The historic environment and INSPIRE
- a view from Scotland.
Peter McKeague
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical...
an unmandated view from Scotland
/
http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/14279/
(C) Crown Copyright and database right 2012...
1. What is INSPIRE?
2. Outline of adoption of INSPIRE and aspirations of Scottish SDI
3. Published historic environment Da...
The INSPIRE Directive
INSPIRE sets down the general rules for establishing an infrastructure for spatial information
in Eu...
The INSPIRE Directive
Source: http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reports/ImplementingRules/inspireDataspecD2_3v2.0.pdf
Annex ...
A Spatial Data Infrastructure
SDI is the technology, policies, standards, human resources and
related activities necessary...
Guidance, Policy and Implementation in Scotland
2004: One Scotland, -One Geography. A Geographic Information Strategy for ...
One Scotland Mapping Agreement
Replaces separate central and
local government agreements
Reduces duplication
Simplifies li...
Scottish Spatial Data Infrastructure Metadata Portal
http://scotgovsdi.edina.ac.uk/srv/en/main.home
Scottish Spatial Data Infrastructure Metadata Portal
RCAHMS Metadata on www.data.gov.uk
Metadata and Services submitted through Scottish SDI are published on data.gov.uk
Canmo...
Protected Sites and the wider Historic Environment
A Protected Site is defined as an
“Area designated or managed within a ...
Published Historic Environment Services in Scotland
Historic Scotland have published metadata and WMS for:
Scheduled Monum...
Publication via portals: Canmoremapping (2011)
Both background mapping and foreground data provided through WMS
http://can...
Canmoremapping: adding more data
Publication via portals: Pastmap (2012-13)
In development
Background mapping provided through WMS, foreground data as WFS ...
Protected Sites data across the United Kingdom
... and across boundaries
Part of this tomb is in the townland of Garvagh, Co. Tyrone
MEDIN: The Marine environment
http://portal.oceannet.org/search/full/catalogue/medin.ac.uk__MEDIN_2.3__Canmore.xml/
National Marine Plan Interactive Planning tool
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/seamanagement/nmpihome/nmpi
RCAHMS...
Information delivery
Third Party
Background
mapping
RCAHMS
datasets
Third party
datasets
Held and managed
locally by RCAHM...
Information delivery
Third Party
Background
mapping
RCAHMS
datasets
Third party
datasets
Held and managed
locally by RCAHM...
The INSPIRE Directive
Annex I
1. Coordinate reference
systems
2. Geographical grid systems
3. Geographical names
4. Admini...
The Inveresk Archaeologcial Map (2005)
Combined:-
Aerial survey
Transcription
Geophyisical
survey extents
Geophysical
surv...
Towards an Archaeological Spatial Data infrastructure...
National SDIs can provide a model and
infrastructure for an archa...
Delivering a sustainable approach
http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/294740/
Delivering a sustainable approach through OASIS
Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2012
26...
Conclusions....
Need to adopt national SDIs to provide the infrastructure for archaeological data
Requires co-ordination -...
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The historic environment and INSPIRE - a view from Scotland

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This presentation was given by Peter McKeague at a workshop at the 4th International Euro-Mediterranean Conference (EuroMed 2012) Conference in Limassol, Cyprus on 'GIS systems and Archaeological Spatial Data Infrastructures in Europe and Mediterranean area.'

INSPIRE provides a roadmap for the publication of metadata, view and download services for a wide range of spatial information in the public sector. This presentation outlines the development of INSPIRE in Scotland to 2012 and how it is being implemented for historic environment data. In most instances the timetabled approach of government organisations focuses on publishing only statutory data under the Protected Sites theme. However the definition of a Protected Site under INSPIRE is much broader recognising that data may be managed through legal or other effective means. That is, Protected Sites do not need to be formally protected through designation legislation as long as they are managed effectively for instance through planning guidance.

RCAHMS has adopted the principles behind INSPIRE to publish information about the wider historic environment and the specialist datasets it curates. However, much archaeological information is created outside the public sector by academia and commercial archaeological companies. There is a need to encourage these primary data creators to contribute to archaeological Spatial Data Infrastructures. Online reporting, through OASIS, offers a potential solution through the systematic reporting of archaeological fieldwork, including specialist remote sensing techniques via online forms. The challenge remains to establish a common infrastructure, agreed terminologies and to encourage the archaeological community to value spatial data.

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The historic environment and INSPIRE - a view from Scotland

  1. 1. The historic environment and INSPIRE - a view from Scotland. Peter McKeague Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland peter.mckeague@rcahms.gov.uk
  2. 2. an unmandated view from Scotland / http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/14279/ (C) Crown Copyright and database right 2012. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100020548 RCAHMS maintains Canmore http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/ a publically accessible database Canmore holds:- - nearly 300,000 site records - over 1 million related Collections items http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/details/357547/ and is responsible for archaeological content published on a range of Ordnance Survey maps
  3. 3. 1. What is INSPIRE? 2. Outline of adoption of INSPIRE and aspirations of Scottish SDI 3. Published historic environment Datasets for Scotland 4. INSPIRE implementation across the historic environment in the UK 5. A different model – the Marine Sector 6. Towards an Archaeological Spatial Data Infrastructure Outline of talk
  4. 4. The INSPIRE Directive INSPIRE sets down the general rules for establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe for the purposes Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment • Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively • The ability to combine seamlessly spatial data from different sources and share it between many users and applications • Spatial data should be collected at one level of Government and shared between all levels • Spatial data needed for good Governance should be available on conditions that are not restricting its extensive use • It should be easy to discover which spatial data is available, to evaluate its fitness for purpose, and to know which conditions apply for its use. Source: David Fry, Inspire Directive: GIS Professional issue 15, April 2007, 18 http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/details/1123289/
  5. 5. The INSPIRE Directive Source: http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reports/ImplementingRules/inspireDataspecD2_3v2.0.pdf Annex I 1. Coordinate reference systems 2. Geographical grid systems 3. Geographical names 4. Administrative units 5. Addresses 6. Cadastral parcels 7. Transport networks 8. Hydrography 9. Protected sites - * Annex II 1. Elevation 2. Land cover 3. Ortho-imagery 4. Geology Annex III 1. Statistical units 2. Buildings 3. Soil 4. Land use 5. Human health and safety 6. Utility and governmental services 7. Environmental monitoring facilities - * 8. Production and industrial facilities - * 9. Agricultural and aquaculture facilities - * 10. Population distribution – demography 11. Area management/restriction/regulation zones & reporting units - * 12. Natural risk zones 13. Atmospheric conditions - * 14. Meteorological geographical features - * 15. Oceanographic geographical features 16. Sea regions 17. Bio-geographical regions - * 18. Habitats and biotopes - * 19. Species distribution - * 20. Energy Resources - * 21. Mineral resources - * -* heavy weighting towards the natural environment
  6. 6. A Spatial Data Infrastructure SDI is the technology, policies, standards, human resources and related activities necessary to acquire, process, distribute, use, maintain and preserve spatial data
  7. 7. Guidance, Policy and Implementation in Scotland 2004: One Scotland, -One Geography. A Geographic Information Strategy for Scotland http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/57346/0016922.pdf 2009: INSPIRE Statutory Instrument http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2009/440/contents/made 2010: Cookbook 1 How to serve a Scottish SDI and INSPIRE compliant WMS http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/311518/0098305.pdf In preparation: Cookbook 2 How to serve a Scottish SDI and INSPIRE compliant WFS
  8. 8. One Scotland Mapping Agreement Replaces separate central and local government agreements Reduces duplication Simplifies licensing to ensure consistent rights for all members Improves cross public sector Partnerships Enables data sharing across Partner organisations as part of part of public sector „core business‟ activities Contractor and End User Agreements to share data more widely http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/public-sector/scotland/index.html BUT issues with Derived Data and Rights Management remain
  9. 9. Scottish Spatial Data Infrastructure Metadata Portal http://scotgovsdi.edina.ac.uk/srv/en/main.home
  10. 10. Scottish Spatial Data Infrastructure Metadata Portal
  11. 11. RCAHMS Metadata on www.data.gov.uk Metadata and Services submitted through Scottish SDI are published on data.gov.uk Canmore metadata record: http://data.gov.uk/dataset/canmore-the-national-monuments-record-of-scotland Canmore WMS: http://data.gov.uk/dataset/web-map-service-for-canmore-the-national-monuments-record-for-scotland-and-its-maritime-waters
  12. 12. Protected Sites and the wider Historic Environment A Protected Site is defined as an “Area designated or managed within a framework of international, Community and Member States' legislation to achieve specific conservation objectives” [Directive 2007/2/EC]. “..a Protected Site is an area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means.” [International Union for the Conservation of Nature] Annex I
  13. 13. Published Historic Environment Services in Scotland Historic Scotland have published metadata and WMS for: Scheduled Monuments Listed Buildings Gardens and Designed Landscapes Download services for spatial datasets Developing a hosted service for Conservation Areas on behalf of Local authorities RCAHMS Have published metadata and WMS for the National inventory (Canmore) Maritime wrecks and documented losses are preparing WMS for more detailed datasets are promoting INSPIRE principles to Local Authority archaeological services Pilot studies reconnecting geographies Museum collections Developing hosted services for selected Local Authority data Elsewhere, a much more restrictive interpretation of ‘Protected Sites’ focuses on only those sites that are protected through statutory designation Local authority Historic Environment Records Curate Monument and Event Records Several have WMS for their own purposes but none formally published through the Scottish Spatial Data Infrastructure Discovery Portal
  14. 14. Publication via portals: Canmoremapping (2011) Both background mapping and foreground data provided through WMS http://canmoremapping.rcahms.gov.uk/
  15. 15. Canmoremapping: adding more data
  16. 16. Publication via portals: Pastmap (2012-13) In development Background mapping provided through WMS, foreground data as WFS and Shape file
  17. 17. Protected Sites data across the United Kingdom
  18. 18. ... and across boundaries Part of this tomb is in the townland of Garvagh, Co. Tyrone
  19. 19. MEDIN: The Marine environment http://portal.oceannet.org/search/full/catalogue/medin.ac.uk__MEDIN_2.3__Canmore.xml/
  20. 20. National Marine Plan Interactive Planning tool http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/seamanagement/nmpihome/nmpi RCAHMS Wreck data, Historic Scotland Scheduled Monuments in Scapa Flow, Orkney
  21. 21. Information delivery Third Party Background mapping RCAHMS datasets Third party datasets Held and managed locally by RCAHMS Internal RCAHMS use Consumed by RCAHMS websites Dedicated Web Services, WMS or WFS for RCAHMS Portals Metadata Published through SDI WMS and WFS published through SDI Canmoremapping Pastmap What is happening ScotlandsPlaces KML downloads Data Delivery UseRights Management
  22. 22. Information delivery Third Party Background mapping RCAHMS datasets Third party datasets Held and managed locally by RCAHMS Internal RCAHMS use Consumed by RCAHMS websites Web services from third party provider Dedicated Web Services, WMS or WFS for RCAHMS Portals Metadata Published through SDI WMS and WFS published through SDI Canmoremapping Pastmap Third Party Portals Consumed remotely by third party users What is happening ScotlandsPlaces KML downloads Data Delivery UseRights Management What could happen
  23. 23. The INSPIRE Directive Annex I 1. Coordinate reference systems 2. Geographical grid systems 3. Geographical names 4. Administrative units 5. Addresses 6. Cadastral parcels 7. Transport networks 8. Hydrography 9. Protected sites Annex II 1. Elevation 2. Land cover 3. Ortho-imagery 4. Geology Annex III 1. Statistical units 2. Buildings 3. Soil 4. Land use 5. Human health and safety 6. Utility and governmental services 7. Environmental monitoring facilities 8. Production and industrial facilities 9. Agricultural and aquaculture facilities 10. Population distribution – demography 11. Area management/restriction/regulation zones & reporting units 12. Natural risk zones 13. Atmospheric conditions 14. Meteorological geographical features 15. Oceanographic geographical features 16. Sea regions 17. Bio-geographical regions 18. Habitats and biotopes 19. Species distribution 20. Energy Resources 21. Mineral resources Source: http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/reports/ImplementingRules/inspireDataspecD2_3v2.0.pdfHER data Area management/restriction/regulation zones & reporting units June 2012 Bio-geographical regions September 2012
  24. 24. The Inveresk Archaeologcial Map (2005) Combined:- Aerial survey Transcription Geophyisical survey extents Geophysical survey Grey scale plots Excavation extents Excavation Detail More than simply ‘Archaeological Events’
  25. 25. Towards an Archaeological Spatial Data infrastructure... National SDIs can provide a model and infrastructure for an archaeological SDI enabling a richer combination of datasets beyond those mandated by INSPIRE to be combined Location Site extent; Protect Places Characterisation Activities Aerial survey mapping Remote Sensing Field Survey Field Walking Excavation Analysis Scientific Dating Current OS mapping Historic OS mapping Historic landuse Assessment Third Party imagery
  26. 26. Delivering a sustainable approach http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/294740/
  27. 27. Delivering a sustainable approach through OASIS Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2012 2606 projects reported through OASIS since April 2007 (1188 completed) 155 projects have spatial extents attached. Of these, 72 projects are in Highland Council area (16 complete) 49 completed projects with spatial extents attached Commercial units are ready to comply submitting project extents as part of a discharge of a Planning Condition
  28. 28. Conclusions.... Need to adopt national SDIs to provide the infrastructure for archaeological data Requires co-ordination - both nationally and internationally Interoperability – developing multi-lingual thesauri - agreeing minimum common standards / schema Map base approach needs to link to richer associated data Archaeological approach must be participatory – requires buy-in from the primary data creators Contact: peter.mckeague@rcahms.gov.uk • Remote access to information through Spatial Data Infrastructures is the future • Historic Environment Data needs to be visible in an SDI (otherwise it is ignored) • Historic Environment Data needs to be understood by the layman • Need to facilitate publication of richer data from the activities that inform our records

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