Sustainable Development

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Sustainable Development

  1. 1. Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development Prof R RamakrishnanProf R Ramakrishnan ramakrish54@gmail.comramakrish54@gmail.com ssrn.com/author=646193ssrn.com/author=646193 For my research articlesFor my research articles
  2. 2. Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development Sustainable development is development thatSustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present withoutmeets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generationscompromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.to meet their own needs. Gro Harlem Brundtland first introduced theGro Harlem Brundtland first introduced the concept of sustainable development in 1987.concept of sustainable development in 1987. He was then the Prime Minister of Norway andHe was then the Prime Minister of Norway and chairman of the World Commission onchairman of the World Commission on Environment and DevelopmentEnvironment and Development..
  3. 3. Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development
  4. 4. Sustainability is concerned withSustainability is concerned with these "these "3 Es3 Es".". • EquityEquity • Environmental Integrity andEnvironmental Integrity and • Economic EfficiencyEconomic Efficiency
  5. 5. Sustainable development offers theSustainable development offers the world a plan for saving the Earth.world a plan for saving the Earth. Although the idea is simple, the task isAlthough the idea is simple, the task is substantial.substantial. It means meeting four objectives at the same time.It means meeting four objectives at the same time. Social progress which recognizes the needs ofSocial progress which recognizes the needs of everyoneeveryone Effective protection of the environmentEffective protection of the environment Prudent use of natural resource andPrudent use of natural resource and Maintenance of high and stable levels ofMaintenance of high and stable levels of economic growth and employmenteconomic growth and employment
  6. 6. The principles of a sustainableThe principles of a sustainable society aresociety are  Respect and care for the community of life.Respect and care for the community of life.  Improve the quality of human life.Improve the quality of human life.  Conserve the Earth's vitality and diversity.Conserve the Earth's vitality and diversity.  Minimize the depletion of non-renewable resources.Minimize the depletion of non-renewable resources.  Keep within the Earth's carrying capacity.Keep within the Earth's carrying capacity.  Change attitudes and practices.Change attitudes and practices.  Enable communities to care for their own environments.Enable communities to care for their own environments.  Provide a national framework for integrating developmentProvide a national framework for integrating development and conservation.and conservation.  Create a global alliance.Create a global alliance.
  7. 7. Five related aspects to the concept ofFive related aspects to the concept of sustainability.sustainability. • Economic sustainabilityEconomic sustainability • Social sustainabilitySocial sustainability • Cultural sustainabilityCultural sustainability • Political sustainability andPolitical sustainability and • Environmental sustainabilityEnvironmental sustainability
  8. 8. Sustainability issues are to beSustainability issues are to be analyzed at various levelsanalyzed at various levels • Global level -Global level - Ozone depletion;Ozone depletion; • Climate change; andClimate change; and • Air pollutionAir pollution • Regional, National or Area-levelRegional, National or Area-level Water pollution -Water depletion - Deforestation- FisheriesWater pollution -Water depletion - Deforestation- Fisheries depletion -Biodiversity- Desertification and Erosion.depletion -Biodiversity- Desertification and Erosion. • -Local level - a plot, a farm or a village-Local level - a plot, a farm or a village Soil losses - Loss of soil quality (chemical or physical) -Soil losses - Loss of soil quality (chemical or physical) - Loss of farm incomeLoss of farm income
  9. 9. The international economy shouldThe international economy should provide a supportive internationalprovide a supportive international climate for achieving environmentclimate for achieving environment and development goals by:and development goals by: • Promoting sustainable development through tradePromoting sustainable development through trade liberalizationliberalization • Making trade and environment mutually supportiveMaking trade and environment mutually supportive • Providing adequate financial resources to developingProviding adequate financial resources to developing countries and dealing with international debtcountries and dealing with international debt • Encouraging macroeconomic policies conducive toEncouraging macroeconomic policies conducive to environment and development.environment and development.
  10. 10. For sustainable development to takeFor sustainable development to take place there must beplace there must be • Interaction and coordination among all of the agents inInteraction and coordination among all of the agents in a locality, region, or country;a locality, region, or country; • A redistribution of wealth;A redistribution of wealth; • A redefinition of the relationship between humanA redefinition of the relationship between human beings and nature;beings and nature; • Intergenerational equity;Intergenerational equity; • A redistribution of global wealth and opportunities;A redistribution of global wealth and opportunities; • Nature's capacity for regeneration must be respected;Nature's capacity for regeneration must be respected; • Communities must be self-sufficient; andCommunities must be self-sufficient; and • There must be a dialectical uniting of theory andThere must be a dialectical uniting of theory and
  11. 11. Thank YouThank You

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