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Open Educational Resources: Development and Challenges for India


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This presentation discusses the Indian initiatives to the development of OERs in India and the challenges therein. WikiEducator India is also discussed.

Published in: Education

Open Educational Resources: Development and Challenges for India

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources:Development and Challenges for India Ramesh Sharma Indira Gandhi National Open University February 01, 2013 Connecting Online for Instruction and Learning
  2. 2. Whatare…
  3. 3. Open Things…• Open Access• Open Content• Open Course ware• Open Source Software• Open Education / e-Learning• Open Educational Resources• …and many more things
  4. 4. What is anOER? Image source:
  5. 5. The Commonwealth of Learning (COL)defines Open Educational Resources (OER)as ‘materials offered freely and openly touse and adapt for teaching, learning,development and research’.
  6. 6. Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching andlearning materials that are freely available onlinefor everyone to use, whether you are an instructor,student or self-learner. Examples of OER include:full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures,homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroomactivities, pedagogical materials, games,simulations, and many more resources contained indigital media collections from around the world.OER Commons
  7. 7. OER defined:OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in thepublic domain or have been released under an intellectual propertylicense that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Openeducational resources include full courses, course materials, modules,textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools,materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. - The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  8. 8. Open Educational Resourcesfree and openly licensed educational materials that can be used for• teaching,• learning,• research, and• other purposes. The term was first used at a UNESCO conference in 2002, although OERs were being produced and used before that time. For instance, the MIT OpenCourseWare project, which began in 2001, was one of the first major initiatives of the OER movement.
  9. 9. Types of Open Educational Resources • Courses • Course materials • Content modules • Learning objects • Collections, and • Journals
  10. 10. open content / open practices
  11. 11. Course RelatedOER Materials
  12. 12. Benefits
  13. 13. Open Educational Resources in India Development
  14. 14. A-VIEW
  15. 15. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)
  16. 16. Open Educational Resources for Schools (OER4S)
  17. 17. National Knowledge Commission Govt. of India
  18. 18. National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL)
  19. 19. The National Institute of Open Schooling
  20. 20. SAKSHAT
  21. 21. National Council of Educational Research and Training
  22. 22. Online Post Graduate Diploma in E-Learning (PGDEL) Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  23. 23. eGyanKosh
  24. 24. FlexiLearnIndira Gandhi National Open University
  25. 25. Challenges
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28. OERFoundation
  29. 29. WikiEducator
  30. 30.
  31. 31. WikiEducator - India
  32. 32. Thank You !