India IFRI Report 2013


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India IFRI Report 2013

  1. 1. Outline  About FES –Briefly on our work and what it leads to  Studies and CRC FES
  2. 2. Our Mission We work towards ecological restoration and conservation of land and water resources and establish processes of coordinated human effort and governance to achieve this goal.
  3. 3. Our Presence We are  in six eco-regions of the country  with 5323 village institutions  reaching over 2.89 million people  on 1.18 million acres of forest and common lands, benefitting another 2.5 million acres of farm lands.  On half a million acres under watershed development programmes  in 28 districts of eight states  with 32 field teams, 4 regional offices  more than 250 staff members
  4. 4. Cornerstones Intertwining principles of nature conservation and local self governance, we work on systemic drivers that can bring about a multiplier change: •The biophysical rural infrastructure - to improve the ecological health and the social and economic well being •The social infrastructure – Community institutions, the positive expression of which tilts governance towards more equable arrangements •Commons, both the resource systems and property regimes, as they are the only spaces left for the poor to subsist on, and negotiate the expression of their existence on equal terms.
  5. 5. FES Strategic Ecosystem Studies & Karyashala Geo-informatics Field Operations & Collaborations Policy Advocacy
  6. 6. Glimpses into impacts
  7. 7. Barundani, Rajasthan 2006 2002 2012
  8. 8. Charangam, Gujarat 1987 2003 2012
  9. 9. Valuation of the developed resource Conventional Inflow A/c. 15 Annually 5 Cumulative Rs. in Lakhs 10 2007-08 2006-07 2005-06 2004-05 2003-04 2002-03 2001-02 2000-01 1999-00 1998-99 1997-98 1996-97 1995-96 1994-95 60 40 Cumulative Rs. in Lakhs 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Value/ha.=4.5 lakh 1991-92 1992-93 0 1993-94 1991-92 Annually 80 Value/ha.=0.55 lakh 1992-93 0 Inflow A/c. includes conventional, economic and environmental benefits 120 100 20
  10. 10. Impacts… • • Improved vegetation improving water flows • • Comparision of Fodder availability from Regenerated and Other Commons Improved Biomass Availability Secure availability of water Increase in agricultural double crop area by 65-94% with improved availability of water • Reduction in the risks of crop failure in low rainfall years • Livestock holding in poor households increased by 15% • Improved milk production Improved resilience of rural livelihoods 4 3.5 3.4 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 1 0.5 0 Regenerated Commons Other Commons
  11. 11. Studies and IFRI
  12. 12.  At FES we have been monitoring ecological, social and economic changes over time in order to upgrade the effectiveness of our work at the village and landscape-level.  The studies are designed to engage local communities in search for appropriate solutions and build on their knowledge base for informed community level actions for natural resource management  Practice-Research and Policy Advocacy Continuum
  13. 13. Key Thematic Areas The broad range of thematic areas covered includes: • Analysing human and nature interactions in diverse social-economic-ecological settings using the socio-ecological systems framework; • Understanding and analysing institutional arrangements for local governance of natural resources; • Building economic evidence of material resources in general and its significance for different production systems, in particular; • Monitoring ecological health including biomass, water and energy audits to assist communities in their conservation efforts, and capturing longitudinal changes with biophysical and institutional interventions; • Energy-Poverty Dynamics
  14. 14. Key Thematic Areas • Areas of critical ecological importance (sanctuaries, wildlife habitats) to understand ecological processes and aid evolution of conservation plans; • Spatial and non-spatial analysis of socio-economic-ecological databases to capture longitudinal changes in key variables over time with the aim to prepare atlases on development trends; • Assessing impacts of climate change on various natural and production systems as well as understanding institutional processes of adapting to vulnerabilities induced by vagaries of nature. • Actionable social-economic and ecological agenda
  15. 15. CRC FES • CRC in 2012 • 10 sites in Rajasthan and Odisha ( if we include that of SHODH around 30 sites) • Internal capacity building • Plans to undertake it across different ecosystems and integrate it with ecological monitoring sites and biophysical assessments ( by 2013 in North East, MP and AP)
  16. 16. CRC FES • Align it with FRA and other policy and programme initiatives to monitor changes • Internally: • Adaptation of protocols to include other commons • Revision of formats in FES institutional source book and integration • Byelaws ( and integrating other methods to feed to IFRI • Ecological monitoring framework and IFRI protocols
  17. 17. Research Questions 1. How do communities in different legal, environmental and political and economic contexts engage to address collective action problems for governance of common pool land resources? 2. What have been the social, economic and ecological outcomes of decentralized governance of CPLRs?
  18. 18. THANK YOU