Page 1 of 4                                                   Absalom Jones Early life ......................................
Page 2 of 4                                          Absalom Jones                                          Born 1746     ...
Page 3 of 4Early lifeJones was born into slavery in Delaware in 1746. When he was sixteen, he was sold to astoreowner in P...
Page 4 of 4Fugitive Slave ActAfter he was said to be the 1st slave to be a priest in the 1800s, Jones took part of the fir...
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Who Was Absalom Jones ?

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Who Was Absalom Jones ?

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Who Was Absalom Jones ?

  1. 1. Page 1 of 4 Absalom Jones Early life ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Priesthood ..................................................................................................................................................... 3 Free African Society ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Fugitive Slave Act ........................................................................................................................................ 4 African Methodist Episcopal Church ........................................................................................................... 4 References..................................................................................................................................................... 4 Absalom Jones
  2. 2. Page 2 of 4 Absalom Jones Born 1746 Delaware, USA Died February 13, 1818 (aged 72) Philadelphia Occupation Slave, priestKnown for Anti-slavery petitionerSpouse Mary KingHypertext:Early life ....................................................................................................................................................... 3Priesthood ..................................................................................................................................................... 3Free African Society ..................................................................................................................................... 3Fugitive Slave Act......................................................................................................................................... 4African Methodist Episcopal Church ............................................................................................................ 4References ..................................................................................................................................................... 4Absalom Jones (1746 – February 13, 1818) was an African-American abolitionist andclergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, in 1804 he was the first African-American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States. He is listed on theEpiscopal calendar of saints and blessed under the date of his decease, February 13, in the 1979Book of Common Prayer as "Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818". Absalom Jones
  3. 3. Page 3 of 4Early lifeJones was born into slavery in Delaware in 1746. When he was sixteen, he was sold to astoreowner in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. While still a slave of Mr. Wynkoop, he married MaryKing, another slave, on January 4, 1770. By 1778 he had purchased his wifes freedom so thattheir children would be free, and in another seven years he was able to purchase his own.[1]PriesthoodJones became a lay minister for black members in the interracial congregation of St. GeorgesMethodist Church. Together with Richard Allen, he was one of the first African Americanslicensed to preach by the Methodist Church.Free African SocietyIn 1787 Jones and Allen, together with other black members, left St. Georges, as they were tiredof being segregated to a gallery and given second-class status in the congregation. They foundedthe Free African Society (FAS), first conceived as a non-denominational mutual aid society, tohelp newly freed slaves in Philadelphia. Jones and Allen separated over their different directionsin religion, but they remained lifelong friends and collaborators.[2]At the beginning of 1791, Jones started holding religious services at FAS. This became the coreof his congregation for a new church. Wanting to establish a black congregation independent ofwhite control, Jones in 1792 founded the congregation of the African Church in Philadelphia. Itpetitioned to become an Episcopal parish. The church opened its doors on July 17, 1794, as theAfrican Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, the first black church in Philadelphia.[2] Jones wasordained as a deacon in 1795 and as a priest in 1804, the first African-American priest in theEpiscopal Church.[2] He was a well-known orator and helped establish the tradition of anti-slavery sermons on New Years Day.A month after the church opened, the Founders and Trustees published "The Causes and Motivesfor Establishing St. Thomass African Church of Philadelphia," clearly stating their intent "to arise out of the dust and shake ourselves, and throw off that servile fear, that the habit ofoppression and bondage trained us up in."[3] Absalom Jones
  4. 4. Page 4 of 4Fugitive Slave ActAfter he was said to be the 1st slave to be a priest in the 1800s, Jones took part of the first groupof African Americans to petition the U.S. Congress. Their petition related to the 1793 FugitiveSlave Act was criticized for encouraging cruelty and brutality, and noted the danger which freeblacks risked of being kidnapped and sold into slavery. While U.S. Representative GeorgeThatcher of Massachusetts responded with the desire to amend the Fugitive Slave Act, otherrepresentatives resistance to changing the law forced his proposal to fail.African Methodist Episcopal ChurchOn a parallel path, Allen founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the firstindependent black church within the Methodist tradition. He and his followers converted abuilding and opened on July 29, 1794 as Bethel AME Church. In 1799 Allen was ordained as thefirst black minister in the Methodist Church by Bishop Francis Asbury. In 1816, Allen gatheredother black congregations in the region to create a new and fully independent denomination, theAfrican Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1816, he was elected the AMEs first bishop.References 1. "Absalom Jones Marriage to Mary", Brotherly Love, PBS, accessed 14 Jan 2009 2. "A Discourse...African Church", Brotherly Love, PBS, accessed 14 Jan 2009 3. "The Causes and Motives for Establishing St. Thomass African Church...", Africans in America, PBS, accessed 15 Jan 200Links  Thomas F. Ulle, A History of St. Thomas African Episcopal Church, 1794–1865, Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania  "A Thanksgiving Sermon" (1808), Antislavery Literature Project  "The African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas", Official Web site of the Episcopal Church  African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, Official Website  Official Web site of the Diocese of Pennsylvania  Absalom Jones birthplace in Milford, Delaware is at coordinates 38.91416°N 75.403998°W Absalom Jones

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