The French Revolution


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The French Revolution

  2. 5. What is the French Revolution
  3. 6. <ul><li>Period of social and political upheaval , </li></ul><ul><li>Main date 1789-1799 , </li></ul><ul><li>France underwent many remarkable changes , </li></ul><ul><li>It affected everyone worldwide . </li></ul><ul><li>so what does that mean? </li></ul>
  4. 8. Events that took place.
  5. 9. <ul><li>14 July 1789: Storming of Bastille . </li></ul><ul><li>1791: Constitution to limit the Kings power framed. </li></ul><ul><li>1792-93: France becomes republic. </li></ul><ul><li>1793-94: The reign of terror. </li></ul>
  6. 10. Causes of the revolution.
  7. 11. <ul><li>Unfair taxation, </li></ul><ul><li>Useless wars caused bankruptcy , </li></ul><ul><li>High prices of bread, </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment , </li></ul><ul><li>Privileges of the Noble and the clergy. </li></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>All the burden of taxes was on the 3 rd estate, </li></ul><ul><li>The Church also levied special taxes called “TITHES”, </li></ul><ul><li>The Nobles and the clergy were exempted from paying taxes. </li></ul>So what does this mean?
  9. 14. The Estates-General
  10. 15. Estates general <ul><li>5 May 1789 : Louis XVI calls estates general for passing new taxes, </li></ul><ul><li>All 3 estates sent representatives, </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd estate walked out as they wanted voting as a whole. </li></ul>so what does that mean?
  11. 17. The National Assembly
  12. 18. National Assembly <ul><li>3 rd estate proceeded with own power , </li></ul><ul><li>Did not wait for other estates. </li></ul><ul><li>Declared themselves “National assembly”. </li></ul>What does that mean
  13. 20. The Storming of Bastille
  14. 21. <ul><li>July 14, 1789: </li></ul><ul><li>Louis tried to appease the Third Estate, but also sent his Swiss Guards into the streets of Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Angry crowds sought weapons and gunpowder to defend Paris </li></ul><ul><li>They knew they could find these by storming a royal prison called… </li></ul>
  15. 22. The Bastille
  16. 23. France: A constitutional monarchy <ul><li>4 August 1789: Decree abolishing feudal system passed. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st & 2 nd estate lose privileges, </li></ul><ul><li>Government acquired 2 billion livres. </li></ul>
  17. 24. <ul><li>Men are born free, </li></ul><ul><li>All have the right to property, </li></ul><ul><li>All have equal rights, </li></ul><ul><li>No one can be deprived of property. </li></ul>Declaration of Rights of Man and citizen.
  18. 25. The constitution of 1791.
  19. 26. <ul><li>National assembly would make laws, </li></ul><ul><li>Men above 25 years of age paying tax were allowed to vote , </li></ul><ul><li>Women and others were termed as passive citizens, </li></ul><ul><li>Gave many rights to the people. </li></ul>
  20. 28. France becomes a Republic <ul><li>Louis XVI entered into secret negotiations with the Prussian King, </li></ul><ul><li>War declared against Prussia and Austria, </li></ul><ul><li>Many political clubs formed in France. </li></ul>
  21. 29. Political clubs.
  22. 30. <ul><li>Formed all over France, </li></ul><ul><li>People met and discussed politics , </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous club “The Jacobins”, </li></ul><ul><li>Planned many insurrections. </li></ul>
  23. 31. Louis XVI executed <ul><li>Louis XVI sentenced to death for treason, </li></ul><ul><li>21 January 1793: Louis XVI executed in public, </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Antoinette met same fate shortly. </li></ul>
  24. 32. Slide note Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water Jack fell down and broke his crown And Jill came tumbling after. Up got Jack, and home did trot  As fast as he could caper He went to bed and bound his head With vinegar and brown paper.
  25. 34. The reign of terror
  26. 35. The reign of Terror <ul><li>1793-94: Rule of the Jacobins under Robespierre , </li></ul><ul><li>There were many changes, </li></ul><ul><li>People suffered a lot , </li></ul><ul><li>Many people were executed, </li></ul><ul><li>He was executed in July 1794. </li></ul>
  27. 37. A Directory Rules France <ul><li>Wealthier middle classes seize power, </li></ul><ul><li>Voting denied to non-property class, </li></ul><ul><li>This led to rise of Napoleon Bonaparte . </li></ul>
  28. 39. Women’s Role
  29. 40. <ul><li>Worked as servants, </li></ul><ul><li>No access to education, </li></ul><ul><li>Formed 60 political clubs, </li></ul><ul><li>Were reduced to passive citizens , </li></ul><ul><li>Got rights only in 1946. </li></ul>
  30. 41. Changes
  31. 42. <ul><li>Abolition of censorship, </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of slavery, </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading of nationalist feelings world-wide, </li></ul><ul><li>Art and Literature became popular, </li></ul><ul><li>Women fought for rights. </li></ul>
  32. 43. SOURCES <ul><li>India and the contemporary world-I (NCERT) (Chp-1, pgs: 1,2,4,8,9,14,15,16,17,19,20.) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>