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Black death & 100 years war


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Black death & 100 years war

  1. 1. The Black Death
  2. 2. Key questions <ul><li>1. What is the “Black Death”? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What caused the Black Death? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What were the consequences? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The plague arrives <ul><li>Historians think that the plague arrived in England during the summer of 1348. During the following autumn it spread quickly through the south west. Few villages escaped. Churchyards were full with bodies . </li></ul><ul><li>The plague spread quickly during the winter of 1348-1349 to the north of England. By 1350, nearly the whole of Britain was infected with the plague. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of 1350 nearly two and a half million people were dead! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where did the Black Death come from?
  5. 5. What were the symptoms of the plague?
  6. 6. What caused the plague? <ul><li>The question that you are probably thinking is this; </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Who or what caused the Black Death? </li></ul><ul><li>A: This is your answer! </li></ul>The Oriental Rat Flea!
  7. 7. How was the plague transmitted? <ul><li>We now know that the most common form of the Black Death was the BUBONIC PLAGUE! This disease was spread by fleas which lived on the black rat. The fleas sucked the rat’s blood which contained the plague germs. When the rat died the fleas jumped on to humans and passed on the deadly disease. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Effects of Plague <ul><li>Town populations fall </li></ul><ul><li>Trade declined prices rose </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs left manor to search for better wages </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles resisted peasant demands for higher wages peasant revolts throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Jews Blamed for bringing on plague all over Europe Jews driven from homes, beaten, and massacred </li></ul><ul><li>Church losses prestige and some power when its prayers failed to stop the spread of the plague and many priest refused to perform their duties (last rights) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Cures? <ul><li>Medieval people did not know about germs causing disease. They did not understand that plague was spread by rats and fleas. They thought that people’s bodies were poisoned. </li></ul><ul><li>If the swellings burst and the poison came out people sometimes survived. It seemed sensible to draw out the poison. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Medieval cure number 1 <ul><li>The swellings should be softened with figs and cooked onions. The onions should be mixed with yeast and butter. Then open the swellings with a knife. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Medieval cure number 2 <ul><li>Take a live frog and put its belly on the plague sore. The frog will swell up and burst. Keep doing this with further frogs until they stop bursting. Some people say that a dried toad will do the job better. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Question <ul><li>How useful do you think these medieval cures actually were? Did they help at all or were they more harmful? </li></ul>
  13. 14. 100 Years War <ul><li>Marked the end of medieval European society </li></ul><ul><li>France’s king died with no successor </li></ul><ul><li>English king was the related claimed French Throne war lasted on and off 1337-1453 </li></ul><ul><li>Finally in 1421-1453 French won several battles and kick British out of France </li></ul>
  14. 15. Changes in Warfare <ul><li>English Longbow marked the end of Chivalry in Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>It was 6 feet long, cheap, powerful enough to penetrate armor, fatal within a hundred yards, rapid fire weapon (12-15 shots per minute) read 402 </li></ul><ul><li>Joan of Arc a 13 yr old peasant woman who heard voices of the Saints </li></ul>
  15. 16. continued <ul><li>Felt God wanted her to free France from English rule. </li></ul><ul><li>1429 helps French win a victory at Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>She helps to free France set up a French king </li></ul><ul><li>She is captured by English, tried by the church and burned at the stake in 1431 (French King does not try to help her) </li></ul>
  16. 17. Impact of 100 Years War <ul><li>100 Years war end 1453 results: </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of Nationalism in France and England </li></ul><ul><li>Power of French Monarch increased </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war erupts in England (War of the Roses) </li></ul>