Civil engineering


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Introduction to Civil Engineering

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Civil engineering

  1. 1. Civil Engineering A People Serving Profession
  2. 2. Civil Engineering <ul><li>Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water works, Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Civil Engineering <ul><li>In the beginning, Civil Engineering included all engineers that did not practice military engineering; said to have begun in 18th century France </li></ul><ul><li>First “Civil Engineer” was an Englishman, John Smeaton in 1761 </li></ul><ul><li>Civil engineers have saved more lives than all the doctors in history --- development of clean water and sanitation systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. Civil Engineering <ul><li>Henry H. White, first KY Civil Engineering Graduate from Bacon (Georgetown) College in 1840 </li></ul><ul><li>Fall of 1886, “State College” (UK) established civil engineering degree </li></ul><ul><li>John Wesley Gunn of Lexington received first Civil Engineering degree from A & M College (UK) in 1890 </li></ul>
  5. 5. CE Student Organizations <ul><li>Chi Epsilon – Civil Engineering honorary </li></ul><ul><li>ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) </li></ul><ul><li>AGC (Association of General Contractors) </li></ul><ul><li>ARTPA (American Road and Transportation Builders Association) </li></ul><ul><li>ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers) </li></ul><ul><li>KSPE (Kentucky Society of Professional Engineers – section of the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Civil Engineering Process <ul><li>Planning … </li></ul><ul><li>Design … </li></ul><ul><li>Construction … </li></ul><ul><li>Operation/Maintenance … </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation … </li></ul>
  7. 7. Civil Engineering Specialties <ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental/ Water Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Geotechnical </li></ul><ul><li>Hydraulics </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Structural </li></ul><ul><li>Surveying </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources </li></ul>
  8. 8. Construction Engineers <ul><li>Design formwork, scaffolding, lifting apparatus, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Management of construction resources: labor, materials, equipment, money and time. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Environmental Engineers <ul><li>Apply fluid mechanics, biology and chemistry to the design and operation of environmental control systems, e.g., municipal and industrial wastewater systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Model and monitor the movement and behavior of water pollutants in natural waters. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Geotechnical Engineers <ul><li>Analyze soil and rock that affect the behavior of struc-tures, pavements, underground facilities, and containment structures for solid and liquid wastes. </li></ul><ul><li>Design foundations, retaining walls, roadway cuts, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Field and laboratory work along with design. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hydraulic Engineers <ul><li>Analyze and design systems to transport liquids. </li></ul><ul><li>Small and large systems of pipes as well as engineered and natural channels. </li></ul><ul><li>Hydraulic machinery such as pumps and turbines, hydraulic controls such as valves and weirs, and hydraulic structures such as dams and spillways. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Materials Engineers <ul><li>Design, analyze, and construct materials such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Asphalt </li></ul><ul><li>Composites </li></ul>
  13. 13. Structural Engineers <ul><li>Design and analyze all man-made objects whose primary function is load resistance: buildings, bridges, aircraft, transmission towers, radar domes and antennas, drilling platforms, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Must also consider the economics, esthetics and social implications of their creations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Surveyors <ul><li>Precisely locate and layout engineering projects. </li></ul><ul><li>GIS (Geographic Information Systems), GPS (Global Positioning Systems), and lasers distance measurement devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Maps and aerial photos. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Transportation Engineers <ul><li>Analyze movement of persons and goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan, design, construct, maintain and operate various transportation modes (e.g., highway, railway, air, water, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Design traffic management systems. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Water Resources Engineers <ul><li>Develop, use and manage world’s water resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Design water distribution systems, wells, reservoirs, canals, locks and dams, port facilities and flood control systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the impact of other engineering projects on the natural hydrologic system. </li></ul>