodcutio $0.12 n Cost, $0.18 $0.09 Sold Price, $0.06 $0.10 $0.03 $0.00 $0 00The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) 2010
  8. 8. The Electricity Cost and Price Government Subsidies (Million USD)1400 130012001000 900800 602600 522 449400 350 275 192 200 190 200200 148 80 110 135 100 105 50 20 30 62 0 10 5 30 20 22 0 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) 2010
  9. 9. The Energy Audit Market of the Past The first local energy audit firm gets into business.1996 Business is weak, with a major barrier of funding. 1 . . Energy audit business is shy, with one firm performing solely.. Energy audit business is shy with one firm performing solely.. 1 . LCECP is launched; aim: remove barriers to ESCO operations.2003 LCECP coordinates, supervises, and helps funding the studies.   3 LCECP refreshes, promoting more energy audit activities.2007 Offering trainings, workshops, & development sessions. Offering trainings workshops & development sessions. 6 Energy Audit Market is getting stronger and stronger.2009 Energy Audit Firms are starting to develop their own business. 8
  10. 10. The Start of LCEC(P) The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation is a joint project between the UNDP and the Ministry of Energy and Water.PROJECT NUMBER  000013385 (LEB/99/G31) Lebanon ‐ Cross Sectoral Energy Efficiency and Removal of gy yTITLE TITLE Barriers to ESCO OperationPROJECT SITE LebanonDURATION 5 years + 1 year extensionAPPROVAL DATE June 2001START DATE April 2002PROJECT TARGET Energy Efficiency & ConservationTYPE OF PROJECT Policy/Operational/Management l / l/EXECUTING AGENCY  Ministry of Energy & Water (MEW)ADMINISTRATOR AGENCY  United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)PROJECT FUNDING PROJECT FUNDING Global Environment Facility (GEF Ministry of Energy & Water (MEW)  Global Environment Facility (GEF Ministry of Energy & Water (MEW) Industrial, Commercial & Residential Energy users, Ministry of Energy PROJECT BENEFICIARIES  and Water, EDL and the Lebanese population at large.
  11. 11. The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationRole:LCEC is the national energy agency catering for EE & RE in Lebanon.LCEC acts as the technical point of reference specialized in energyconservation i ti issues within th L b ithi the Lebanese Mi i t of E Ministry f Energy and W t d Water. pp :Supporters:- Ministry of Energy and Water- United Nations Development Programme- Global Environment Facility
  12. 12. The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationActivities:LCEC deals with energy efficiency and renewable energies in theconcept of energy conservations, and works on the following axes: Pilot Projects Energy Audits Capacity Building Awareness Standards & Labels Legislation
  13. 13. The Lebanese Center for Energy ConservationRegional Role:LCEC is the national focal point of various projects and centers.LCEC is a BoT member of the Regional Center for Renewable Energyand E d Energy Effi i Efficiency (RCREEE)
  14. 14. The Energy Audit Programme of LCECThe project was launched in 2002 p jMore actively since 2005We followed Mr. Kreidy’s recommended methodology: Building Capacity Building Capacity Mission Analysis of current situation Work plan & Budget
  15. 15. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The ESCOAn ESCO, Energy Service Company, is a professional business , gy p y, p fproviding a broad range of comprehensive energy solutionsincluding designs and implementation of energy savingsprojects,projects energy conservation energy infrastructure conservation,outsourcing, power generation and energy supply, and riskmanagement.
  16. 16. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC ESCO: Services• Prequalify the customer• Conduct an energy audit (large projects needs an investment grade audit)• Establish a sound base-year data (or baseline)• Secu e solid contract- fa for Secure a sol d co t act fair fo all pa t es parties• Implement quality measures• Operations and Maintenance (O&M)• Measurement & Savings Verification• Project Management
  17. 17. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC ESCO: Characteristics• All previous services include risk assessment ESCO should assessment, calculate each risk and discount the savings guarantee accordingly.• ESCO should be constituted from a large and complete organizational resources (Managers, engineers, accounting…)• It should arrange financing and not participate to it.• Most of the time, its business revolves around performance contracting.
  18. 18. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC ESCO: Performance Contracting• It is by far the most widespread financing tool in the North American ESCO market• It has fuelled the dramatic increase in energy efficiency projects in these regions• It’s based usually on a three party contract: Client, ESCO, Financier (Bank, Utility,…)• It’s usually a 5-10 years contract• ESCO is paid solely based on the “performance” of the energy efficiency project.• Performance C P f Contracting i primarily a fi i is i il financial transaction ( d i l i (and not a technical or legal one)
  19. 19. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The financeLCEC partially/completely finances energy audit studies forboth public and private beneficiaries.LCEC inspects and evaluates the site and thus decides thecost of the Energy Audit study. For Private Sectors: There is a cost sharing agreement between the beneficiary and LCEC that evolved with time time. For Public Sectors: LCEC finances 100% of the cost of the study Exception: Small Buildings LCECP finances 100% of the cost of the study for both p public & p private sectors.
  20. 20. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The financeEvolution of Energy Audit Financing
  21. 21. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Conducted Studies within 21 monthsAugust 2007 – November 2008 (21 months) : 95 sites Conducted: 4.5 sites per month100 90 Conducted Sites 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
  22. 22. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Prequalification ProcessIn order for an energy firm to be eligible to participate in the LCECenergy audit program, a pre-qualification questionnaire needs to b di lifi i i i d befilled and submitted for evaluation.The purpose of this questionnaire is to collect adequate informationon the Lebanese companies with regard to their capabilities andexperiences in respect of energy audits.The evaluation criteria follows the following scheme: - Company Structure and Organization (150 points) - Expertise and Experience (250 points) - Financial Capability (150 points) - Human Resources (250 points) - Equipment and Software (200 points)
  23. 23. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Qualified Companies by LCEC
  24. 24. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Awareness Building
  25. 25. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Awareness Building
  26. 26. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Awareness Building
  27. 27. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building
  28. 28. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2007 Energy Auditing TrainingExperts: EconolerDate: 20-21 February 2007 yParticipants:Energy Auditors, Engineers,EDL, MEW...
  29. 29. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2008 Reactive Power Energy Efficiency in Enhancement Electrical SystemsExperts: Local Experts Experts: NERC – JordanDate: 20 February 2008 y Date: 16-17 April 2008 pParticipants: Participants:Energy Auditors, Engineers, Energy Auditors, Engineers,EDL, MEW... EDL, MEW, Universities...
  30. 30. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2008 Energy Efficiency in ESCO Business Electrical Systems DevelopmentExperts: NERC – Jordan Experts: IIEC InternationalDate: 11-12 June 2008 Date: 22 - 23 July 2008 yParticipants: Participants:Energy Auditors, Engineers, Energy Auditors, Engineers,EDL, MEW, Universities... EDL, MEW, Banks...
  31. 31. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2008 Energy Saving in Steam CO2 Calculations SystemsExperts: IIEC International Experts: IDEKO – LebanonDate: 24 July 2008 y Date: 15 October 2008Participants: Participants:Energy Auditors, Engineers, Energy Auditors, Engineers,EDL, MEW, Universities... EDL, MEW, Universities...
  32. 32. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2008 Measurement Technique in Energy Auditing g gExperts: CRA2E – TunisiaDate: 15 December 2008Participants:Energy Auditors, Engineers,Architects...
  33. 33. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC Capacity Building 2009 Energy Audit Applications Energy Audit in & Methodologies g Commercial Buildings gExperts: IIEC International Experts: CRA2E – TunisiaDate: 16 April 2009 p Date: 16 May 2009 yParticipants: Participants:Energy Auditors, Engineers, Energy Auditors, Engineers,EDL, MEW, Universities... EDL, MEW, Universities... Part of the International Experts Part of the International Experts Project Project
  34. 34. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The International ESCOs Programme Project DetailsThe Aim was to hire two international ESCO’s to support local energy audit firms in five selected projects supervised by LCEC and transfer the necessary know-howLCEC received applications from several professional ESCOs from different countries. According to LCEC selection criteria the International ESCOs hired are: • CRA2E- Tunisia • IIEC- India
  35. 35. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The International ESCOs Programme IIEC Hotel-Dieu de Solicar FranceLocal Firm: Local Firm:Apave Lebanon MetacsDate of Execution: Date of Execution:Aug 2008 – Apr 2009 Aug 2008 – Apr 2009
  36. 36. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The International ESCOs Programme CRA2E City Mall Beirut Airport ABC AshrafiehLocal Firm: Local Firm: Local Firm:Beta Engineering NEC Apave LebanonDate of Execution: Date of Execution: Date of Execution:Sep 2008 – May 2009 Sep 2008 – May 2009 Sep 2008 – Mar 2009
  37. 37. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The Outstanding Engineers Programme 2009 Intensive Training for Outstanding Performance Energy AuditorsExperts: CRA2E – TunisiaDate: 11 – 18 October 2009Participants:4 Energy Auditors1 from LCEC
  38. 38. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The Outstanding Engineers Programme Project Details4 energy audit engineers were selected based on their performance and quality of work at the energy audit works with LCECLCEC received offers from several professional ESCOs from different countries and ended up selecting CRA2E for their great experience and the comprehensive training programme they proposed.
  39. 39. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The Outstanding Engineers Programme Project DetailsThe one-week infield training was conducted by CRA2E, and was included the following facilities:STEG power generation plant: - Trainees learned the details of the power generation process - Trainees conducted power and combustion testingPhenicia Hotel in Hammamat: - Trainees performed an energy audit with CRA2E - Trainees performed analysis for thermal and electrical systemsMawasir Factory: - Trainees learned about implemented energy efficiency measures
  40. 40. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC In the pipeline 2010 NEEREA Energy Conservation Law (National RE & EE Account)- Mandatory & regulatory - Target: EE & RE projects energy audit for large gy g - Role: provide 0% interest p facilities loans with full risk guarantees- Close collaboration with - Sectors: All sectors ESCOs - Requirement: Approval by- Promotion of Energy Efficient LCEC on the technical equipment proposal- Apply Energy Conservation Measures to all public and governmental facilities
  41. 41. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC In the pipeline – Already Initiated 2010 The Energy Efficiency House Doctor
  42. 42. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC In the pipeline – Already Initiated The Energy Efficiency House Doctor
  43. 43. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC gy g The Impact
  44. 44. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The ImpactEnergy Audit Firms: Total number of qualified firms: 8 Dedicated firms (ESCOs): 2 Energy Audit Engineers: 20 Energy Audit Engineers: 20Energy Audit Studies: All in all: 108 All in all: 108Implementation Projects: Public:    4 Private:  9
  45. 45. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The ImpactCurrent Qualified Energy Audit Firms: 8 (+3 conditional)
  46. 46. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The ImpactThe LCEC programme created a momentum giving energy audit p g g g gycompanies a push to perform energy audits.They now have the know-how, the equipment, thequalification, the awareness, and very nearly the financialsupport.Several ESCOs operate in the Arab region and Europe. Theyperform energy audits for industrial and commercial buildings buildings.They also perform green building design.They learned it and now teaching it…
  47. 47. The Energy Audit Programme of LCEC The Impact “The l “Th role of LCEC is centrall in th d f i t i the development l t of the Energy Efficiency Business in general and ESCO in particular. It has helped us by raising the awareness among the potentiall end users, it h th t ti d has put us in connection with key stakeholders, it has pushed the whole filed to new boundaries. All the above had positive impacts to our h b h d ii i business…” Ronald DiabEnergy Efficiency Group “…Just look at the audits done under the LCEC Managing Director scheme and those implemented by EEG afterwards. Apart the fact that it helps us by giving the whole field a good legitimacy.”
  48. 48. Energy Audits Results - Analysis of Results - Common Energy Conservation Measures
  49. 49. The Energy Audits of LCEC Distribution by Sector Public Services Social 11 Services 7 44 Industrial 24 Commercial 22
  50. 50. The Energy Audits of LCEC Energy Conservation Measures Average Payback Period76543210 # of Sites  1‐10 11‐20 21‐30 31‐40 41‐50 51‐60 61‐70 >70
  51. 51. The Energy Audits of LCEC Energy Conservation Measures Average Payback Period v/s average lifetime1614121086420 # of Sites  1‐10 11‐20 21‐30 31‐40 41‐50 51‐60 61‐70 >70
  52. 52. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sites Industrial 2 Services 4 Commercial 3
  53. 53. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sites Energy Generators 20% Cost Thermal EDL 22% EDL 80% 46% Generators 32% h l Thermal 31% EDL 55%Generators 14%
  54. 54. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sites Thermal 7.6Generators 25.2 EDL 9.0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 ¢/kWh
  55. 55. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sitesThermal 7.6Generat 25.2 25 2 ors EDL 9.0 Do we need  0 5 10 15 20 25 30 mandatory  d t ¢/kWh audits?!! Generator s Energy E 20% EDL 80%
  56. 56. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sitesCommercial Services Industrial  0 2 4 6 8
  57. 57. The Energy Audits of LCEC Sample: 9 sitesConsumption Annual Bill Investment Savings Payback (USD) (KWh) (USD)229,701,907 120,122,086 12,629,062 44,061,900 4,285,623 2.95
  58. 58. The Energy Audits of LCEC“Results of Nine Energy Audit Studies” Report
  59. 59. Energy Audit Case Study - Gefinor Rotana Hotel
  60. 60. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Site Gefinor Rotana Hotel Sector Commercial Business Hotel Location Beirut Climatic Zone Climatic Zone Coastal Surface Area 20,000 m2 Rooms 164
  61. 61. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana HotelDisclaimer:The figures, analysis, and results presented in this casestudy are compiled from the energy audit reportsubmitted by National Energy Consultants (NEC) andconducted under the supervision of LCEC.
  62. 62. Overview on Energy Auditing Project  Data  Onsite Initiation Collection Work 1. Kick off  1. Collection of  1. Perform spot  Meeting Building info measurements 2. Collection of 2. Identifying  2. Install  inventory &  the contact  the contact meters drawings3. Sharing the  g 3. Collecting  g 3. Download  work plan bills recorded data
  63. 63. Overview on Energy Auditing Data Analysis ECMs 1. Analysis of  2. Analysis of  1. Low/No cost  electricity electrical load ECMs 3. Analysis of  2. Propose  4. Benchmarkthermal energythermal energy possible ECMs possible ECMs 3. Economic  5. Building  g 6. Water  feasibility of  feasibility of envelope  system analysis ECMs
  64. 64. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Project Initiation 2. Identifying the  3. Sharing the work 1. Kick off Meeting g contact  plan l LCEC Mr. Joe Abou NEC proposed  p p + Jawde was  the work plan  Contractor  assigned to be  and shared it  (NEC) NEC’s focal  with JAJ with a  + point  i t set deadline t d dli Gefinor Hotel
  65. 65. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Collection1. Collection of Building info1 Collection of Building info Occupancy Rate p y Operation p 12/12 months 7/7 days 24/24 hours Surface Area 20,000 m2
  66. 66. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Collection2. Collection of inventory & drawings2 Collection of inventory & drawings
  67. 67. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Collection3. Collection of bills3 Collection of bills
  68. 68. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work1. Perform spot measurements1 Perform spot measurements Lighting Level  Lighting Level
  69. 69. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work1. Perform spot measurements1 Perform spot measurements Temperatures
  70. 70. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work 2. Install meters 2 Install metersTemperatures & HumidityT t & H idit Power analyzer P l
  71. 71. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work 2. Install meters 2 Install metersCombustion analyzerC b ti l Energy logger E l
  72. 72. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Temperature & Humidity Temperature & Humidity
  73. 73. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Power logging Power logging
  74. 74. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Voltage logging Voltage logging
  75. 75. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Amperage logging Amperage logging
  76. 76. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Harmonic distortion Harmonic distortion
  77. 77. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Power factor Power factor
  78. 78. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Energy recording Energy recording
  79. 79. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis 1. Analysis of electricity 1 Analysis of electricity EDL & generators EDL & generatorsEDL Transformer 2,000 kVATariff Industrial  (5.3, 7.5, 21.3 ¢) (5 3 7 5 21 3 ¢)Backup Generator 1,600 kVA
  80. 80. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electricity EDL consumption EDL consumption
  81. 81. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electricity EDL consumption EDL consumption
  82. 82. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electricity Generators consumption Generators consumption
  83. 83. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electricity Electrical energy consumption Electrical energy consumption
  84. 84. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis1. Analysis of electricity1 Analysis of electricity Electrical energy cost Electrical energy cost
  85. 85. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Inventory
  86. 86. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Inventory
  87. 87. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Energy/Load Breakdown Energy/Load Breakdown
  88. 88. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Energy/Load Breakdown Energy/Load Breakdown
  89. 89. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Consumption per category Consumption per category
  90. 90. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis2. Analysis of electrical load2 Analysis of electrical load Consumption per category Consumption per category
  91. 91. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of thermal energy Steam boiler Steam boiler
  92. 92. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of thermal energy Hot water boiler Hot water boiler
  93. 93. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of thermal energy Hot water boiler Hot water boiler
  94. 94. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of thermal energy Hot water boiler Hot water boiler
  95. 95. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis3. Analysis of thermal energy3 Analysis of thermal energy Total boilers Total boilers
  96. 96. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Power factor Power factor
  97. 97. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Onsite Work3. Download recorded data3 Download recorded data Power factor Power factor
  98. 98. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark Electrical energy Electrical energy
  99. 99. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark Electrical energy Electrical energy
  100. 100. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark Total energy Total energy
  101. 101. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis4. Energy benchmark4 Energy benchmark Total energy Total energy
  102. 102. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis 5. Building envelope 5 Building envelope U‐Value U Value Walls Windows & DoorsMaterial Concrete Material AluminumTypeT Double wall D bl ll Type T Double glazed D bl l dU‐Value 2.54 W.m2/K U‐Value 2.38 W.m2/K Roof Material Concrete Type yp Asphalt + water proof p p U‐Value 1.33 W.m2/K
  103. 103. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis Water treatment Water treatment
  104. 104. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis Water treatment Water treatment
  105. 105. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis Water treatment Water treatment
  106. 106. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Data Analysis6. Water system analysis6 Water system analysis Water treatment Water treatment
  107. 107. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Good housekeeping Good housekeeping• Set all thermostats comfortably low in the winter and comfortably high in the summer• Install a programmable thermostat that is compatible with the existing cooling system.• Turn off computers and monitors when not in use.• Cl Close all doors and windows when A/C units are used (i t ll ll d d i d h it d (install automatic closing devices)• Plug electronics, such as TVs, into p g , , power strips; turn the power strips p ; p p off when the equipment is not in use (TVs and other electronic equipment in standby mode still use several watts of power).
  108. 108. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Good housekeeping Good housekeeping• Start using energy-saving settings on refrigerators, dishwashers, energy saving washing machines, and clothes dryers.• Look for the energy efficient appliances and products. Such as the US ENERGY STAR label. That equipment will have at least a 10% improvement from standard available in the market.
  109. 109. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Exit sign Exit sign• Retrofit Exit Sign Board with LED Board
  110. 110. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs HVAC operation & maintenance HVAC operation & maintenance• Set all thermostats comfortably low in the winter and comfortably high in the summer• Replace Fans filters on a monthly or bi-monthly schedule (for large A/C units) and clean internal filters for small split units.• Insulate doors, hot water heater(s) and pipes, and ductwork located in unconditioned areas; especially the windows in contact with ambient temperature like in emergency department windows which is always open to outside.
  111. 111. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs HVAC operation & maintenance HVAC operation & maintenance• Cover and lock thermostats and ventilation controls to prevent unauthorized adjustments• Check for unusual noise, vibration and decrease in performance or compressors/motors• Seal ductwork leaks• Inspect/clean condenser coils• Clean and disinfect condensate drain pans• Adjust building temperature by season; lower in winter and higher in summer• Installing air curtain on main entrance doors
  112. 112. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Boiler operation & maintenance Boiler operation & maintenance• Check combustion efficiency• Check for leakage• Check static pressure• Check for pipes insulation• Lubricate circulators/pumps
  113. 113. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Refrigeration operation & maintenance Refrigeration operation & maintenance• Keep cold air supply and return registers clean and clear of product product.• Maintain minimum recommended refrigeration temperature for produce.• Optimal refrigeration efficiency is achieved with ambient air relative humidity levels between 40-55%.• Check for unusual noise, vibration and decrease in performance of compressors/motors.• Clean refrigeration coils regularly.• Replace worn and/or leaky door seals.
  114. 114. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 1. Low/No cost ECMs 1 Low/No cost ECMs Refrigeration operation & maintenance Refrigeration operation & maintenance• Verify operation and efficiency of defrost timers and moisture sensors to ensure optimal performance.• Clean and disinfect condensate drain pans.• Monthly/bi-monthly maintenance contract.• Follow manufacturers recommendations for shelf position and size.• Keep upright display case doors shut.• Rotate stock regularly.• Do not let refrigerated items warm-up during delivery and restocking. warm up• Turn off refrigeration unit when not in use.
  115. 115. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures 2. Propose possible ECMs 2 Propose possible ECMs1. Low cost / No cost EEMs: General operation and maintenance procedure. . : p p .2. Peak Hours Management.3. Motor treatment: Decentralized Power Factor Correction.4. Motor treatment: Line/Load Reactors5.5 Installation of Inverter / VFDs on the process cooling system. system6. Refrigeration/cooling compressor treatment: Oil additive.7. Lighting Retrofit.8. Installation of Motion Detectors.9. Cogeneration - Waste heat exhaust gas boiler.10. Solar hot water system.11. Building envelop: Green roof.12.12 Water consumption efficiency efficiency.13. Enterprise Energy Management14. Computerized Maintenance Management System.
  116. 116. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures3. Economic feasibility of ECMs3 Economic feasibility of ECMs
  117. 117. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Peak hours management Peak hours management Description• Using Onsite Generators instead of EDL at peak hoursGefinor Rotana Hotel is currently not using its on site powergeneration during peak EDL hours. This decision was right in the nearpast when diesel prices reached a hike, however, with their latestdecrease, it is now a feasible option as seen here after.The facility has a 2x600kVA and 1x400kVA generators installed andable to cover all the hotel’s power demand
  118. 118. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresPeak hours managementPeak hours management Financials
  119. 119. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresPeak hours managementPeak hours management Conditions & constraints Conditions & constraints
  120. 120. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Motor treatment Motor treatment DescriptionDecentralized Power Factor CorrectionThe main advantages from the connections side:• Increase load capabilities or distribution systems (inside the facility)• Can be switched with equipment / no additional switching is required which improves the Power Quality• Better voltage regulation because capacitor usage follows exactly the load• Capacitor sizing is simplified• Capacitors are coupled with equipment and therefore move with it should a rearrangement occurs.
  121. 121. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment Description
  122. 122. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment Installation
  123. 123. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresMotor treatmentMotor treatment Financials
  124. 124. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Harmonics treatment Harmonics treatment DescriptionFor DC motors and AC motors with inverters: Line/Load Reactors :The anti-harmonic reactor has two purposes:• to increase the impedance of the capacitor against harmonic currents• to shift the parallel resonance frequency (Fr.p.) of the source and the (Fr p )capacitor to below the main frequencies of the interfering harmoniccurrents.
  125. 125. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresHarmonics treatmentHarmonics treatment Installation
  126. 126. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresHarmonics treatmentHarmonics treatment Financials
  127. 127. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhancement DescriptionInstallation of Inverters/VFDs on the process cooling system p g yBy reducing the speed of a centrifugal fan or pump, the acoustic noise level as well as the draught from fan systems is reduced. Water hammer from pump systems can be totally avoided.Saving energy is achieved by:1. Controlling the pumps system’s capacity to match the actual need.2. Removing unnecessary energy loss caused by vanes and valves.
  128. 128. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhancement Description
  129. 129. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhancement Installation
  130. 130. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhancement Installation
  131. 131. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Compressor treatment Compressor treatment DescriptionCompressor additive oil pThe PROA refrigeration oil supplement is a space age lubricantcontaining a napthenic oil base with a number of specially developedadditives. It contains two anti-oxidation and anti-wear systems thatreduce friction, save energy use, and extend equipment life. Theprimary system stays in solution and is triggered by temperature on anas-needed basis, only. The secondary system is metal seeking andlatches onto all the internal metal surfaces.
  132. 132. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCompressor treatmentCompressor treatment Description
  133. 133. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCompressor treatmentCompressor treatment Description
  134. 134. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresProcess cooling enhancementProcess cooling enhancement Financials
  135. 135. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit DescriptionRetrofit magnetic ballast by electronic ballast in Fluorescent fixturesEach Fluorescent fixture includes a ballast (or choke) which are usuallyof the magnetic type. In the last decades, large advances were made inthat field and Electronic Ballasts were introduced in the marketproviding clear advantages.Today, electronic ballasts are going main steam with prices droppingsubstantially, making them the preferred choice.
  136. 136. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit DescriptionRetrofit Incandescent Bulbs by Fluorescent Compact bulbsReplacement of existing incandescent bulbs by CFLs; the result issubstantial energy efficiency and increase of life cycle.There are incandescent bulbs used in different area which can beretrofitted. This retrofit will not only reduce the lighting energy costbut will also play an important role in reducing the heat outputsubstantially, making them the preferred choice.
  137. 137. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit DescriptionRetrofit Incandescent Bulbs by Fluorescent Compact bulbsUntil recently very little retrofit options were available as we needed aflat surface bulb with a small diameter. In the last 2 years, newtechnology has emerged is based on an innovative fluorescent compactbulb that has a flat surface and a small diameter and a warm white(yellow) color.them the preferred choice.
  138. 138. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit DescriptionRetrofit of PAR lamps (Parabolic aluminized reflector)A new bulb that has the same flat shape of a PAR light, same diameter,warm white color and that can use directly line voltage.Total benefits are a reduction of bulb wattage from 75W to 15W andfrom 160W to 20W, which would reduce the watts lost, and asubstantial increase in life cycle (from 4000 hours to 15,000 hours)leading to a reduction of labor
  139. 139. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit DescriptionRetrofit Metal Halide bulbs by Pulse Start Metal Halide bulbs/systemsThe main bulb features and benefits are:• More light (higher lumen/watts)• Longer life and better Mortality Curve: Up to 20% more• Superior lumen maintenance: 40%. More lumens• Faster Warm up/ Re strike: 60% less time p/ Re-strike:• Color uniformity:• Saves Energy: replace a 400W standard MH by a 250W Pulse Start MH
  140. 140. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting RetrofitLighting Retrofit Financials
  141. 141. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Lighting control Lighting control DescriptionInstallation of motion detectorsPassive infrared (PIR) technology. This relies on “line-of-sight” coverageto detect occupancy by sensing the difference in heat emitted by humansin motion from that of the background space.Ultrasonic technology. This utilizes the Doppler principle to detectoccupancy through emitting ultrasonic sound waves throughout a space space.Dual technology (DT): These sensors employ both PIR and ultrasonictechnologies. DT sensors will activate lights when both sensingtechnologies detect occupancy but will continue to hold lighting on as occupancy,long as only one technology detects continued occupancy.
  142. 142. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control Description
  143. 143. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control Installation
  144. 144. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresLighting controlLighting control Financials
  145. 145. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Cogeneration DescriptionWaste Heat Recovery yWaste Heat, in the most general sense, is the energy associated withthe waste streams of air, exhaust g , gases and/or liquids that leave the qboundaries of a plant or building and enter the environment.All waste heat that is successfully recovered directly substitutes forpurchased energy and therefore reduces the consumption of and thecost of that energy. A second potential benefit is realized when wasteheat substitution results in smaller capacity requirements for energyconversion equipment.Some examples of Waste Heat Recovery are the production of HotWater from process heat or the production of chilled water viaAbsorption Chillers running on hot water or steam
  146. 146. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration – Exhaust Gas BoilerCogeneration Exhaust Gas Boiler Description
  147. 147. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration Production  Production
  148. 148. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration Financials
  149. 149. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration – Heat ExchangersCogeneration Heat Exchangers Description
  150. 150. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration Production  Production
  151. 151. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresCogeneration Financials
  152. 152. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Solar Water Heating Solar Water Heating DescriptionEssentially a SWH uses the sun to heat water in collectors mounted on aroof or some raised south-facing area. The heated water is then storedin a tank not unlike a conventional electric or gas water.Solar water heating systems consist of a solar collector and a storagetank connected by two pipes. In the solar collector, the suns energy isconverted to heat in the liquid in the solar collector‘s channels. This collector s channelsliquid transports the heat through a pipe to the storage tank, where theheat is transferred to the water in the heat exchanger.
  153. 153. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating Description
  154. 154. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating Production
  155. 155. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresSolar Water HeatingSolar Water Heating Financials
  156. 156. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope enhancement Description Green Roof
  157. 157. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope enhancement Description
  158. 158. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope enhancement Heat transmission reduction Heat transmission reduction
  159. 159. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresBuilding envelope enhancementBuilding envelope enhancement Financials
  160. 160. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Water efficiency Water efficiency DescriptionGeneral Operation and Maintenance issues p• Ensure return of steam condensate to boiler for reuse• Use full loads in sanitizers, sterilizers and lab equipment dishwashers. , q p• Operate kitchen dishwashers with full loads only, and shut off when they are not in use.• Reduce flow to surgical vacuum pumps to acceptable minimum level and maintain proper operation operation.• Locate and repair leaks.• Check steam traps periodically, repair when necessary.• Initiate employee awareness program, get input and ideas from staff, offer incentives. Encourage employee water conservation at home as well.
  161. 161. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Water efficiency Water efficiency DescriptionGeneral Operation and Maintenance issues p• Evaluate daily routines of staff (i.e. showering, clean up, and hand washing) and encourage efficient p g) g practices and procedures. p• Develop a water management plan at your facility• In Laundry: • Evaluate wash program considering daily wash loads. Consult manufacturer for specifications regarding minimizing water necessary for various load soil conditions. • Check with chemical vendor and evaluate wash formula. • Investigate a rinse water reclamation system to reuse rinse water for wash cycle. • Consider installing a wash water and rinse water treatment and reclamation system.
  162. 162. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures Water efficiency Water efficiency DescriptionInstallation of Laminor Flow control for faucets and showersLaminar Flow is achieved by arresting the kinetic energy at the faucet’sdischarge point down to less than 4 fps and directing water through g p p g gprecisely engineered and spaced perforated plates within flow control.Laminar Flow Means:• No splash improved wetting ability, excellent cohesion, softness, low velocity and cannot introduce airborne bacteria to the water system system.• Fluid particles move in parallel layers.• Each layer has a constant velocity and is in relative motion to its neighbor.• Very low velocity compared to aerated streams.• A transparent, crystal clear solid soft stream of water.
  163. 163. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency Description
  164. 164. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency Description
  165. 165. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation MeasuresWater efficiencyWater efficiency Financials
  166. 166. Case Study 1: Gefinor Rotana Hotel Energy Conservation Measures
  167. 167. Energy AuditMinor effort, Major recommendations, Massive results
  168. 168. The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation

×