Blended Learning A Multi Link Learning Approach 2009


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This is brief presentation dealing with the concept of Blended Learning (BL), the rational for using this approach. Four basic components of BL, and advantages for Ss and teachers who use this approach in language teaching combining F2F with online teaching.

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Blended Learning A Multi Link Learning Approach 2009

  1. 1. Blended Learning: A Multi-Link Learning Approach [email_address] September 10th & 11th, 2009 Nicatesol 2009 Blended Learning: A Multi-Link Learning Approach
  2. 2. Outline [email_address] I Intro to e-learning approaches 1.1 Why Blend? 1.2 Reason to Implement BL 1.3 Concept and Rational for BL 1.4 Blended Format II BL Approaches and Strategies 2.1 4 Approaches for BL 2.2 Strategies for BL 2.3 4 Components of BL 2.4 What to Blend and How to Blend 2.5 Sample Unit of a BL Program III Conclusion 3.1 Advantages for Ss and Teachers 3.2 Effective BL Delivery 3.3 Effective BL Links
  3. 3. Generation Gap
  4. 4. E-learning approaches <ul><li>When we try to pin down the meaning of any modification of the term “learning” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>blended learning* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>distance learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>work-based learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task-based learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem- based learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* BL is the latest buzzword in corporate training. Josh Bersin, Learning Circuits, July 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The model is intended to help guide you and your team through the process of blended learning design. </li></ul><ul><li>Frank J Troha, Blended Learning Group of New York April 2002. </li></ul> [email_address]
  5. 5. What is blended learning? <ul><li>Blended learning courses combine online and classroom learning activities and resources in an optimal way to improve student learning outcomes and to address important institutional issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Veronica Diaz, PhD,Maricopa Community Colleges. February 22, 2008 </li></ul>&quot;Blended learning is a powerful training solution that combines e-learning with a variety of other delivery methods for a superior learning experience” Caroline Gray, Learning Circuits, March 2006 Blended learning is the organic integration of thoughtfully selected and complementary face-to-face and online approaches and technologies (Garrison & Vaughan, 2008) Blended Learning is learning that is facilitated by the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning, and founded on transparent communication amongst all parties involved with a course Heinze and Procter ( 2004) [email_address]
  6. 6. Blended Format [email_address] Proportion of Content Delivered Online Type of Course Typical Description 0% Traditional Course with no online technology used — content is delivered in writing or orally. 1 to 29% Web Facilitated Course which uses web-based technology to facilitate what is essentially a face-to-face course . Uses a course management system (CMS) or web pages to post the syllabus and assignments, for example. 30 to 79% Blended/Hybrid Course that blends online and face-to-face delivery. Substantial proportion of the content is delivered online, typically uses online discussions, and typically has some face-to-face meetings. 80+% Online A course where most or all of the content is delivered online . Typically have no face-to-face meetings .
  7. 7. Technology Cycle Blackboard Overhead projector Computer Lab Laptop Whiteboard iPod [email_address] blackboard Overhead projector Lab computer Laptop Ipod Cycle Towards Technology
  8. 8. Why Blend? <ul><li> Ask “why” before “how” </li></ul><ul><li>● Improved pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>● Increased access & flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>● Learning is social </li></ul><ul><li>● Context vs. content </li></ul><ul><li>● Learning is a process, not an event </li></ul><ul><li>Puts focus back on the basics </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes “Informal Learning” </li></ul><ul><li>Clever way to “fool’ faculty & trainers </li></ul>[email_address]
  9. 9. The major aims of Blended learning are to : <ul><li>use information and communication technologies to support more active approaches to student learning </li></ul><ul><li>support learning activities that extend outside face-to-face sessions </li></ul><ul><li>assist students in being better prepared for face-to-face sessions. </li></ul>[email_address]
  10. 10. A blended learning strategy could include some or all of the following elements: <ul><li>e-learning (online or on CD-ROM) </li></ul><ul><li>online discussion groups </li></ul><ul><li>online mentoring and tutor support </li></ul><ul><li>learning using mobile devices. </li></ul><ul><li>web conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Printed resources (books, workbooks) </li></ul><ul><li>interactive manuals </li></ul><ul><li>workshops </li></ul><ul><li>classroom based training. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>[email_address]
  11. 11. Four approaches for a blended learning methodology <ul><li>To combine or mix modes of Web-based technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., live virtual classroom, self-paced instruction, collaborative learning, streaming video, audio, and text to accomplish an educational goal. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To combine various pedagogical approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., constructivism, behaviorism, cognitivism to produce an optimal learning outcome with or without instructional technology. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To combine any form of instructional technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., videotape, CD-ROM, Web-based training, film with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>face-to-face instructor-led training. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To mix or combine instructional technology </li></ul><ul><li>with actual job tasks in order to create a harmonious </li></ul><ul><li>effect on learning and working. </li></ul>[email_address]
  12. 12. Blending Competencies Educational Competencies Comunication Competencies Course Content Competencies e-Teaching Competencies [email_address]
  13. 13. 4 Basic Components BLENDED LEARNING ASSESSMENT [email_address] Online Practice Face - 2-face activities Linking Element (s) Methodology
  14. 14. 4 Didactical Components 4 3 2 1 [email_address] Integrative Lang. Teaching Face-to-face classes Links / Contents Online practice
  15. 15. Integrating Media: A Blended Learning Approach Integrating any combination of synchronous/ asynchronous media with the traditional classroom results in a blended learning solution. [email_address] Synchronous Media <ul><li>Satellite e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Audio Conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Audio Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Web Conferencing/SLS </li></ul><ul><li>Webinars </li></ul>Asynchronous Media <ul><li>Online (Web-Based Training) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based Training </li></ul><ul><li>Video Tape/DVD </li></ul><ul><li>Audio Tape </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast/vodcast </li></ul>Traditional Classroom
  16. 16. BL Approach results in: <ul><li>● Increase flexibility to allow students to learn how, when and where they want? </li></ul><ul><li>● Support students in work-based learning? </li></ul><ul><li>● Provide quicker feedback for our students? </li></ul><ul><li>● Engage in dialogue with our students? </li></ul><ul><li>● Ensure our students leave university with the core skills (competencies) required by employers </li></ul><ul><li>● Enhance the student experience </li></ul>[email_address]
  17. 17. Advantages for Teachers <ul><li>Borderless teaching, reaching more students </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced teacher interaction with students </li></ul><ul><li>Increased student engagement in learning </li></ul><ul><li>More flexible teaching and learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous improvement </li></ul>[email_address]
  18. 18. Challenges Teachers <ul><li>Time commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support for course redesign </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in acquiring new teaching and technology skills </li></ul><ul><li>Risk factors </li></ul>[email_address]
  19. 19. Conclusion <ul><li>Blended learning courses combine online and classroom learning activities and resources in an optimal way to improve student learning outcomes and to address important institutional issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Blended learning is an optimized pedagogical approach , rather than an arbitrary time division between online and F2F classes </li></ul>BL Means moving from a vertical formal learning to an informal multi-link learning style [email_address]
  20. 20. [email_address] Thank You !