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Church Reform
<ul><li>• Starting in 900s, monasteries help bring about a spiritual revival </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in the Church </li...
<ul><li>Early Cathedrals </li></ul><ul><li>• Between 800–1100, churches are built in  Romanesque  style </li></ul><ul><li>...
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Chp 14.1 church reform

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Chp 14.1 church reform

  1. 1. Church Reform
  2. 2. <ul><li>• Starting in 900s, monasteries help bring about a spiritual revival </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in the Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Church officials marry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simony —selling religious offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings appoint bishops, Reformers believe only the Church should appoint bishops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Starting in 1100s, popes reorganize Church like a kingdom pope has total control </li></ul><ul><li>Pope’s advisors make Church laws – Cannon Law </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican and Franciscan orders form </li></ul><ul><li>Friars in these orders vow poverty; travel and preach to the poor </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Early Cathedrals </li></ul><ul><li>• Between 800–1100, churches are built in Romanesque style </li></ul><ul><li>• Style includes thick walls and pillars, small windows, round arches </li></ul><ul><li>A New Style of Church Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic style evolves around 1100; term from Germanic tribe, Goths </li></ul><ul><li>• Gothic style has large, tall windows for more light; pointed arches </li></ul><ul><li>• Churches have stained glass windows, many sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>• About 500 Gothic churches are built from 1170 to 1270 </li></ul>
  4. 4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Crypt of Saint Europe (11th century), Saints, France.

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