Recommendations of Kellogg
• Making lifelong
learning part of the
core public mission
• Creating new kinds
• Providing public
support for lifelong
Principles of Design
• Learning depends wholly on what the
student does; only indirectly on what the
teacher or the university does.
• Analysis of student behaviors begins with
the analysis of the learning task.
• We must not use technology just because
it is available. We must use it when, and
only when, we can see how it will enable
us to do the educational job better.
Goodman, Paul: Technology Enhanced Learning - Opportunities for change, 2002,
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Challenge of excellence
Greg Light, Roy Cox, & Susana Calkins
"Learning and Teaching in Higher Education"
Academic Storm • Increasing calls for accountabiliy and
• Forces of commercial exchange
• Facutly-student ratio
• teacher time
• Scholarship activity
Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Trust_between_teachers_and_students.jpg
Change in relationship
Transformations in classroom...
Cell phones / Smart phones
Texting / instant messaging
Laws of Prediction
(Arthur C. Clarke, 1973)
"When a distinguished but elderly scientist
states that something is possible, he is almost
certainly right. When he states that something
is impossible, he is very probably wrong"
Profiles of the Future
• "The only way of
discovering the limits
of the possible is to
venture a little way
past them into the
• "Any sufficiently
from magic" (p.36)
Clarke, Arthur C. (1973). Profiles of the future: An enquiry into the
limits of the possible, New York: Harper & Row.
Trends in Learning...
Learners moving into a variety of different, possibly unrelated fields
Informal learning: gaining prominence
Formal education: going backstage?
Learning: through communities of practice, personal networks, and
through completion of work-related tasks.
Learning is a continual process, lasting for a lifetime.
Learning and work related activities are no longer separate. In many
situations, they are the same.
Trends in learning...
Technology: altering (rewiring) our brains.
The tools we use: define and shape our thinking.
The organization and the individual: both learning organisms.
Processes previously handled by learning theories (especially in
cognitive information processing) can now be off-loaded to, or
supported by, technology.
Know-how and know-what is being supplemented with know-where
(the understanding of where to find knowledge needed).
Sharing and learning
Open Educational Resources
At the magnificent Ancient Library of Alexandria (283 BC – 391 AD),
scribes borrowed books from around the known world, copied and
returned them. This provided 'open education resources' to the most
famous thinkers of the world who flocked to Alexandria to study.
Source- Wayne Mackintosh in an OERu communication
Image source: http://ancientpeoples.tumblr.com/post/26904153263/the-royal-library-of-alexandria-or-ancient
“We want to build an Alexandria for black
In Timbuktu families wrote scrolls to preserve truths and
knowledge in arts, medicine philosophy and science. These
handwritten collections of manuscripts (13th to 20th century)
were passed from generation to generation, creating a resource
with an estimated total of 700 000 works to share with the world.
The North-West University, with its roots in the African continent,
regards the participation in the OERu network as the ideal
opportunity for Africa to once again be a major role player in the
provision of meaningful study opportunities to the “famous
thinkers” of the world.
The stellar work done in Timbuktu bears testimony to the fact
that we Africans know how to preserve and repurpose
educational resources! Under the leadership of Mr Nelson
Mandela, South Africa as a nation became known as a symbol of
reconciliation and sharing. South Africans know how to share and
work together today to create a better world for tomorrow.
The North-West University, as a provider of higher education,
participated in the building of a democratic South Africa and
knows that we have both the experience and will to make a
meaningful contribution to see the mandate of the OERu
Image source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22732903
- Wayne Mackintosh: On joining North-West University - Africa's
second OERu anchor partner to OERu
Slide heading source: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/07/world/africa/07mali.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0