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OER in ODL: Imperatives and way ahead for India

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Presentation made on 19th March 2016 during the National Workshop on Development of Self Learning Materials (SLMs) in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) (Learning Materials for Higher Education) being held from March 14-20, 2016 (07 days) at Venue: Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Block, IGNOU Campus, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi -110068. This is being organised by Staff Training and Research Institute in Distance Education (STRIDE), Indira Gandhi National Open University.

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OER in ODL: Imperatives and way ahead for India

  1. 1. OER in ODL: Imperatives and way ahead for India 19th March,2016Ramesh Sharma National Workshop on Development of Self Learning Materials (SLMs) in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) (Learning Materials for Higher Education) March 14-20, 2016 (07 days) Indira Gandhi National Open University Organized by STRIDE
  2. 2. Education as Priority… XII Five Year Plan • Excellence • Equity • Expansion Challenges Access Quality Innovation
  3. 3. Transforming India Distinctive Profile of a Developed India A nation where education with a good value system is not denied to any meritorious candidates because of societal or economic discrimination. http://scroll.in/article/744333/apj-abdul-kalam-we-have-to-transform-india-in-five-areas- where-india-has-core-competence
  4. 4. Distance … Technology … https://internationalstudyabroad.wordpress.com/2013/ 02/16/10-most-popular-distance-learning-universities- in-india/ http://www.tonybates.ca/2012/02/10/is-open-and- distance-learning-the-solution-for-developing- countries/
  5. 5. Technology … Era of Globalisation New Learners
  6. 6. Universal Learning
  7. 7. Knowledge and skills… New Job roles
  8. 8. Challenges ..
  9. 9. Model of simultaneous teaching
  10. 10. SWAYAM… Indian Initiative on MOOCs
  11. 11. OER … http://classroom-aid.com/tag/oer/
  12. 12. Social benefits…
  13. 13. Learning … Burden? Joy!
  14. 14. Communication across language barriers … Translator is currently available in English, Spanish, Italian and Mandarin.
  15. 15. Personalisation … Need Identification
  16. 16. Going mobile .. http://moodle.itcilo.org/siyb/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=161
  17. 17. Diversity in learning experiences http://www.growvc.com/blog/2012/01/the-old-cliche-knowledge-is-power/
  18. 18. Participation … https://www.ids.ac.uk/team/participation
  19. 19. Visibility networks … https://www.exeter.edu/summer_programs/7324_7372.aspx
  20. 20. Need Assessment … Care for stakeholders https://www.tapinto.net/articles/hands-on-baking-lesson-promotes-learning-through
  21. 21. Quality Matters … http://www.weareteachers.com/blogs/post/2012/05/08/5-resources-for-the-flipped-classroom
  22. 22. Learning Education Access ScienceData Source Govt
  23. 23. 23 Change in philosophy towards an “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society Open Educational Resources Open Data
  24. 24. 24 Affordances of the Internet Title : File:Internet map 1024.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_map_1024.jpg license : Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
  25. 25. 25 • Alternative copyright Licensing • A range of financial models • Affordances of the Internet • Change in philosophy Social Technical LegalFinancial What has enabled OER?
  26. 26. Available to other faculties, students and institutions. Other educators can now discover and reuse. Learning activity or resource Creates Designated as OER on web Adapted from Conole, G., McAndrew, P. & Dimitriadis, Y., 2010 Shares with students and other faculty Traditional sharing of teaching materials Sharing educational resources as OER Additional considerations: • Clearing of copyright issues • Formatting for web and accessibility for reuse • Addition of descriptive metadata • Publishing in repository, referatory or on the web Educator …sharing beyond the classroom
  27. 27. Image source: http://www.bihardays.com/ Defining an OER
  28. 28. OER: Definition • teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work.
  29. 29. What is “Open”? It’s about open license used to share educational material • Reuse • Revise • Remix • Redistribute • Retain No permission required as long as the open license is respected
  30. 30. Defining the "Open" in Open Content • Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage) • Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video) • Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) • Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) • Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend) http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
  31. 31. Open Educational Resources Shared Shared freely and openly to be… Used Improved Redistribute d … used by anyone to …… adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials which are discoverable online and openly licensed that can be:
  32. 32. Technology and Platforms
  33. 33. OER Paris Declaration 2012: Recommendations related to Institutions • Promote awareness and use of OER • Improve media and information literacy • Develop institutional policies for OER • Educate stakeholders on open licenses and copyright • Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER • Develop strategic partnerships to avoid duplication of work as well as technologies • Encourage and support research on OER • Develop tools to facilitate access to OER
  34. 34. OER Paris Declaration 2012: Recommendations related to Teachers • Promote awareness and use of OER • Develop and use OER • Engage in peer review of OER • Promote quality of OER • Develop OER in local languages • Contextualize OER • Conduct research on OER • Share learning materials prepared
  35. 35. Qingdao Declaration 2015
  36. 36. OER and Open Solutions …
  37. 37. OER World Map
  38. 38. OER World Map - India
  39. 39. Recommendations on Open Educational Resources
  40. 40. Department Of Electronics & Information Technology, Government Of India
  41. 41. National Repository of OER
  42. 42. 42 Alternative copyright Licensing
  43. 43. Strategies…
  44. 44. Open Educational Practice (OEP) A characteristic of Open Educational Practice, compared with conventional forms of professional practice, is that it changes the nature of relationships… http://littlebylittlejohn.com/do-oer-funded-initiatives-impact-professional-practice/ - Allison Littlejohn, Lou McGill, Isobel Falconer, Jay Dempster
  45. 45. What this change is? • Between academics and support staff (as people work in multi-disciplinary teams, sharing areas of expertise); • Amongst academics (as teaching practice shifts from individual practice to cross-institutional and inter- institutional collaboration); • Between academics and students (as teachers and learners (who may not be registered with a university) interact in new ways); • Between academics and organisations {including the university where they are employed} (as university activities open up). http://littlebylittlejohn.com/do-oer-funded-initiatives-impact-professional-practice/
  46. 46. What further we can do?
  47. 47. Explore… find… search… Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education http://www.iskme.org
  48. 48. Collaborate for content creation…
  49. 49. Thank you!

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