Bandung conference 1955 with MX Video Icebreaker


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Bandung conference 1955 with MX Video Icebreaker

  1. 1. Bandung Conference, 1955Source of text: Conference, 1955
  2. 2. Map of Bandung Conference ParticipantsThe Afro-Asian Conference, known generally as the Bandung Conference, was to that date thelargest gathering of Asian and African nations. On April 18 to 24, 1955, twenty-ninerepresentatives of nations from Africa and Asia came together in Bandung, Indonesia, topromote African and Asian economic coalitions and decolonization. The Conference expresslydeclared its opposition to both colonialism and neocolonialism not only by the European powersthen in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, but also by the United States and the Soviet Union.Of the twenty-nine nations that were represented in the Bandung Conference, six were fromAfrica: Egypt, Ethiopia, Gold Coast (present-day Ghana), Liberia, Libya, and Sudan. Theleading contributors to the Bandung Conference were the nations of Burma, India, Indonesia,Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The primary organizer was Ruslan Abdulgani, former Prime Ministerof Indonesia.The conference came during the midst of decolonization and against a backdrop of a worldincreasingly divided between the Western democracies and the Communist nations. Conferencedelegates vowed to take a middle ground in the ongoing Cold War. They also pledged supportfor those nations still colonized by the Western states, especially the nations of Africa. Thedelegates discussed and agreed upon economic alliances, respect for human rights in theircountries, and emphasized peace between Africa and Asia. The Africa and Asia nations alsopledged to mutually support their economic development, vowing to rely on themselves insteadof Western foreign aid.Conference delegates adopted a 10-point program that called for, among other things, settlementof all international disputes by peaceful means, respect for the sovereignty and territorialintegrity of all nations, and recognition of the equality of all races and the equality of all nationslarge and small. The program also called for non-intervention in the internal affairs of othernations and repudiated acts or threats of force against other nations.Many western powers, including especially the United States, were wary of the alliance betweenAfrica and Asia. The United States feared that the nations of Asia and Africa, many of themwho had just received their independence from colonization, would become infatuated with theleftist ideology. However, their worries proved unfounded as the members of the BandungConference, for the most part, stuck to their vow to chart a middle course between the WesternBandung Conference, 1955
  3. 3. democracies and the Communist nationsThe Bandung Conference inspired the creation of the Non-Aligned Movement in1961. Members of this Movement eventually became known as the Third World. The Non-Aligned Movement allowed these countries to remain neutral during the Cold War between theUnited States and the Soviet Union.Sources: ; George McTurnan Kahin, The Asian-African Conference:Bandung, Indonesia, April, 1955 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1956); Jamie Mackie, Bandung 1955: Non-alignment andAfro-Asian Solidarity (Singapore: Didier Millet, 2005); Kweku Ampiah, The Political and Moral Imperatives of the BandungConference of 1955: The Reactions of the US, UK and Japan (Folkestone, United Kingdom: Global Oriental, 2007).Contributor(s):Yoo, Jiwon AmyUniversity of WashingtonBandung Conference, 1955